The Index of The Gaskell Journal

Last updated: 10 April 2012.

 

This index is in three parts. The Author Index includes the authors of articles and reviews appearing in the Journal. Authors and titles of publications referred to in those articles are included in the Subject Index. In this index, publications appear under their author(s), except in the case of anonymous works, which appear under title and Elizabeth Gaskellfs own publications, which also appear under their titles. The third index is to Book Reviews appearing in the Journal. Publications reviewed are listed under their author(s). New editions of Elizabeth Gaskellfs novels appear under their respective editors and translations into other languages under Gaskell. The authors of the reviews appear in the Author Index.

In all cases, location references are to volume number - in bold - followed by the year and then by inclusive page numbers. Notes are indicated by enf or ennf after the page number. Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.

 

Author Index

A.J. S.

     book reviews   5, 1991, 87-8; 7, 1993, 84-5

Alexander, Christine

     Elizabeth Gaskell and Victorian juvenilia   18, 2004,                  1-15

     Readers and writers: Blackwood's and the Brontës

            8, 1994, 54-69

Allan, Janet

     Scarborough Conference: 'Sylvia's Lovers and

            others': a novel weekend   6, 1992, 77-8

Arnaud, Caroline

     Gaskell studies in France   13, 1999, 112-15

 

Baker, Fran

     eIntimate and trusted correspondencef: the Gaskells,

            Greens and Jamisons   24, 2010, 1-17

Baker, Gwen

     book review   25, 2011, 127-9

Barnard, Robert

     book reviews   16, 2002, 119-21; 17, 2003, 121-2;

            20, 2006, 125-6

Beer, John

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs Legacy from Romanticism   22,

            2008, 42-55

Billington, Josie

     book review   21, 2007, 123-5

     Faithful realism: Ruskin and Gaskell   13, 1999, 1-14

Bock, Carol A.

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs eUsefulf Relatives: Katharine and

            Anthony Todd Thompson and the Society for the

            Diffusion of Useful Knowledge   22, 2008, 72-85

Borromeo, Eva Åhsberg

     Maria Edgeworth, Fredrika Bremer and Elizabeth

            Gaskell: Sources for Wives and Daughters  

            6, 1992, 73-6

Brandidn, Emma Karin

     Domestic Performance and Comedy in Cranford

            and Wives and Daughters   24, 2010, 30-46

Brill, Barbara

     'My dear Mr. Norton'   1, 1987, 30-40

Brill, Barbara and Shelston, Alan

     Manchester: 'a behindhand place for books': The

            Gaskells and the Portico Library   5, 1991, 27-36

 

Campbell, Ian

     book reviews   21, 2007, 125-7; 24, 2010, 140-42

     Scottish writers, Elizabeth Gaskell and the Industrial

            Revolution   8, 1994, 98-110

     Seen in passing?   16, 2002, 1-13

Chapple, J. A. V.

     Before 'Crutches and Changed Feelings': five early

            letters by Elizabeth Gaskell (née Stevenson)  

            4, 1990, 1-27

     book reviews   5, 1991, 85-7; 8, 1994, 118-19; 20,

            2006, 127-37; 24, 2010, 135-7

     Early Gaskell scholars (4) Adolphus William Ward                    (1837-1924)   19, 2005, 96-9

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs Yorkshire ghost story   20, 2006,

            115-16

     Life and liberty in Newcastle upon Tyne  

            9, 1995, 66-9

     Two unpublished Gaskell letters from Burrow Hall

            Lancashire   6, 1992, 67-72

     William Stevenson and the Edinburgh literary scene

            8, 1994, 42-53

     William Stevenson and Elizabeth Gaskell   1,1987, 1-9

Chapple, John

     book reviews   7, 1993, 82-4; 21, 2007, 100-114

     Elizabeth Gaskell and Roman Catholicism   20, 2006,

            14-27

     A etangled bankf: Willets, Wedgwood, Darwin and

            Holland families   21, 2007, 95-9

Chapple, John and Shelston, Alan

     Elizabeth Gaskell's correspondence: a supplementary

            edition   13, 1999, 110-11

Chitham, Edward

     Elizabeth Stevenson's schooldays   5, 1991, 1-15

Clarke, Gwen

     book reviews   20, 2006, 137-8; 21, 2007, 116-17;

            24, 2010, 139-40

     A Classic Introduction: introductions from early                                    World Classics editions to the works of Elizabeth                  Gaskell   19, 2005, 1-13

     Gaskell Papers in the John Rylands University Library  

            20, 2006, 1-13

Clausson, Nils

     Romancing Manchester: Class, Gender and the

            Conflicting Genres of Elizabeth Gaskellfs

            North and South   21, 2007, 1-20

Colby, Robin

     Elizabeth Gaskell: a model of motherhood

            11, 1997, 55-67

Collin, Dorothy W.

     Strategies of retrospection and narrative silence in

            Cranford and Cousin Phillis   11, 1997, 25-42

Colloms, Brenda

     "Tottie" Fox, her life and background   5, 1991, 16-26

Colón, Susan see Lynch, Lacy L. and Colón, Susan

Cook, Ruth McDowell

     Women's work as paradigm for autonomy in Gaskell's

            My Lady Ludlow   11, 1997, 68-76

     book review   14, 2000, 112-14

Corley, Liam

     The imperial addiction of  Mary Barton   17, 2003,

            1-11

Costantini, Mariaconcetta

     The Sexton's Hero   11, 1997, 77-85

Craik, Wendy

     Lore and learning in Cousin Phillis (1)  

            3, 1989, 68-80

     Lore, learning and wisdom: workers and education in

            Mary Barton and North and South   2, 1988 13-33

     'Man, vain man' in Susan Ferrier, Margaret Oliphant

            and Elizabeth Gaskell   9, 1995, 55-65

Crofts, Charlotte

     book reviews   10, 1996, 108-10; 11, 1997, 111-13

Cumiskey, Gillian

     book review   10, 1996, 110-13

Cunliffe-Jones, Janet

     book review   23, 2009, 74-5

 

d'Agnillo, Renzo

     book reviews   15, 2001, 84-7; 21, 2007, 127-31

Darby, Margaret Flanders

     book review   15, 2001, 82-4

Debrabant, Mary

     Birds, bees and Darwinian survival strategies in

            Wives and Daughters   16, 2002, 14-29

Dennis, Barbara

     book reviews   20, 2006, 139-41; 22, 2008, 176-8

Dentith, Simon

     Generic diversity in Elizabeth Gaskell's Mary Barton

            11, 1997, 43-54

Dixon, Michael F.

     A very nice American – Gaskellfs enigmatic Mr

            Collier   22, 2008, 86-95

Duthie, Enid

     Echoes of the French Revolution in the work of

            Elizabeth Gaskell   2, 1999, 34-40

 

Easson, Angus

     book reviews   19, 2005, 110-12; 25, 2011, 132-4

     Getting it right: Elizabeth Gaskell and The Life of

            Charlotte Brontë   11, 1997, 1-14

     Going in to Dinner: Elizabeth Gaskell and W. H. 

            Russell at Chatsworth   25, 2011, 112-13

     The Sentiment of feeling: emotions and objects in

            Elizabeth Gaskell   4, 1990, 64-78

     eWe have all of us one human heartf: Elizabeth

            Gaskell and William Wordsworth   24, 2010,

            18-29

Elliott, Kamilla

     The Romance of Politics and the Politics of Romance

            in Elizabeth Gaskellfs Mary Barton   21, 2007,

            21-37

Eve, Jeanette

     Elizabeth Stevenson and Harriet Carr: a note

            5, 1991, 74-6

     The Floral and horticultural in Elizabeth Gaskell's

            novels   7, 1993, 1-15

 

Fielding, K. J.

     The sceptical Carlyles and the Unitarian Mrs Gaskell

            6, 1992, 42-57

Finkelstein, David

     Early nineteenth-century Scottish publishing  

            8, 1994, 77-86

Fitzwilliam, Marie

     Mr Harrison's Confessions: a study of the general

            practitioner's social and professional dis-ease

            12, 1998, 28-36

     The Needle not the pen: fabric (auto)biography in

            Cranford, Ruth and Wives and Daughters

            14, 2000, 1-13

     The Politics behind the angel: separate spheres in

            Elizabeth Gaskell's  Lizzie Leigh   8, 1994, 15-27

Flatt, Jennifer M. Stolpa

     Parallel Ministries: Ruth and Bensonfs Pastoral Work  

            25, 2011, 63-76

Foster, Alison

     A Personal view of the first joint Brontë/Gaskell

            conference   5, 1991, 77-83

Foster, Shirley

     book reviews   12, 1998, 63-5; 13, 1999, 129-30; 17,                  2003, 74n30n, 75n37, 112-13; 18, 2004, 97-9;

            22, 2008, 169-71

     Gaskell in paperback   11, 1997, 96-102

     Space in Gaskellfs landscapes   23, 2009, 1-15

     Violence and Disorder in Elizabeth Gaskellfs Short                    Stories   19, 2005, 14-24

     'We sit and read and dream our time away': Elizabeth

            Gaskell and the Portico Library   14, 2000, 14-23

 

Gilchrist, Marianne McLeod

     The Shaw family of Staten Island: Elizabeth Gaskell's

            American friends   9, 1995, 1-12

Gregg, Howard F.

     book review   20, 2006, 142-3

Guy, Josephine M.

     book review   14, 2000, 123-6

 

Handley, Graham

     book reviews   21, 2007, 120-23; 22, 2008, 163-4

     Elizabeth Gaskell, George Eliot and scenes of clerical

            life   23, 2009, 32-9

     eA Dark Nightfs Workf Reconsidered   21, 2007, 65-72

Hardy, Barbara

     Cousin Phillis: The Art of the Novella   19, 2005,

            25-33

     Two Women: Some Forms of Feeling in North and

            South   25, 2011, 19-29

Hatano, Yoko

     Fanny Price and Molly Gibson: bearers of the country

            house tradition   10, 1996, 92-101

Hedgecock, Liz

     book review   13, 1999, 122-5

Henson, Louise

     The eCondition of Englandf debate and the eNatural                   History of Manfc   16, 2002, 15-47

     History, science and social change: Elizabeth                             Gaskellfs eevolutionaryf narratives   17, 2003,

                        12-33

Hodgson, John

     A Gaskell collection at Canterbury   3, 1989, 42-45

Holstein, Suzy Clarkson

     In harm's way: tolerating intolerance in Elizabeth

            Gaskell's fiction   12, 1998, 46-50

Huber, Caroline

     eHeroic Pioneersf: The Ladies of Cranford   21, 2007,

            38-49

Huett, Lorna

     book review   19, 2005, 114-17

     Commodity and Collectivity: Cranford in the context                  of Household Words   17, 2003, 34-49

Hughes, Linda K.

     book review   23, 2009, 68-71

     Gaskell the Worker   20, 2006, 28-46

Hughes, Linda K. and Lund, Michael

     Becoming Mrs Gaskell   14, 2000, 24-34

Hyde, William J.

     'Poor Frederick' and 'Poor Peter': Elizabeth Gaskell's

            fraternal deviants   9, 1995, 21-6

 

Ingham, Patricia

     book review   23, 2009, 75-8

Inokuma, Keiko

     book review   25, 2011, 124-6

 

Jackson, Betty

     book review   5, 1991, 89-90

Jackson-Houlston, Caroline M.

     book reviews   17, 2003, 116-18; 22, 2008, 174-6

     Cranford: Gaskellfs most radical novel?   23, 2009,

            16-31

     Elizabeth Gaskell, Manchester Song and its contexts

            10, 1996, 27-41

James, Harumi

     book reviews   13, 1999, 132-3; 17, 2003, 110-11; 19,

            2005, 120-22

     Secrecy in Elizabeth Gaskell's Cousin Phillis  

            8, 1994, 28-41

Jansson, Siv

     book reviews   15, 2001, 88-90; 18, 2004, 101-5; 19,                  2005, 108-10; 25, 2011, 130-31

     Elizabeth Gaskell: Writing against the angel in the

            house   10, 1996, 65-76

John, Juliet

     book review   9, 1995, 77-80

Johnston, Judith

     book review   16, 2002, 121-4

Jumeau, Alain

     Elizabeth Gaskell on French literary ladies of the

            seventeenth century: Madame de Sablé and

            Madame de Sévigné   13, 1999, 15-24

 

Kanamaru, Chiyuki

     The Relevance of Gaskell for Japanese readers

            14, 2000, 101-104

Kanda, Tomoko

     Labour Disputes and the City: Manchester and

            Milton-Northern   24, 2010, 47-60

     ePolitics and everyday lifef: Translating eMorton

            Hallf into Japanese   23, 2009, 66-7 

Kellog, David (editor)

     Round the software: post, nostalgia and post-nostalgia

            on the Gaskell discussion list A discussion, by

            gaskell-l and friends   14, 2000, 105-108

Kirkland, Janice K.

     'Curious If True': suggesting more   12, 1998, 21-27

Kranzler, Laura

     Gothic Themes in Elizabeth Gaskellfs Fiction   20,

            2006, 47-59

Kuhlman, Mary Haynes

     book review   19, 1005, 122-5

     Education through experience in North and South

            10, 1996, 14-26

     Gaskell studies and the Internet in 1999  

            14, 2000, 35-44

     A Survey of Gaskell scholarship, or: things written

            recently about Gaskell   13, 1999, 25-35

 

Lambert, Carolyn

     Cross-dressing and interpretation of gender in

            Cranford and eThe Grey Womanf   24, 2010,

            73-84

Larner, A. J.

     A Habit of Headaches: the Neurological Case of

            Elizabeth Gaskell   25, 2011, 97-103

Lawrence, Lindsy

     Gender Play eAt our social tablef: The New

            Domesticity in the Cornhill and Elizabeth

            Gaskellfs Wives and Daughters   22, 2008, 22-41

Leach, Joan

     book review   6, 1992, 84

Leaver, Elizabeth

     What will this world come to? Old ways and

            education in Elizabeth Gaskell's  My Lady

            Ludlow   10, 1996, 53-64

Ledger, Sally

     book review   14, 2000, 109-11

Lesser, Margaret

     book review   22, 2008, 164-6

     Madame Mohl and Mrs Gaskell   13, 1999, 36-53'

Levitan, Kathrin

     Literature, the city and the census: examining the

            social body in Victorian Britain   20, 2006, 60-72

Li, Fang

     North and South: East or West   13, 1999, 1004-5

Lingard, Christine

     book review   4, 1990, 92

     The Gaskell Collection in Manchester Central Library

            2, 1988, 59-75

Logan, Deborah A.

     'An unfit subject for fiction': Elizabeth Gaskell and the

            duty of silence   9, 1995, 27-42

López, Marina Cano

     This is a Feminist Novel: The Paradox of Female

            Passivity in Elizabeth Gaskellfs Ruth   25, 2011,

            30-47

Lund, Michael see Hughes, Linda K. and Lund, Michael

Lynch, Lacy L. and Colón, Susan

     A Weakness, a Sin or a Mind Diseased: A New

            Assessment of Cynthia Kirkpatrick   21, 2007,

            50-64

 

McArthur, Tonya Moutray

     Unwed orders: religious communities for women in                    the works of Elizabeth Gaskell   17, 2003, 59-76

Mack, Douglas S.

     James Hogg, Elizabeth Gaskell and the tradition of

            oral storytelling   8, 1994, 70-76

McLean, Thomas

     Two new Elizabeth Gaskell Letters from New

            Zealand   24, 2010, 128-30  

Marroni, Francesco

     Elizabeth Gaskell and the art of the novel  

            2, 1988, 93-96

     Gaskell studies in Italy   1, 1987, 41-7

     The Shadow of Dante: Elizabeth Gaskell and The

            Divine Comedy   10, 1996, 1-13

Marshall, Rosemary

     book review   15, 2001, 91-2

Matsuoka, Mitsuharu

     Articles in the Gaskell Society Journal, Volumes 1-12

            13, 1999, 118-21

     Gaskellfs strategies of silence in eThe Half Brothersf                 17, 2003, 50-58

     Gaskell studies and the Internet   11, 1997, 86-95

Maunder, Andrew

     Mary Barton goes to London: Elizabeth Gaskell,

            Stage Adaptations and the Working Class

            Audience   25, 2011, 1-18

Melchers, Gunnel

     Gaskell scholars re-discovered: (2) Aina Rubenius 17,

            2003, 104-8

Menhennet, Alan

     A Goethe reference in Cranford   8, 1994, 111-12

Millard, Kay

     The Religion of Elizabeth Gaskell   15, 2001, 1-13

Milne, Maurice

     The Changing Title of Mary Barton   21, 2007, 92-4

Moore, Sarina Gruver

     Courts obscure: the architectural shaping of identity

             in eLibbie Marshfs Three Erasf   20, 2006, 73-90

Moran, Mary Jeanette

     A Word or Two here about Myselff: Narrative

            Subjectivity and Feminist Ethics in Cranford   22,

            2008, 10-21

Morris, Emily Jane

     eReady to hear and helpf: Female agency and the

            reclamation of the fallen woman in Elizabeth

            Gaskellfs eLizzie Leighf   23, 2009, 40-53

Morse, Deborah Deneholz

     Haunting memories of the English Civil War in

            Elizabeth Gaskellfs Morton Hall and Lois the

            Witch   24, 2010, 85-99

 

Nagase, Hisako

     book review   16, 2002, 116-19

 

Ohno, Tatsuhiro

     book review   15, 2001,87-8

     Dramatic Irony in Ruth   21, 2007, 86-90

     Is Mary Barton an industrial novel?   15, 2001, 14-29

     Statistical Analysis of North and South: In the Quest

            for the Standard Interpretation   22, 2008, 116-44

     The structure of Ruth   18, 2004, 16-36

     Sylvia's Lovers: A translator's note   13, 1999, 106-7

 

Paice, Rosamund A.

     book review   16, 2002, 124-8

Parker, Pam

     'The Power of Giving': Elizabeth Gaskell's Ruth and

            the politics of benevolence   13, 1999, 54-68

Pearson, Jacqueline

     book reviews   8, 1994, 115-18; 13, 1999, 131-2

Pittock, Malcolm

     Hood for Boz in eOur Society at Cranfordf   24,

            2010, 61-72

Platizky, Roger S.

     Mary Barton and Frankenstein   10, 1996, 83-91

Pollard, Arthur

     Elizabeth Gaskell's young women   6, 1992, 1-14

     Faith and family: Fundamental values in Mary Barton

            3, 1989, 1-5

Poole, Robert

     eA poor Man I knowf: Samuel Bamford and the

            making of Mary Barton   22, 2008, 96-115

Pryke, Jo

     book reviews   11, 1997, 108-11; 15, 2001, 94; 21,

            2007, 117-20

     Gaskell scholars re-discovered: (1) Annette B.

             Hopkins   15, 2001, 64-7

     The Treatment of political economy in North and

             South   4, 1990, 28-39

     The view from America: Annette Hopkins and                             Elizabeth Gaskell   16, 2002, 48-63

     Wales and the Welsh in Gaskell's fiction: sex, sorrow

            and sense   13, 1999, 69-84

 

Rack, Henry D.

     book review   6, 1992, 81-3

Recchio, Thomas E.

     Cranford and "The lawe of kynde"   1, 1987, 10-26

     The Pinkerton and Jenkyns sisters: a literary source

            for Cranford   2, 1988, 76-80

     A Victorian version of the Fall: Mrs Gaskell's Cousin

            Phillis and the domestication of myth  

            5, 1991, 37-50

Rose, Michael E.

     book review   4, 1990, 95

Ruddick, Bill

     book review   5, 1991, 84-5

     George Du Maurier: illustrator and interpreter of

            Mrs Gaskell   1, 1987, 48-70

 

Sanders, Andrew

     book review   12, 1998, 61-3

     A Crisis of liberalism in North and South  

            10, 1996, 42-52

     Serialising Gaskell: from Household Words to The

            Cornhill   14, 2000, 45-58

     Varieties of religious experience in Sylvia's Lovers

            6, 1992, 15-24

Sanders, Valerie

     book reviews   17, 2003, 123-5; 25, 2011, 119-21

     Harriet Martineau and Elizabeth Gaskell   16, 2002,                  64-75

Secord, Anne

     Elizabeth Gaskell and the Artisan Naturalists of                                     Manchester   19, 2005, 34-51

Sharps, Heather

     Elizabeth Gaskell and Sir James P Kay-Shuttleworth -

            a literary relationship   11, 1997, 15-24

Sharps, John Geoffrey

     book reviews   8, 1994, 120-22; 10, 1996, 113-14

     'The Half-Brothers': a resurrectionist note  

            8, 1994, 111

     A Presidential perspective: retrospective and

            prospective   8, 1994, 123-5

Shattock, Joanne

     The new Complete Edition of the works of Elizabeth                   Gaskell   19, 2005, 100-106

     Women's work: Victorian women writers and the

            press   14, 2000, 59-72

Shaw, Marion

     book review   23, 2009, 71-3

     Elizabeth Gaskell, Tennyson and the fatal return:

            Sylvia's Lovers and Enoch Arden   9, 1995, 43-54

     Sylviafs Lovers, then and now   18, 2004, 37-49

Shelston, Alan

     Alligators infesting the stream: Elizabeth Gaskell and

            the USA   15, 2001, 53-63

     book reviews   1, 1987, 71-2; 2, 1988, 103-4;

            3, 1989, 81-2; 4, 1990, 92-3; 6, 1992, 79-81;

            7, 1993, 80-82; 8, 1994, 113-15; 9, 1995, 81-3;

            10, 1996, 105-7; 12, 1998, 67-8; 13, 1999, 125-7;

            14, 2000, 115-18; 15, 2001, 79-82; 16, 2002,

            128-30; 17, 2003, 113-15, 123; 19, 2005, 117-20;

            20, 2006, 144-5; 22, 2008, 161-2; 23, 2009,

            79-80; 25, 2011, 134-6

     Education in the Life and Work of Elizabeth Gaskell 

            22, 2008, 56-71

     Elizabeth Gaskell and the Crimean War   22, 2003,

            54-63

     Elizabeth Gaskell's Manchester (1)   3, 1989, 46-67

     From Cranford to the Conspirators of Naples: Gaskell

            and the Secret Society of the Camorra   25, 2011,

            104-11

     From Cranford to The Country of the Pointed Firs:                     Elizabeth Gaskellfs American publication and the                        works of Sarah Orne Jewett   17, 2003, 77-91

     John Geoffrey Sharps (1936-2006): Obituary   20,

            2006, 122-4

     eThe Moorland Cottagef: Elizabeth Gaskell and Myles

            Birket Foster   2,1988, 41-58

     Opportunity and anxiety: Elizabeth Gaskell and the

            development of the railway system   40, 2006,

            91-101

     Professor Francesco Marroni   17, 2003, 109

     see also Brill, Barbara and Shelston, Alan; Chapple,                   John and Shelston, Alan

Silvey, Jane

     book review   22, 2008, 166-9

     It all began with Jane Eyre: the complex transatlantic                web of women writers   19, 2005, 52-68

Skrine, Celia (editor)

     Six Weeks at Heppenheim seen from Heppenheim

            12, 1998, 55-8

Skrine, Peter

     book review   24, 2010, 131-2

     Elizabeth Gaskell and her German stories  

            12,1998, 1-13

     Fanny Lewald and Mrs Gaskell   4, 1990, 52-6

     Mrs Gaskell and Germany   7, 1993, 37-49

     Goethe and Emerson in Elizabeth Gaskellfs                                Manchester   19, 2005, 69-85

     Our links with French Gaskell scholars  

            13, 1999, 116-17

Slater, Rosalind

     The Novelist's use of dialect   8, 1994, 87-97

Smith, Margaret

     book review   15, 2001, 71-8

     Mrs Gaskell as a humourist   4, 1990, 79-91

Smith, Muriel

     Lines from Ludwig Uhland: a note   11, 1997, 103-4

     Mr Hale and his conscience   9, 1995, 69-71

Smith, Valerie

     Fact or fiction, the acid test: Gaskell, Mary Barton

            and vitriol   12, 1998, 37-45

Smith, Walter E.

     A trip to Scarborough and some letters: An informal

            remembrance of John Geoffrey Sharps   22, 2008,

            1-9  

     Four states of the printed endpapers in Mrs Gaskell's

            Ruth   12, 1998, 51-4

Spencer, Jane

     Mary Barton  and Thomas Carlyle   2, 1988,1-12

Stiles, Peter

     Calvin's encounter with Cinderella: vital antinomies

            in Elizabeth Gaskellfs 'Curious If True'   12,

            1998,14-20

     Grace, redemption and the 'fallen woman': Ruth and

            Tess of the D'Urbervilles   6, 1992, 58-66

Stolpa, Jennifer

     Whatfs in a name: Echoes of biblical women in  

            Elizabeth Gaskellfs Ruth   18, 2004, 50-64

Stoneman, Patsy

     Elizabeth Gaskell and 'maternal thinking' (1)  

            2, 1988, 81-92

     Wives and Daughters on television   14, 2000, 85-100

Styler, Rebecca

     book reviews   22, 2008, 172-4; 25, 2011, 221-3

     eLois the Witchf: A Unitarian Tale   21, 2007, 73-85

Summers, Mary

     book review   24, 2010, 132-5

Sutherland, Kathryn

     book reviews   2, 1988, 99-101; 4, 1990, 93-5;

            9, 1995, 80-81

Swenson, Kristine

     Protection or restriction? Women's labour in Mary

            Barton   7, 1993, 50-66

Swinden, Patrick

     book review   14, 2000, 119-23

 

Tahira, Mariko

     The translation of Elizabeth Gaskellfs short stories

            and non-fiction writing into Japanese   23, 2009,

            64-5

Thwaite, Mary

     book review   8, 1994, 119

     Elizabeth Gaskell and Italy   4, 1990, 57-63

Tillotson, Kathleen

     Anne Thackeray Ritchie and Mary Barton   9, 1995,                    71

Tollefson, Loretta Miles

     eControlled Transgressionf: Ruthfs Death and the

            Unitarian Concept of Sin   25, 2011, 48-62

Tomaiuolo, Saverio

     book review   18, 2004, 105-8

Toussaint-Thiriet, Benjamine

     eThe Heart of John Middletonf: a pilgrimfs progress                  towards a new, feminized Christianity   18, 2004,                      65-80

Twinn, Fran[ces]

     book review   24, 2010, 145-7

     Navigational pitfalls and topographical constraints in

            Sylvia's Lovers   15, 2001, 38-52

 

Uffelman, Larry K.

     Early Gaskell Scholars (5) Sanders and Northrup  

            20, 2006, 117-21

     Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South: the novel in

            progress   14, 2000, 73-84

     From eMartha Prestonf to eHalf a Life-Time Agof:

            Elizabeth Gaskell rewrites a story   17, 2003,

            92-103

     From serial to 'novel': Elizabeth Gaskell assembles

            Round the Sofa   15, 2001, 30-37

     To Cranford via Philadelphia   19, 2005, 86-95

Uglow, Jenny

     book reviews   17, 2003, 119-21; 24, 2010, 137-9

Unsworth, Anna

     Elizabeth Gaskell and German romanticism  

            8, 1994, 1-14

     Ruskin and Cousin Phillis   10, 1996, 77-82

     Some social themes in Wives and Daughters: (1):

            Education, science and heredity   4, 1990, 40-51

     Some social themes in Wives and Daughters: (2):

            The social values of the 1860's and 'Old England'

            compared   5, 1991, 51-61

 

Waters, Mary

     Elizabeth Gaskell, Mary Wollstonecraft and the

            conduct books; Mrs Gibson as the product of a

            conventional education in  Wives and Daughters

            9, 1995, 13-20

Watkins, Anne

     book review   24, 2010, 147-8

Watson, Dick

     Heroes and Heroines in Sylviafs Lovers   18, 2004,                    81-94

Weyant, Nancy

     book review   24, 2010, 142-5

Wheeler, Michael

     Elizabeth Gaskell and Unitarianism   6, 1992, 25-41

     Two tales of Manchester life   3, 1989,6-28

White, Rebecca

     eA Joke spoken in a rather sad tonef: Cranford,

            humour, and Heidi Thomasfs television

            adaptation   22, 2008, 45-60

Whitehead, Barbara

     book reviews   8 1994, 120; 9, 1995, 83-5

Williams, Dewi

     The Death of Willy Gaskell   13, 1999, 108-9

Williams, Elizabeth

     book reviews   15, 2001, 92-4; 18, 2004, 112-13; 19,

            2005, 113-14; 21, 2007, 114-15

     The Visual Life of Elizabeth Gaskell: Tatsuhiro                          Ohnofs web site   19, 2005, 107

Williams, Victoria

     Gaskell as Scheherazade: Fairytale themes in  

            Cousin Phillis and North and South   24, 2010,

            100-114

Wilson, Anita C.

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs subversive Icon: motherhood and

            childhood in Ruth   16, 2002, 85-111

     Mother and writer: a study of Elizabeth Gaskell's

            diary   7, 1993, 67-79

Wiltshire, Irene

     book reviews   11, 1997, 105-9; 16, 2002, 112-16

Wood, Sharon L.

     book review   2, 1988, 102-3

Wright, Edgar

     My Lady Ludlow: forms of social change and

            forms of fiction (1)  3, 1989, 29-41

Wyatt, John

     The Inoffensive Philanthropist, the way of humility in

            North and South   20, 2006, 102-14

Wyke, Terry

     The Culture of self improvement: real people in

            Mary Barton   13, 1999, 85-103

 

Yallop, Jacqueline

     book review   18, 2004, 108-12

Yamawaki, Yuriko

     An early Gaskell scholar remembered. Professor                        Stanton Whitfield   18, 2004, 95-6

     Gaskell studies in Japan   2, 1988, 96-7

Yan, Shu Chuan

     Geography and working-class women in Mary Barton

            and Sylviafs Lovers   16, 2002, 76-84

Yarrow, P. J.

     The Chronology of Cranford   1, 1987, 27-9

     Mrs Gaskell and Newcastle upon Tyne  

            5, 1991, 62-73

Yarrow, Philip

     Mrs Gaskell and France   7, 1993, 16-36

     Mrs Gaskell and France: a postscript   15, 2001,

            68-70

Yatsugi, Aya

     Gaskellfs historical novels: Reactions to the period  

            24, 2010, 115-27

 

Zakreski, Patricia

     book review   18, 2004, 99-101

 

Subject Index

 

Abbot, Revfd John C.

     The Mother at Homec   16, 2002, 88

Abel, Elizabeth, Hirsch, Marianne and Langland,

     Elizabeth (eds)

     The Voyage In: Fictions of Female Development

            21, 2007, 49n9

eAn Accursed Racef (short story)   7, 1993, 24, 30; 15,        2001, 33-4, 35, 37n2; 17, 2003, 18-20; 19, 2005,

     18-19; 24, 2010, 120; 25, 2011, 106

Ackroyd, Peter

     Dickens   24, 2010, 71n9, 72nn12-13

acting see the stage

Acton, Elizabeth   25, 2011, 78

Acton, William

     Prostitution   7, 1993, 54

Adams, Abigail

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   15, 2001, 59

Adams, Sarah Mrs William Bridges Adams see

     Flower, Sarah

Adam, Adolphe   2, 1988, 39n5

Adams, William Bridges   5, 1991, 17

Addams, Jane   16, 2002, 51, 54

Adelaide, Queen   1, 1987, 28

Adhead, Joseph

     Distress in Manchester   19, 2005, 51n51

adult education   15, 2001, 8

     mechanics institutes   7, 1993, 57, 58, 61, 64n5; 13,

            1991, 86, 98, 102n44, n46; 15, 2001, 8; 16, 2002,

            36

     self-improvement   13, 1999, 85-103; 16, 2002, 31, 36

     see also working class education

advertising   17, 2003, 34-5; 20, 2006, 41, 42

Agassiz, Louis   16, 2002, 16

agricultural workers see farm workers

agriculture see farmers/farming

Aidé, Hamilton   14, 2000, 17

     Carr of Carrlyon   14, 2000, 18

     Ritac   14, 2000, 17-18

Ainsworth, W. Harrison: Rookwood, stage adaptation  

     25, 2011, 7

Alcock, Samuel   6, 1992, 67

Alcock, Susanna Harriet née Robberds (Samuel Alcockfs

      wife)   6, 1992, 67

Alcott, Bronson   6, 1992, 47, 53

Alcott, Louisa May

     on Life of Charlotte Brontë   19, 2005, 65

     Journalsc   19, 2005, 68n65

     The Pickwick Portfolio   18, 2004, 10

Alexander, Christine   8, 1994, 70; 18, 2004, 14n25

     on Charlotte Brontë   18, 2004, 13

     Edition of the Early Writings of Charlotte Brontë   8,

            1994, 60, 69n14; 18, 204, 13n9, 14nn14-15

Alexander, Christine and McMasters, Juliet (editors)

     The Child Writerc   18, 2004, 14n27

Alexander, Christine and Smith, Margaret

     The Oxford Companion to the Brontës   18, 2004,                       13n2, 14n16

Algiers   5, 1991, 22, 24; 15, 2001, 54

alibi, use of   21, 2007, 23

     in Mary Barton   21, 2007, 23, 24, 26, 33-4

Alice Durand and the Missing Bracelets (play)   25, 2011,

     7, 13

All the Year Round   4, 1990, 61; 7, 1993, 76n2; 12,             1998, 4; 14, 2000, 56-7; 18, 2004, 10; 20, 2006, 42;

     25, 2011, 80, 81, 83-4, 104-5

     anonymity of articles published in   25, 2011, 108

     Christmas Extra issues   20, 2006, 5, 36, 38; 25, 2011,

        83-4

     Wilkie Collins: Woman in White published in   25,

        2011, 104

     Charles Dickens: Tale of Two Cities published in

        25, 2011, 83, 104, 105

     Elizabeth Gaskell published in   25, 2011, 83-4, 85,

        104, 106

     as Household Words, replacement of   25, 2011, 104  

     political coverage   25, 2011, 104, 105, 106

     price of   25, 2011, 83

     readers   25, 2011, 104

     sales figures   25, 2011, 83

     short stories published in   4, 1990, 58-9; 19, 2005,                     102; 20, 2006, 5-6, 29, 30, 33, 35, 37, 41; 21,

            2007, 65, 100

Allan, James   16, 2002, 30

Allan, Janet   2, 1988, 57n7; 4, 1990, 61; 5, 1991, 35n1

Allen, D. E.

     The Naturalist in Britain   13, 1999, 100n6

Allman, George   16, 2002, 16, 30

Allott, Miriam

     The Brontësc   18, 2004, 14n17

Altick, Richard D.   25, 2011, 1, 14, 16n1

     The English Common Reader   5, 1991, 35n3; 20,

            2006, 45n8; 22, 2008, 75

American Civil War, 1861-5   1, 1987, 36, 37, 38;

     4, 1990, 60; 5, 1991, 52; 9, 1995, 1, 3; 15, 2001,

     59-60; 16, 2002, 51; 17, 2003, 81-2; 18, 2004, 41, 42;

     20, 2006, 10; 22, 2008, 88; 23, 2009, 55, 61

     Britain and   15, 2001, 60-61; 16, 2002, 43

     British opposition to   18, 2004, 42

     Robert Collyer and   22, 2008, 91

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs interest in   22, 2008, 92

     opinions on   15, 2001, 57-8, 61

     Robert Gould Shaw and   9, 1995, 3-8; 15, 2001,

            59-60; 19, 2005, 102; 22, 2008, 88-9; 23, 2009,

            55

American Indians   19, 2005, 93-4; 21, 2007, 79, 81, 82,

     83, 102

     depicted in eLois the Witchf   21, 2007, 102

American literature

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs knowledge of   21, 2007, 102

     see also individual authors

American Unitarianism   6, 1992, 26, 28, 47, 53, 54,

     56n14; 9, 1995, 2; 12, 1998, 15; 15, 2001, 56, 60;

     16, 2002, 51; 21, 2007, 81-2; 22, 2008, 86, 88, 89,

     90-91, 93n3, 94n26

     see also United States

American War of Independence (American Revolution)      (1812-14)   19, 2005, 91, 92-3

Ames, Mrs Rebecca   6, 1992, 48, 50

analogy, use of   21, 2007, 23, 37n11

     in eA Dark Nightfs Workf   21, 2007, 67

     in Mary Barton   21, 2007, 23

Anderson, Amanda

     Tainted Souls c   23, , 2009, 52nn16-17

Anderson, Harriet (Mrs Matthew Anderson) see Carr,

     Harriet

Anderson, Matthew   6, 1992, 67

Anglican Sisters (Religious Order)   17, 2003, 64

Anglicanism   6, 1992, 29; 19, 2005, 38

     female deaconesses   25, 2011, 63

     the Litany 6, 1992, 29-30

     see also religion

Annals of Natural History   17, 2003, 30

The Annual Register c 1838   24, 2010, 49, 50, 58n18

anthropology   16, 2002, 33-4, 40-41

     see also ethnology

Anti-Corn Law League   23, 2009, 59

antiquarian studies   1, 1987, 1-2

Apothecaries Act 1815   22, 2008, 73, 84n8

Appleton & Co., New York (publishers)   19, 2005, 55

The Arabian Nights   25, 2011, 21

Arbuckle, Elisabeth Sanders

     Harriet Martineaufs Letters to Fanny Wedgwood   16,

            2002, 68, 75n17, 75nn20-21, 75n23; 21, 2007,

            113n3

Arch, Joseph   5, 1991, 7; 22, 2008, 63

     Joseph Arch: the Story of his Life (The Autobiography

            of Joseph Arch)   22, 2008, 63-4

architecture see housing conditions

archives/family papers   24, 2010, 2-3, 10

     Jamison Family Papers, John Rylands Library   24,

            2010, 1-17

     see also Gaskell scholarship/studies, source material;

            letter writing

Arianism   15, 2001, 2-3, 4

     see also religion

Arndt, Ernst Moritz   19, 2005, 85n28

Arnim, Bettina von   8, 1994, 9

     Goethes Briefwechsel mit einen Kind   19, 2005, 75

Arnold, David

     The Problem of Nature   16, 2002, 83n8

Arnold, Matthew   16, 2002, 12; 19, 2005, 62

     his correspondence   19, 2005, 75

     Culture and Anarchy   22, 2008, 62

     Letters ofc   19, 2005, 84n15

     eThe Scholar-Gipsyf   19, 2005, 62

Arnold, Dr Thomas (of Rugby)   4, 1990, 46, 50n4;

     10, 1996, 78-9; 19, 2005, 62; 22, 2008, 58, 66, 71n26

Arnold, Mrs Thomas   8, 1994, 8

Arnold, William Thomas   19, 2005, 96

The Art Journal   2, 1988, 54n1

Arthurian legend   24, 2010, 110, 114n24

     see also fairytales

artisans see working classes

artists see individual artists; painters/painting

Ashley, Lord see Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper,      7th Earl of Shaftesbury

Ashley, Michael

     Mrs Gaskellfs Talesc   12, 1998, 21

Ashton, Mary see Potter, Mary

Ashton, Rosemary (editor)

     Versatile Victorianc   19, 2005, 84n13

Ashton, Samuel (Thomas Ashtonfs father)   3, 1989, 17

Ashton, Thomas   12, 1998, 39

     murder of   3, 1989, 15, 16-21, 22, 24

Astaldi, Maria Luisa

     La signora Gaskell   1, 1987, 43-4

Athenaeum   14, 2000, 31; 18, 2004, 79n11; 22, 2008, 81;

     24, 2010, 52

Atkinson, Lieutenant William   18, 2004, 38; 24, 2010,

            120-21

The Atlantic Monthly   1, 1987, 36; 17, 2003, 86; 25,

     2011, 83

     Charles Eliot Norton published in   1, 1987, 39, 40;

            4, 1990, 59; 21, 2007, 102, 113n2

atonement, for sin   6, 1992, 59-60, 62, 64, 66n12

     doctrine of   15, 2001, 5-6

     for the fallen woman   5, 1991, 37-9; 23, 2009, 44-5;

            25, 2011, 48, 49, 50, 51-2, 61n19

     Unitarian concept of   21, 2007, 85n6

     see also sin

Atwood, Margaret

     Surfacing   8, 1994, 71-2

Auerbach, Berthold   4, 1990, 54

     Die Frau Professorin   12, 1998, 13n14

     Village Talesc   7, 1993, 43  

Auerbach, Nina   23, 2009, 18, 23

     Communities of Womenc   1, 1987, 19; 17, 2003, 59,                 68, 73n5, 75n47; 21, 2007, 38

     Romantic Imprisonment   9, 1995, 39

     on Ruth   25, 2011, 30, 45n3

     Women and the Demon   6, 1992, 65n1

Austen, Jane   4, 1990, 66-8; 21, 2007, 38-9; 23, 2009,

     16, 21-2, 26; 24, 2010, 125n2, 125n7

     James Stanier Clarke, correspondence with   24,

            2010, 116

     Emma   4, 1990, 67, 88, 90, 91n7; 17, 2003, 53; 23,

            2009, 26

     D. W. Harding on   23, 2009, 21, 30n22

     headaches depicted in her novels   25, 2011, 97, 101,

        103n6

     Mansfield Park   4, 1990, 67; 10, 1996, 92-101; 13,

            1999, 68n18; 21, 2007, 62n2

     Northanger Abbey   18, 2004, 8; 20, 2006, 48; 25,

        2011, 19

     Pride and Prejudice   21, 2007, 2-3, 6-7, 13; North

             and South, similarities with   21, 2007, 3, 7, 18,

            18n6; Mark Schorerfs edition   21, 2007, 18n3

     on womenfs education   9, 1995, 13; 15, 2001, 8

Austin, Sarah   19, 2005, 84n14

     Characteristics of Goethe   19, 2005, 84n14

Australia

     women writers in   18, 2004, 11-13

Australian aborigines   16, 2002, 33; 18, 2004, 12

     see also ethnology

author construct/intention

     in North and South   22, 2008, 116-17, 125-6, 138,

            143n48

authors

     networking by   25, 2011, 78

     women as see women writers

authorsf payments   17, 2003, 79, 90n7; 19, 2005, 88; 20,

     2006, 34, 35, 37, 40-41, 43; 25, 2011, 81, 83, 85

autobiography

     female   14, 2000, 1-13

     fictionalization of   14, 2000, 2-3

     spiritual   14, 2000, 1, 2, 12n6

auto-didacts see self-improvement

autograph collections, Elizabeth Gaskellfs   20, 2006, 2,

     11; 23, 2009, 5

Avery, Gillian

     Childhoodfs Patternc   16, 2002, 93, 110nn25-7,

            110n33

Axon, William E. A. (editor)

     Annals of Manchester   3, 1989, 19, 20, 21

     Artisan Naturalistsc   13, 1999, 100n5 

Axon, William E. A. and Axon, Ernest

     Gaskell Bibliographyc   2, 1988, 59

 

Bachelard, Gaston

     The Poetics of Space   20, 2006, 84, 90n38         

Bagehot, Walter   9, 1995, 51, 54n8

Bailey, Peter   25, 2011, 13, 18n42

Bailin, Miriam: The Sickroom in Victorian Fiction   25,

     2011, 89, 95n6

Baker, Frances

     eElizabeth Gaskell: The Ghost in the Garden Roomf

            (M. Phil. thesis)   20, 2006, 45n23

Baker, Sir Thomas

     Memorials of a Dissenting Chapel   6, 1992, 67

Baker, William and Womack, Kenneth (editors)

     A Companion to the Victorian Novel   18, 2004, 14n25

Bakewell, Robert   17, 2003, 32n23

Bakhtin, Mikhail

     on genre   11, 1997, 43-4, 47, 52

     Speech Genresc   11 1997, 53n1

Baldick, Chris

     In Frankensteinfs Shadowc   10, 1996, 83, 87; 11,                     1997, 44-5

ballads see songs and ballads

Ballantyne, James   8, 1994, 81, 82

Balzac, Honoré de   7, 1993, 30-31

     Eugénie Grandet   7, 1993, 31; 15, 2001, 70

Bamford, Ann (Samuel Bamfordfs daighter)   22, 2008,

     110

     death   22, 2008, 105-7

Bamford, Jemima (eMimaf)   22, 2008, 97, 104, 107, 110

Bamford, Samuel   3, 1989, 58; 10, 1996, 34-6; 13, 1999,

     85, 88-9, 97-8, 103n50; 19, 2005, 43, 45, 48; 22, 2008,

     96-115

     appearance   22, 2008, 102, 107

     Autobiography, ed. W. E. A. Chambers   22, 2008,

            113n38

     on the Bible   22, 2008, 110

     Jane Welsh Carlyle and   22, 2008, 98, 101, 102

     Thomas Carlyle and   22, 2008, 98, 101-2, 108-9,

            111n8

     Chartism and   22, 2008, 97-8

     on class distinction   19, 2005, 45-6

     correspondence   22, 2008, 97; see also individual

            correspondents

     criticism of/attacks on   22, 2008, 107, 108

     death   22, 2008, 97, 98

     The Dialect of South Lancashire   22, 2008, 98, 100,

            108; second edition   22, 2008, 109

     his Diary   22, 2008, 115n68, 115n71

     Charles Dickens on   22, 2008, 98

     Early Days   22, 2008, 98, 102, 107-8

     John Forster and   22, 2008, 97, 108-9, 111n8

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   20, 2006, 7;

            22, 2008, 103, 107

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   22, 2008, 99, 101-7, 109

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs use of his poetry   20, 2006, 73,

            88n3

     William Gaskell and   22, 2008, 100, 101, 113n31

     The Ghost of Tim Bobbin (anon. satire on Bamford

            attrib. to George Richardson)   22, 2008, 108,

            115n68

     eGod help the poorf   2, 1988, 5; 3, 1989, 18-19; 10,

            1996, 36; 11, 1997, 50-51; 13, 1999,             89; 20,

            2006, 73; 22, 2008, 96, 97, 99, 107

     John Harland, correspondence with   22, 2008, 100,

            108

     Homely Rhymes   10, 1996, 35-6

     Hours in the Bowers   10, 1996, 35; 22, 2008, 99

     William Howitt and   22, 2008, 99, 112n17; in his

            A Man of the People   22, 2008, 112n17

     imprisonment   22, 2008, 97, 106, 110

     as a journalist   22, 2008, 97, 98, 109

     eLament for my Daughterf   22, 2008, 105-6

     on the Lancashire dialect   22, 2008, 98, 100, 101, 108,

            109, 112n24

     life   22, 2008, 97-8, 104, 111n6, 113n38

     in London, working for Inland Revenue   22, 2008, 98,

            106, 108-9, 110

     on Mary Barton   19, 2005, 46; 20, 2006, 7; 22, 2008,

            103, 105, 108

     Mary Barton, his poetry quoted in   20, 2006, 73; 22,

            2008, 96, 97, 107

     Mary Barton, his poetry quoted in   22, 2008, 96, 97,

            107

     Mary Barton, his role in   22, 2008, 96-7, 99, 100-101,

            102, 107, 109-11

     Miscellaneous Poetry   10, 1996, 35

     as a parish constable   22, 2008, 107

     Passages in the Life of a Radical   2, 1988, 4-5; 13,                    1999, 89, 101n19; 19, 2005, 50n28; 22, 2008, 63,

            97-8, 101-2, 110; William Henry Brockettfs copy 

            22, 2008, 111n7

     Poems   22, 2008, 98, 113n52

     as a poet   22, 2008, 97, 99, 112n19

     as a radical   22, 2008, 97, 98, 110-11

     eA Scene in North Lancashiref   22, 2008, 110

     Samuel Smiles on   22, 2008, 112n17

     testimonial fund for   22, 2008, 98, 108, 115n68

     eTim Bobbinfs gravef   22, 2008, 99

     The Traveller (unfinished novel)   22, 2008, 98

     eThe Two Judgmentsf   19, 2005, 45-6

     Walks in South Lancashire   19, 2005, 50n35; 22,

            2008, 98, 110

     working class settings, use of   20, 2006, 73, 74

bank holidays   3, 1989, 58

Banks, Isabella   4, 1990, 48

Banks-Smith, Nancy   14, 2000, 94, 98

Barbauld, Anna Laetitia   25, 2011, 60

Barford see Byerleyfs school, Barford

Baring, Lady Harriet   19, 2005, 70

Barker, Juliet

     The Brontës   11, 1997, 3, 13nn4-5; 16, 2002, 75n22;

            20, 2006, 25n8, 26n23

Barlow, Linda   21, 2007, 7-8, 9, 12

Barnard, Robert

     book review   17, 2003, 121-2

Barreca, Regina

     Untamed and Unabashed   24, 2010, 33, 44

Barrell, John

     The Idea of Landscapec   7, 1993, 15n13

Barrett, Elizabeth see Browning, Elizabeth Barrett

Barthes, Roland   14, 2000, 86, 90; 21, 2007, 24

Bartholomew, Michael   21, 2007, 85n12

Bartholomes (publisher)   8, 1994, 85

Basch, Françoise

     Relative Creatures c   2, 1988, 82; 11, 1997, 69; 18,                  2004, 33n30, 35n80; 21, 2007, 90n10; 23, 2009,

            51n13

Bataille, George

     Visions of Excess   13, 1999, 56, 64, 65

battered women see domestic violence

Baxter, Richard   10, 1996, 45

Baym, Nina   11, 1997, 55

     Womanfs Fictionc   19, 2005, 54

Beach, John   5, 1991, 6

Beadle and Company, New York (publishers)   17, 2003,    81-2

Beard, Revfd John Relly   20, 2006, 24

     The Confessionalc   27n40

beauty

     John Ruskin on   13, 1999, 2, 5, 14n7

Beazley, Elisabeth

     Maddocks and the Wonder of Wales   13, 1999, 83n11

Bede, Cuthbert

     The Adventures of Mr Verdant Green   22, 2008,

            71n27

Beeching, Jack

     The Chinese Opium Wars   17, 2003, 10nn6-7

Beer, Gillian

     Darwinfs Plotsc   16, 2002, 14, 19-20

Beeton, Isabella   22, 2008, 22, 30

Belgravia Magazine

     [Mary] Elizabeth Braddon as editor   21, 2007, 100,

            101

Bell, A. S.   19, 2005, 99n9

Bell, Alan

     Sydney Smith   1, 1987, 2

Bell, Acton see Brontë, Anne

Bell, Currer see Brontë, Charlotte

Bell, Ellis see Brontë, Emily

George Bell (publisher)   19, 2005, 5

Bell, Vanessa (née Stephen)   18, 2004, 10

Belloc, Louise   19, 2005, 98

Bellfs Weekly Messenger   25, 2011, 12, 18nn35-9

Belsham, Thomas   8, 1994, 7; 15 2001, 4

Benedetti, Jean

     Gilles de Raisc   12, 1998, 27n8

benevolence see charity/charitable works

Bentley (publisher)   14, 2000, 15-16, 17

Bentley, Eric

     The Life of the Drama   11, 1987, 85n13

Bentleyfs Miscellany

     Katharine Thompson published in   22, 2008, 79,

            83n6, 85n23, 85n25

Berardi, Rosario   1, 1987, 44

Bergerm John

     Ways of Seeing   22, 2008, 21n16

Berridge, Virginia

     Opium and the People c   17, 2003, 11n12

Bersani, Leo

     The Freudian Body   25, 2011, 47n33

     on masochism   25, 2011, 41, 43, 47n33

Berwick, Stephen (pseud.)   2, 1988, 9

eBessyfs Troubles at Homef (short story)   18, 2004,           79n13; 20, 2006, 34; 25, 2011, 82-3

Bewick, Thomas   1, 1987, 48; 2, 1988, 48

the Bible/biblical allusions   3, 1989, 33; 20, 2006, 33-4,

     86; 22, 2008, 52, 65, 110

     Samuel Bamford on   22, 2008, 110

     in Cousin Phillis   3, 1989, 72-5; 22, 2008, 65

     in Cranford   21, 2007, 40

     in eThe Heart of John Middletonf   18, 2004, 73-4

     in eLois the Witchf   21, 2007, 80, 101

     in Mary Barton   2, 1988, 14, 15, 16-17, 21, 29; 6,                      1992, 32, 35-6; 8, 1994, 11; 13, 1999, 90

     in North and South   2, 1998, 22-3, 29; 25, 2011, 28

     in Ruth   6, 1992, 36-9, 58; 18, 2004, 50-51, 53, 54-5,                 60; 21, 2007, 89; 25, 2011, 57-8, 59, 74

     in Sylviafs Lovers   6, 1992, 20-22

     typological study of   18, 2004, 72

ebible womenf movement   25, 2011, 63, 76n1

Biblical criticism   8, 1994, 5, 6, 7

Biblical names

     in Ruth   18, 2004, 50-64

Bick, Susan   23, 2009, 40, 49, 51n8

binding(s) see publishing/printing

Bingley, Revfd W.   13, 1999, 79, 83n8

Binney, Edward   13, 1999, 87-8, 101n14; 19, 2005, 34,      39, 40, 41, 45, 46

biography

     female autobiography   14, 2000, 1-3

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs interest in   14, 2000, 19

     as male dominated   14, 2000, 1

     writing of   11, 1997, 1-3; 19, 2005, 56

biological laws   17, 2003, 15, 17-18

     see also evolutionary theory

bipolar disorder   21, 2007, 54, 57, 60

     see also nervous disorders

Birrell, Augustine

     Life of Charlotte Brontë   19, 2005, 99n8

Black Dwarf (newspaper)   22, 2008, 99

Blackie & Son   8, 1994, 85

Blackwood, John

     as George Eliotfs publisher   14, 2000, 62, 64, 67, 69;

            23, 2009, 32

     as Margaret Oliphantfs publisher   14, 2000, 67, 69

Blackwood, William   8, 1994, 46-7, 55, 81, 82-4

     George Eliot, correspondence with   23, 2009, 35

     William Stevenson, correspondence with   1, 1987, 2-3

Blackwoodfs Edinburgh Magazine   22, 2008, 25, 29

     George Eliot: Scenes of Clerical Life published in   23,

            2009, 32

Blackwoodfs Magazine   1, 1987, 2-8; 5, 1991, 29; 7,          1993, 76n1; 8, 1994, 68n4, 83; 18, 2004, 12; 22, 2008,

     28

     Africa, map of, published in   8, 1994, 58, 59

     anonymous articles in   8, 1994, 56

     Brontë family and   8, 1994, 54-69

     Eliot: Scenes of Clerical Life published in   14, 2000,                 66

     James Hogg and   8, 1994, 54, 55, 56, 67, 70, 72

     Margaret Oliphantsfs articles in   14, 2000, 61, 62, 63,               65

     William Stevensonfs articles in   1, 1987, 2, 3, 4, 5; 8,

            1994, 49, 51

     travel writing in   8, 1994, 58, 59, 60, 68n8

Blake, William   6, 1992, 33; 18, 2004, 2; 22, 2008, 47

Blamires, David

     Johannes Tauler: The Book of the Perfect Life,                            translated by   19, 2005, 85n27

Blanchard, Paula

     Sarah Orne Jewett c   17, 2003, 86, 91n20

Bloomer, Amelia   24, 2010, 74-5, 83n10

Bloomfield, B. C.   11, 1997, 23n1

Bloomsbury School of Art   5, 1991, 19

blue book see the census

the Bluebeard story   20, 2006, 32, 45n16, 49

Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich   16, 2002, 31

Blythe, Ronald

     Austen: Emma edited by   4, 1990, 91n7

boarding schools   22, 2008, 57, 58

     see also education

Bobbin, Tim   22, 2008, 99

     eTummus and Mearyf   22, 2008, 108

Boccaccio

     Decameron   19, 2005, 25

Bock, Carol

     Charlotte Brontëc   8, 1994, 69n23

Bodenheimer, Rosemarie   21, 2007, 22, 37n12

     The Politics of Story in Victorian Social Fiction   18,

            2004, 31n5, 35n71; 21, 2007, 2, 19n6, 19n11;

            21, 2007, 89n1, 90n1; 22, 2008 140n18, 141n21,

            143nn44-5, 143n48

Bodichon, Barbara Leigh (Mrs Eugene Bodichon) see

     Smith, Barbara Leigh

Bodichon, Dr Eugene   5, 1991, 22-3; 15, 2001, 54

the body

     attitudes to   14, 2000, 26-9

Boggs, W. Arthur   6, 1992, 39n1, n8

Bolam, C. Gordon et al.

     The English Presbyterians   15, 2001, 12n3

Bolton, Philip: Women Writers Dramatised   25, 2011,

     17n30

Bonaparte, Felicia

     The Gypsy-Bachelor of Manchesterc   12, 1998,                        20n7; 16, 2002, 28n29, 83n5, 105; 18, 2004,               35n78, 53, 62n1, 63n7; 21, 2007, 63n7

     on Wives and Daughters   21, 2007, 63n7

Bonheur, Rosa   7, 1993, 18; 24, 2010, 73

book prices   13, 1999, 95, 102n46; 14, 2000, 15

book reviews  5, 1991, 29-30; 7, 1993, 43; 10, 1996, 84;

     14, 2000, 16

     average payment for   14, 2000, 67

     see also journalists/journalism; literary

            journals/reviews

Booker, John

     Memorials of the Church in Prestwich   3, 1989, 27n6

Booth, W. C.

     The Rhetoric of Fiction   22, 2008, 116

Booth, William

     In Darkest England   6, 1992, 33

borderline personality disorder (BPD)  

     bipolar disorder and   21, 2007, 54

     causes   21, 2007, 54-5

     definition   21, 2007, 53

     depicted in Wives and Daughters   21, 2007, 52-61

     symptoms   21, 2007, 53-4, 55-61; financial

            irresponsibility   21, 2007, 60-61; mind-reading  

            21, 2007, 59

Borelli, Ada   1, 1987, 44

Borghi, Liana M. and Camporesi, Cristiano

     Lfetica sociale nellfeta vittoriana   1, 1987, 44

Bosanquet, Charles (eBosief)   14, 2000, 15, 22n4; 23,

            2009, 5

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   14, 2000, 15;

            15, 2001, 39; 20, 2006, 2       

Bostridge, Mark

     Florence Nightingale c   23, 2009, 59

Boswell, James

     Life of Samuel Johnson   11, 1997, 7; edited by                           George Birkbeck Hill   18, 2003, 3

botany

     amateur interest in   7, 1993, 10-11; 13, 1999, 86-8;                   19, 2005, 41-2, 43

     see also evolutionary theory

Botting, Fred

     Gothic   20, 2006, 59n3

Boucicault, Dion: The Long Strike (stage adaptation of

     Mary Barton)   25, 2011, 1, 3, 8, 10, 13-16

     characters/themes   25, 2011, 13-16

     critical assessments/reviews   25, 2011, 1, 14, 16n1,

        18nn44-8, 18n52

     Charles Dickens as script advisor   25, 2011, 1

Bourdieu, Pierre

     The Field of Cultural Production   14, 2000, 34n12

Bowen, John   22, 2008, 153, 159n10, 159n22,

     160nn25-6

Bowles, Caroline

     Tales of the Factories   2, 1989, 25

Bradbury, Malcolm

     Dangerous Pilgrimagesc   15, 2001, 62n2

Bradbury and Evans (publishers)   20, 2006, 29; 25, 2011,

     80

Braddon, [Mary] Elizabeth

     as editor, Belgravia Magazine   21, 2007, 100, 101

     Lady Audleyfs Secret   9, 1995, 47; 18, 2003, 45; 20,

            2006, 98, 101n14

Braddon, Mary

     Aurora Floyd   19, 2005, 15

Bradley, Ian see Simon, Brian and Bradley, Ian

brain fever   21, 2007, 56-7

Branca, Patricia   7, 1993, 51

Brand, C. P.

     Thomas Carlyle and Dante   10, 1996, 2

Brantlinger, Patrick   24, 2010, 58n22, 58n36

Branwell, Elizabeth (Charlotte Brontëfs aunt)   8, 1994,      57; 18, 2004, 1

Brecht, Bertolt   11, 1997, 22

Bremer, Fredrika   9, 1992, 76n9; 17, 2003, 108

     eChristmas Eve and Christmas Matinsf, translated by

            Mary Howitt   19, 2005, 88

     A Diary   6, 1992, 73, 74, 75

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   6, 1992, 74, 75n4

     The Homec   6, 1992, 73, 74

     eLife in the Northf   17, 2003, 93

     The Twinsc   6, 1992, 74

Brewster, David

Bridell, Eliza (Mrs Frederick Lee Bridell) see Fox, Eliza

Bridell, Frederick Lee   5, 1991, 23-4, 25

Brief Encounter (film)   20, 2006, 99, 100

Brierley, Ben   3, 1989, 58

     Home Memories   22, 2008, 113n32

Briggs, Asa

     on Crimean War   23, 2009, 60

     A Social History of England   18, 2004, 33n22,                            33n24

     Victorian Cities   20, 2006, 72n18

     Victorian People   23, 2009, 60

     Victorian Things   20, 2006, 100n6

Bright, Henry Arthur   15, 2001, 8

Bright, John   6, 1992, 31; 10, 1996, 47, 51; 12, 1998, 24;

     23, 2009, 58, 59-60           

Brill, Barbara   22, 2008, 93n2

     William Gaskellc   15, 2001, 13n8; 17, 2003, 74n15;

            22, 2008, 112n15

Brindley, James   22, 2008, 61

British Association for the Advancement of Science  

     4, 1990, 47-8; 19, 2005, 40

British Empire   16, 2002, 76

The British Motherfs Magazine   16, 2002, 88, 89, 94, 96

British Quarterly Review   7, 1993, 43, 68

     Mary Barton reviewed in   3, 1989, 17

Broadhead, Richard H.   7, 1993, 70, 77n6

Brockett, William Henry   22, 2008, 111n7

Brodetsky, Tessa

     Elizabeth Gaskell   18, 2004, 34n67, 35n75, 36n90

Brodie, Benjamin   16, 2002, 30

Brontë, Anne   20, 2006, 3; 22, 2008, 5

     Agnes Grey   11, 1997, 3-4; Angeline Goreaufs                           eIntroductionf to   17, 2003, 75n47

     Tenant of Wildfell Hall   6, 1992, 32; 14, 2000, 5

     eA Word to the Electf (poem)   21, 2007, 77

     Wuthering Heights, Charlotte Brontëfs ePrefacef to  

            17, 2003, 75n47

Brontë [Patrick] Branwell   8, 1994, 67; 11, 1997, 2, 3, 7,

     10-11, 13nn3-4; 18, 2004, 9; 23, 2009, 33; 24, 2010, 8

     Blackwoodfs Magazine and   8, 1994, 54-5, 56, 67, 68

     eMiseryf (poem)   8, 1994, 68n1

Brontë, Charlotte   18, 2004, 92; 19, 2005, 54, 61; 20,

     2006, 2, 26n24, 49, 58; 24, 2010, 22, 28; 25, 2011, 79

     Louisa May Alcott on   19, 2005, 65

     Christine Alexander on   18, 2004, 13

     Angrian stories   18, 2004, 1, 9

     autobiographical writing   18, 2004, 4, 5-6

     Augustine Birrell: Life ofc   19, 2005, 99

     Anne Brontë: Wuthering Heights, ePrefacef to   17,                    2003, 75n47

     eCatalogue of my booksf   18, 2004, 4

     David Cecil on   2, 1988, 81

     character   18, 2004, 5-6; 19, 2005, 58

     correspondence   11, 1997, 8-10, 12; 20, 2006, 25n19,

            26n24, 26n32; 21, 2007, 103; see also individual

            correspondents; Lettersc below

     on Cranford   14, 2000, 29

     cross-dressing depicted in her fiction   24, 2010, 73

     death   11, 1997, 5; 19, 2005, 52, 53; 20, 2006, 3; 23,

            2009, 59; 25, 2011, 84

     education   18, 2004, 1

     Emma (fragmentary story)   18, 2004, 1, 13n3

     eThe Evening Walkf   18, 2004, 4

     on the fallen woman   23, 2009, 52n15

     as a feminist   9, 1995, 13

     feminist criticism of   2, 1988, 82

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   19, 2005, 7;

            20, 2006, 2, 3, 7, 8-9, 17; 24, 2010, 4; 25, 2011,

            61nn1-2, 100

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   15, 2001, 38; 16, 2002, 64; 17,

            2003, 61, 62, 63, 68; 20, 2006, 18; 23, 2009, 59;

            24, 2010, 23; 25, 2011, 83, 84

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs Life ofc see Life of Charlotte                      Brontë

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs meetings with   5, 1991, 27; 11,                   1997, 3, 4, 17; 23, 2009, 5, 10, 11

     Glass Town stories   18, 2004, 1, 4, 9

     as a gothic writer   20, 2006, 49

     health   25, 2011, 100, 103n51

     Constantin Heger and   11, 1997, 5, 6, 7, 10-11; 16,

            2002, 72; 21, 2007, 104

     influence/importance   19, 2005, 52, 54

     Jane Eyre   4, 1990, 53; 5, 1991, 35; 11, 1997, 3, 7,                     11; 14, 2000, 2; 16, 2002, 2; 18, 2004, 13n11;

            19, 2005, 52, 54; 20, 2006, 49; 21, 2007, 3, 6, 7,

            12-13; 23, 2009, 52n15; 24, 2010, 100; stage

           adaptation by John Courtney   25, 2011, 5

     the Kay-Shuttleworths and   11, 1997, 4, 10, 16,

            17-19; 17, 2003, 62-4

     eThe Last Sketchf edited by William Makepeace                                    Thackeray   18, 2004, 13n3

     Lettersc   19, 2005, 99n10; 20, 2006, 25n19, 26n24,

            26n32; 21, 2007, 101

     George Henry Lewes and   4, 1990, 68; 20, 2006, 4, 41

     marriage   16, 2002, 9; 19, 2005, 98; 20, 2006, 3; see

            also Nicholls, Arthur Bell

     Harriet Martineau and   16, 2002, 64; 18, 2004, 8

     Alice Meynell on   19, 2005, 61

     on eThe Moorland Cottagef   7, 1993, 42, 43

     narrative voice, use of   25, 2011, 90-91

     Ellen Nussey, correspondence with   17, 2003, 73n47;

            20, 2006, 17, 20-21

     at Pensionnat Heger, Brussels   19, 2005, 56; 21, 2007,

            104

     The Professor   11, 1997, 6, 18-19; 16, 2002, 73; 18,                   2004, 13n2; 25, 2011, 90-91; unpublished mss of  

            18, 2004, 1

     T. Wemyss Reid on   19, 2005, 98

     religious beliefs   20, 2006, 17, 20-21

     eRetrospectionf   19, 2005, 65

     George Richmondfs portrait of   25, 2011, 83

     on Ruth   8, 1994, 12; 9, 1995, 39; 18, 2004, 16;

            25, 2011, 48

     eThe Secretf   18, 2004, 7-8, 7

     on serial publications   20, 2006, 7

     on sexual behaviour   18, 2004, 7-8

     Shirley   7, 1993, 44; 10, 1996, 75; 11, 1997, 17; 17,

            2003, 62, 63; G. H. Lewesfs review of   20, 2006,

            4; 22, 2008, 151; 24, 2010, 54-5

     George Smith as her publisher   25, 2011, 83

     eTale of the Islandersf   20, 2006, 15

     Mary Taylor, correspondence with   11, 1997, 9, 12

     William Makepeace Thackeray and   19, 2005, 58

     W. J. Thomsonfs miniature portrait of   20, 2006, 2

     United States, reputation in   19, 2005, 52-3, 54-5

     Villette   11, 1997, 6, 10, 12; 16, 2002, 72, 73; 25, 2011, 112

     on Cardinal Archbishop Wiseman   20, 2006, 17

     Margaret Wooler, correspondence with   21, 2007, 104

     see also Nicholls, Arthur Bell

Brontë, Emily [Jane]   6, 1992, 15; 11, 1997, 12; 20,

     2006, 2, 3, 58; 21, 2007, 104; 22, 2008, 57

     Gondal stories   18, 2004, 6, 9

     Gondalfs Queenc   8, 1994, 67, 69n10

     narrative voice, use of   25, 2011, 90-91

     Wuthering Heights   11, 1997, 3-4, 79, 84n6; 20, 2006,

            55; 21, 2007, 77; 25, 2011, 90-91

Brontë, Revfd Patrick (Charlotte Brontëfs father)   11,        1997, 2, 4, 8, 9, 13, 18; 16, 2002, 72, 73; 18, 2004, 1;

     23, 2009, 32

     as an Evangelical   20, 2006, 15

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   25, 2011, 83

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   19, 2005, 2;

            20, 2006, 2, 3, 4

     William Gaskell, correspondence with   20, 2006, 4-5

     Annette B. Hopkins on   15, 2002, 48; 16, 2002, 48

     influence on his children   18, 2004, 5

     Lettersc   20, 2006, 25n8; 23, 2009, 39n5

     Life of Charlotte Brontë, reaction to   20, 2006, 4-5,

            29; 23, 2009, 33

Brontë family

     Blackwoodfs Magazine and   8, 1994, 54-69

     eBranwellfs Blackwoodfs Magazinef   8, 1994, 60-62

     Complete Worksc   19, 2005, 10

     education   18, 2004, 1

     juvenilia   8, 1994, 55, 58-62, 68n8; 11, 1997, 5, 10,

            11; 18, 2004, 1-11, 13

     Life and Worksc (Haworth Edition)   19, 2005, 2, 99,                100

     Alice Meynell on   19, 2005, 61

     eNoctes Ambrosianaef, their version of   8, 1994, 62,                  63, 64

     eTales of the Islandersf   18, 2004, 4-5, 6, 9, 13n9

     Mary Humphry Ward on   19, 2005, 62

Brontë Society (UK)   16, 2002, 59; 22, 2008, 1, 2

Brook, Van Wyck

     New England Indian Summer   15, 2001, 59

Brooks, Peter

     The Melodramatic Imaginationc   11, 1997, 45, 83;

            21, 2007, 22

Brooks, Phillips   22, 2008, 88 

Brooks, Van Wyck

     The Flowering of New England   17, 2003, 90n18

     New England Indian Summer   17, 2003, 90n18

Brooks, W. S.   7, 1993, 17

Brotherton Library, Leeds University

     Gaskell collection   4, 1990, 1-27; 19, 2005, 2-3; 21,

            2007, 92; 24, 2010, 5

Brougham, Henry, 1st Baron (Lord Brougham)   22,

     2008, 74, 75, 76, 79

     Anthony Thompson and   22, 2008, 76, 78

     Katharine Thompson, correspondence with   22,

            2008, 84n18

Brown, Harold   15, 2001, 52n29

Brown, Pearl H.   16, 2002, 83n6

Browne, Janet

     Charles Darwin: Voyaging   21, 2007, 99nn11-12

Browning, Elizabeth Barrett   1, 1987, 7, 8; 5, 1991, 24;

     14, 2000, 76; 22, 2008, 79; 23, 2009, 32

     Aurora Leigh   1, 1987, 7-8; 11, 1997, 12; 14, 2000, 2

     autobiography   14, 2000, 2

     as a feminist   9, 1995, 13

     Eliza Fox, correspondence with   5, 1991, 22

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   20, 2006, 11

     influence 19, 2005, 54

     juvenilia   18, 2004, 3

     on Ruth   9, 1995, 39; 18, 2004, 16; 25, 2011, 48

Browning, Robert   5, 1991, 18, 22, 26; 23, 2009, 32

     eFra Lippo Lippif   4, 1990, 66

     eHome Thoughts, From Abroadf   21, 2007, 70

     Men and Women   2, 1988, 13

     The Ring and the Book   18, 2004, 72

Bruce, Lady Augusta   5, 1991, 51

Bruce, Mary L.

     Anna Swanwickc   19, 2004, 84n8

Bruce, Robert   5, 1991, 51

Bryan-Wilson, Julia   25, 2011, 37

     on Yoko Ono: Cut Piece   44, 46n13, 46nn16-20,

            46n23, 46n25, 47nn42-4, 47n45

Buchanan, Laurie

     on Wives and Daughters   21, 2007, 52, 63nn10-11

Buckle, Henry   24, 2010, 117

Buckland, George   19, 2005, 37-8, 49

built environment see housing conditions

Bull, Thomas

     Maternal Management of Childrenc   16, 2002, 96

Bullard and Lee, Boston   1, 1987, 32

Buller, Charles   6, 1992, 42

Buller Revfd Reggie   6, 1992, 48

Bunsen, Baron   8, 1994, 8; 19, 2005, 69-70, 83n2

     Ernst Moritz Arndt and   19, 2005, 85n28

     Die Zeichen der Zeitc   19, 2005, 81; Catherine                                     Winkworthfs translation of: Signs of the Timesc                           8, 1994, 8; 19, 2005, 85n28

Bunyan, John

     The Pilgrimfs Progress   18, 2004, 70, 71, 75, 76,                       79n18; 19, 2005, 46

Burdett-Coutts, Angela   14, 2000, 45

Burke, Edmund

     Thomas Paine and   24, 2010, 121-2, 126n30

Burne-Jones, Edward

     The Briar Wood (painting)   24, 2010, 110

Burnett, Anne   5, 1991, 64

Burnett, John

     A Social History of Housing   20, 2006, 89n9,

            89nn20-22, 89n27

Burns, Robert   8, 1994, 42, 43, 44, 77, 78

Burstyn, Joan   11, 1997, 65

Burton, Richard   23, 2009, 4-5

Bussey, Gertrude   16, 2002, 52

Bussi Parmiggiani, G. Eliza   1, 1987, 45

Butler, Josephine E.   9, 1995, 28; 23, 2009, 43, 52n19

Butler, Judith

     Gender Trouble c   24, 2010, 31-2, 45n6

     on self-image and gender   25, 2011, 96n11

Butler, Marilyn   6, 1992, 73

     Peacock Displayed: A Satirist in His Context   21,

            2007, 99n1

     on Wives and Daughters   21, 2007, 51

Butler, Pierce   9, 1995, 2

Butler, Samuel

     The Way of All Flesh   7, 1993, 72

Butterworth, James   13, 1999, 85; 19, 2005, 39, 44

Butterworth, John   13, 1999, 100n7

Butterworth, Robert   10, 1996, 90n8

Buxton, Richard   13, 1999, 87, 100n10; 19, 2005, 39

Byatt, A. S.

     eThe Conjugal Angelf (short story)   9, 1995, 54n7

Byerley, Ann   5, 1991, 6, 9

Byerley, Elizabeth see Lowndes, Elizabeth

Byerley, Frances   5, 1991, 6; 10, 1996, 20

     Domestic Duties   5, 1991, 8

Byerley, Katharine see Thompson, Katharine

Byerley, Maria   5, 1991, 6, 9; 7, 1993, 32n4

Byerley, Sara   5, 1991, 10

Byerley, Thomas (the Misses Byerleyfs father)  

     5, 1991, 6; 21, 2007, 96; 22, 2008, 74

Byerley, the Misses   5, 1991, 1-2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 14

     correspondence   5, 1991, 1, 2, 8

     Katharine Thomson, relationship to   22, 2008, 83n2

Byerleyfs school   22, 2008, 57, 69n2, 74, 82n2

Byerleyfs school, Barford

     Elizabeth Gaskell at   5, 1991, 2, 3, 5-9; 7, 1993,

            16-17, 32n4; 10, 1996, 14-15; 18, 2004, 14n22;

            22, 2008, 57, 69n2, 74, 83n2

Byerleyfs school, Stratford-on-Avon

     Elizabeth Gaskell at   1, 1987, 3; 5, 1991, 1, 2, 9-14;

            22, 2008, 74, 83n2

Bynum, Caroline Walker

     Jesus as Mother   18, 2004, 77

Byron, Lord George Gordon   8, 1994, 44; 24, 2010, 21

     Childe Harold   8, 1994, 57

     death   22, 2008, 42

     The Island   14, 2000, 77

 

eThe Cage at Cranford) (short story)   19, 2005, 3, 6; 22,

     2008, 157; 23, 2009, 31n42

Cairns, Peter   8, 1994, 47

Caldwell, Anne Marsh   14, 2000, 18, 21-2

     Ravenscliffe   14, 2000, 21

Calvinism   12, 1998, 16, 19n3; 18, 2004, 65; 21, 2007,

     73, 77

     depicted in eLois the Witchf   21, 2007, 73, 73-5, 76,

            77-8, 79, 81

     enlightened benevolence concept   21, 2007, 79

     Unitarianism and   21, 2007, 73, 74-5, 76

     see also religion

Calvino, Italo   10, 1996, 4

Cambridge University   22, 2008, 58, 66, 71n27, 77

     Charles Darwin at   22, 2008, 67-8

Camorra (Italian secret society)   4, 1990, 61

     Wilkie Collins on   25, 2011, 104, 105

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   25, 2011, 104, 106-10

     Marco Monnier on   25, 2011, 106-8, 109-10,

            111nn7-12, 111nn14-17

Campbell, Edward F.

     Ruthc   18, 2004, 63n28

Campbell, Ian   18, 2004, 85

Camporesi, Cristiano see Borghi, Liana M and

     Camporesi, Cristiano  

canal system, in Manchester   20 2006, 80

capital punishment see death penalty

Carlyle, Jane Welsh (Mrs Thomas Carlyle)   22, 2008, 32

     on autobiography   14, 2000, 2

     Samuel Bamford and   22, 2008, 98 101, 102

     Thomas Carlyle, correspondence with   22, 2008,

            111n9

     Collected Lettersc   6, 1992, 56n14; 8, 1994, 53n13

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   6, 1992, 44-7, 48

     her health   6, 1992, 45-6, 48, 53

     on James Martineau   6, 1992, 48, 49-53, 56n14

     New Letters and Memorials ofc   6, 1992, 56n8

     religious beliefs   6, 1992, 46, 47-55

Carlyle, Thomas   2, 1998, 8; 3, 1989, 25; 8, 1994, 6, 9;

     16, 2002, 12; 19, 2005, 69, 70-71, 74, 20, 2006, 103,

     105; 22, 2008, 32, 101; 25, 2011, 3

     Samuel Bamford and   22, 2008, 98, 101-2, 108-9,

            111n8

     eBiographyf   2, 1988, 1

     Jane Welsh Carlyle, correspondence with   22, 2008,

            111n9 

     eCharacteristicsf   5, 1991, 38-9, 41

     eChartismf   2, 1988, 3, 11n3; 6, 1992, 42; 20, 2006,

            64; 21, 2007, 4; 22, 2008, 102

     Collected Lettersc   6, 1992, 56n14; 8, 1994, 53n13

     eCorn-Law Rhymesf   2, 1988, 4, 5

     Critical and Miscellaneous Essays   2, 1988, 11n3,                     nn6-7; 6, 1992, 56n14

     Dante, influence of   10, 1996, 2-4

     on the fall of man   5, 1991, 38-9

     John Forster, correspondence with   22, 2008, 111n8

     on the French Revolution see History of the c

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   2, 1988, 1-2,               9-10; 6, 1992, 42-3; 18, 2004, 87-8; 20, 2006, 7

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   6, 1992, 42-57; 8, 1994, 98;                    18, 2004, 85, 88; 22, 2008, 102; 25, 2011, 80

     on Goethe   19, 2005, 70

     Goethe, translations of   19, 2005, 70, 82, 83n6

     History of the French Revolution   3, 1989, 31; 15,

            2001, 35; 24, 2010, 117

     on the industrial revolution   8, 1994, 98, 102-4

     Life of John Sterling   11, 1997, 7-8

     on Manchester   3, 1989, 56

     Harriet Martineau on   6, 1992, 44

     James Martineau on   6, 1992, 49-50

     Mary Barton, his influence on   24, 2010, 19

     on Mary Barton   2, 1988, 1-12, 31; 6, 1992, 42; 20,

            2006, 7; 22, 2008, 102

     Oliver Cromwellfs Letters and Speeches   24, 2010, 85

     On Heroesc   10, 1996, 2, 3; 11, 1987, 79, 84n7; 18,

            2004, 85-7, 88, 91-2

     eOn Historyf   24, 2010, 117

     Past and Present   3, 1989, 31; 4, 1990, 38, 57; 6,                       1992, 42, 48; 10, 1996, 3, 4; 15, 2001, 35; 18,

            2004, 39-40; 22, 2008, 103, 113n39

     on religion   18, 2004, 86-7

     Reminiscences   8, 1994, 102-4

     Sartor Resartus   6, 1992, 52, 53-4, 55; 17, 2003, 56;

            25, 2011, 47n47

     eSigns of the Timesf   8, 1994, 98

     on statistics    20, 2006, 67

     William Stevenson and   8, 1994, 50-51

     on Unitarianism   6, 1992, 47, 53-4, 56n14

     Catherine Winkworth on   19, 2005, 70

Carney, William   9, 1995, 6

Carpenter, J. Estlin   6, 1992, 57n17

Carpenter, Lant (William Benjamin Carpenterfs father)      16, 2002, 31

Carpenter, Mary   16, 2002, 31

Carpenter, S. C.

     Church and Peoplec   10, 1996, 82n3

Carpenter, William Benjamin   16, 2002, 30, 31, 32, 33,      35, 38; 17, 2003, 14, 19

     Principles of Comparative Physiology   16, 2002,                       46n30

Carr, Anne

     on Christian love   25, 2011, 71, 76n23

     Transforming Grace c   25, 2011, 76n23

Carr, George (Harriet Carrfs probable father)   4, 1990, 1

Carr, Harriet (née Anderson) (Mrs Matthew Carr)   25,

     2011, 100

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   4, 1990,                       cover, 1-27; 5, 1991, 64, 71n7, 74; 6, 1992, 67

            69-72; 7, 1993, 17; 10, 1996, 15; 13, 1999, 20;

            16, 2002, 28n6, 95-6; 18, 2004, 8; 25, 2011, 98

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   5, 1991, 74-6; 9, 1995, 66

     marriage   6, 1992, 67

Carr, Walter (Harriet Carrfs brother)   5, 1991, 65

Carroll, Lewis (pseud.) see Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge

Carse, Wendy K.   22, 2008, 14, 17, 21n12; 23, 2009,

     30n37, 31n40

Carter, Angela   20, 2006, 58

Carwell, Virginia A.

     Serialization and the Fiction of Mrs Gaskell   14

            2000, 73

Casalino, Mario   1, 1987, 42

Cash, James

     Where Therefs a Willc   13, 1999, 100n5

Casteras, Susan P.   17, 2003, 73n7; 24, 2010, 83n14

Castle, Terry: Masquerade and Civilization c    25,

     2011, 95n8

Catalani, Angelica   13, 1999, 85, 91, 92, 101n28

Catholic emancipation   20, 2006, 14-15

Catholic fiction   66, 79nn10-11

Catholic vestments   20, 2006, 17, 17

Catholicism   1, 1987, 34; 9, 1995, 70, 71; 10, 1996,

     49-50; 17, 2003, 60

     anti-Catholicism   17, 2003, 60, 61, 69, 73n7

     conversion to   20, 2006, 15, 18, 21

     in England   20, 2006, 14-19

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   20, 2006, 14-27

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   20, 2006, 14, 16, 18,

            19-21, 23, 24, 26n21, 112

     Marianne Gaskellfs attraction to   6, 1992, 30-31; 19,

            2005, 98; 20, 2006, 16, 22-4; 25, 2011, 5

     William Gaskell on   20 2006, 15, 16, 23-4

     James Martineau on   20, 2006, 14

     Mary the Virgin, cult of   25, 2011, 108

     Florence Nightingale and   20, 2006, 18-19

     Charles Eliot Norton on   20, 2006, 22, 23

     Papal Aggression claims   17, 2003, 61

     Ultramontanism   20, 2006, 16

     Unitarian attitudes to   17, 2003, 61

     see also religion

Catt, George R.

     The Pictorial History of Manchester   3, 1989, 47

Cattermole, George   2, 1988, 57n11

Caudwell, Janis McLaren: Literature and Medicine c  

     25, 2011, 95n7

Cazamian, Louis

     The Social Novel in Englandc   12, 1998, 40, 42

Cecil, David, Lord   19, 2005, 11

     Early Victorian Novelists c   2, 1988, 81, 85, 86, 90;

            9, 1995, 69; 18, 2004, 78; 19, 2005, 5; 21, 2007,

            51-2; 24, 2010, 44n1

     on Wives and Daughters   21, 2007, 51-2

the census

     development of   20, 2006, 61

     Charles Dickens on   20, 2006, 68-70

     the homeless and   20, 2006, 69-71

     impact/importance, in Victorian England   20, 2006,

            60-72

     as non-political   20, 206, 63

     popular interest in   20, 2006, 68

     reports on/analysis of   20, 2006, 62-3, 68

Cerutti, Toni

     Le vite dei Vittorianic   1, 1987, 45

Chadwick, Edwin   11, 1997, 16; 20, 2006, 74

Chadwick, Mrs Ellis H.   1, 1987, 1; 2, 1988, 59; 23,

     2009, 14n29

     Mrs Gaskell: Haunts, Homes, and Stories   2, 1988,                    39n1; 4, 1990, 51n12; 5, 1991, 2, 9, 13, 62, 63,

            68-9, 72n10; 7, 1993, 16; 8, 1994, 52n2; 9, 1995,                 66; 18, 2004, 36n89; 19, 2005, 1, 3-4; 21, 2007,

            69, 72n11; 24, 2010, 126n26

Chalmers, James

     The channel railwayc   20, 2006, 93

Chalmers, Thomas   8, 1994, 85, 86n18

Chambers, Robert   25, 2011, 79

     Domestic Annals of Scotland   15, 2001, 39

     Traditions of Edinburgh   8, 1994, 85

     Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation   17, 2003,

            13-14, 25, 32n4

Chambers, William   25, 2011, 79

Chambers [Edinburgh] Journal   8, 1994, 84-5; 25, 2011,

     79, 81

Champneys, Basil   20, 2006, 1

Channing, W. H.   6, 1992, 56n14

Channing, William Ellery   6, 1992, 26, 28, 47, 56n14,

     66n11

     The Superior Tendency of Unitarianism to Form an

            Elevated Religious Character   21, 2007, 85n8

Chapman, Alison

     Elizabeth Gaskell: Mary Barton/North and South   19,

            2005, 13n49; 25, 2011, 18n53

Chapman, Edward   25, 2011, 79, 80

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   21, 2007,

            92-3; 22, 2008, 100; 24, 2010, 57n14, 58n39,

            59n42

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   25, 2011, 79, 80

     as Elizabeth Gaskellfs publisher   2, 1998, 3, 42; 3,                     1989, 6; 6, 1992, 42; 14, 2000, 16; 19, 2005, 3;

            21, 2007, 92; 22, 2008, 100; 24, 2010, 49

Chapman, Edward Mortimer

     English Literature and Religionc   18, 2004, 66

Chapman, Frederic

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   24, 2010,

            129

Chapman, John   14, 2000, 65, 66; 16, 2002, 73

Chapman, Maria Weston

     Harriet Martineaufs Autobiography edited by   14,

            2000, 2-3, 13n12; 16, 2002, 65; 22, 2008, 84n12

Chapman and Hall   2, 1988, 41, 42; 3, 1989, 6; 6, 1992,     42; 20, 2006, 6-7, 34; 21, 2007, 92; 25, 2011, 78, 79,

     80

     Charles Dickens published by   25, 2011, 79

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs short stories published by   25,

            2011, 82

     Mary Barton published by   80

     eSelect Library of Fictionf series   25, 2011, 82

     serial publications by   25, 2011, 79

     two-volume novels published by   25, 2011, 79-80

Chappell, Naomi C.   16, 2002, 62n8

Chapple, John A. V.   5, 1991, 73n30; 10, 1996, 14,

     25n4; 12, 1998, 13n14, n19; 13, 1999, 72, 103n58; 14,

     2000, 18, 21-2; 18, 2004, 14n20; 19, 2005, 33n9,

     99n9; 20, 2006, 13n12, 26n30; 22, 2008, 7, 71n28

     Elizabeth Gaskell: The Early Years   13, 1999, 24n17,

            83n1, 108; 16, 2002, 28n5; 16, 2002, 65, 105,

            110n18; 18, 2004, 14n23; 19, 2005, 99n6; 20,

            2006, 27n40, 114n3; 21, 2007, 99n6, 99n10; 22,

            69nn2-3, 83nn2-4, 83n6; 24, 2010, 16n45, 83n15,

            113n4

     Arthur Pollard, obituary of   17, 2003, 127-9

     Science and Literature in the Nineteenth Century  

            21, 2007, 113n4

     on eSix Weeks in Heppenheimf   25, 2011, 94, 95,

            96nn15-17

Chapple, John A. V. and Pollard, Arthur (editors)

     Letters of Mrs Gaskell   1, 1987, 40n2; 2, 1988, 11n5;                3, 1989, 26n1; 4, 1990, 77n8, 90n1; 5, 1991,               14n6, 26n1, 35n2, 60n5, 67, 72n8; 6, 1992, 14n1,          24n1, 41n10, 56n3; 11, 1997, 13n1, 23n3, 40n1,              83n1; 12, 1998, 26n1, 45n3; 13, 1999, 24n18; 14,

            2000, 12n14, 23n1, 84n4, 100n6; 15, 2001, 20n1;

            15, 2001, 62n1, n3; 16, 2002, 28n3, 46n2, 62n10,

            75n1, 109n5; 17, 2003, 49n3, 74n16; 18, 2004,                     13n1, 13n5, 31n5, 49n2, 67, 68, 78n3; 19, 2005,                       1, 23n7, 66nn15-16, 83n2, 102; 20, 13n8, 22, 23,

            25n4, 26n28, 26n35, 44nn2-3, 44n5, 45n14,

            45n20, 45nn27-8, 45n30, 46n38, 46nn40-43,

            46n45, 46nn47-9, 46nn56-7, 59n9, 59n29, 71n1,

            89n29, 104, 114n2, 114n6; 21, 2007, 48, 49n8,

            71n1, 72n12, 93nn1-2, 94n6, 94n12, 99n10, 104,

            112; 23, 2009, 13nn12-13, 13n8, 14nn10-12,

            15n40, 30n23, 33, 34, 35, 38, 39n2, 42, 51, 51n1,

            62nn1-2, 63n4, 63nn8-11, 63n13, 63n15, 63n17,

            63nn21-2; 24, 2010, 16n10, 16nn12-13, 16n33,

            28n5, 57n12, 57n14, 58n35, 58n39, 59n42,

            59n54, 83n1, 83nn8-9, 83n18, 119, 120n18, 121,

            130nn1-4, 130n8; 25, 2011, 18n54, 45n1, 47n35,

            61n5, 61nn10-11, 61n13, 61n17, 77, 78, 79, 81,

            82, 83, 84, 85, 86n1, 102n7, 102n11, 102n13,

            102nn17-21, 102, nn23-5, 102nn27-8,

            103nn29-31, 103n33, 103nn35-8, 103nn41-8,

            111n6, 113n1, 113n5, 118n2, 118n10

Chapple, John A. V. and Sharps, John Geoffrey

     Elizabeth Gaskell: A Portrait in Letters   1, 1987,                       9n12; 2, 1988, 42; 5, 1991, 71n4; 15, 2001, 68;

            19, 2005, 99n7

Chapple, John A. V. and Shelston, Alan (editors)

     Further Letters of Mrs Gaskell   13, 1999, 110-11; 15,

            2001, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61, 62n1, 69, 70; 17, 2003,                   74n17, 81, 90n8, 126; 19, 2005, 5, 9, 23n8,                                 84n12, 85n30, 102; 20, 2006, 13n13, 19, 22, 23,

            13, 19, 25n18, 25n21, 26n35, 45nn20-22,

            45nn31-2, 45n34, 46n50, 46n54, 91, 93; 21,

            2007, 99n13, 103, 112, 113n2; 23, 2009, 14n9,

            15n39, 39n10, 63n7, 63n12, 63nn19-20; 24, 2010,

            1, 4, 6, 16nn14-17, 16n21, 126n23, 130n6, 130n9;

            25, 2011, 85, 87n11, 102n7, 102n12, 102n14,

            102n22, 102n26, 102n28, 103n34, 103nn36-7,

            103n41, 103n44, 103n47, 112n2

Chapple, John A. V. and Wilson, Anita C. (editors)

     Private Voices: The Diaries of Elizabeth Gaskell and

            Sophia Holland   14, 2000, 34n13; 16, 2002,

            109n9, 111n56; 21, 2007, 120n2; 25, 2011, 97-8,

            102n8

     see also My Diaryc

charity/charitable works   6, 1992, 27; 11, 1997, 16; 12,

     1998, 15; 14, 2000, 4; 16, 2002, 43, 53; 20, 2006,

     86-7, 102-4, 113, 114n7

     among prisoners   13, 1999, 90

     depicted in North and South   20, 2006, 104-14

     depicted in Ruth   13, 1999, 54-62

     district visitors   20, 2006, 85, 90nn34-5

     by Elizabeth Gaskell   19, 2005, 35-6, 49n5; 20, 2006,

            104; 23, 2009, 43, 52n18

     by Elizabeth Gaskellfs daughters   11, 1997, 62-3,

            64-5

     William Gaskell on   20, 2006, 102, 103-4, 106, 108,

            109, 110-11, 113

     gifts/giving   13, 1999, 60-65

     for women   20, 2006, 113

     working class education and   13, 1999, 88; scientific                 interests   19, 2005, 34, 35, 36, 39-40, 41, 44, 45

Chartier, Robert   24, 2010, 2, 3, 12, 17n47, 17n49

Chartism   12, 1998, 42; 13, 1999, 98; 19, 2005, 35; 20,

     2006, 111; 21, 2007, 10; 25, 2011, 41

     Samuel Bamford and   22, 2008, 97-8

     Mary Barton as a Chartist novel   2, 1988, 1-11;

            6, 1992, 42; 21, 2007, 10, 20, 25; 22, 2008, 96;

            25, 2011, 10

Charvat, William

     The Profession of Authorship in America   17, 2003,                   90n2

Chatsworth House, Derbyshire, Elizabeth and Meta

     Gaskellfs visit to   25, 2011, 112-13

Chaudhuri, Niraud Chandra

     Scholar Extraordinaryc   5, 1991, 60n3

Cheal, David

     The Gift Economy   13, 1999, 59

Chekhov, Anton

     eAn Artistfs Storyf   24, 2010, 34

Cheshire   15, 2001, 3

     Elizabeth Gaskell in   15, 2001, 1

eCheshire Customsf (childhood memories)   24, 2010,

     118-19, 126n20

     as source material for eThe Last Generation in

            Englandf   24, 2010, 119

Chesterfield, Lord

     Letters to His Son   9, 1995, 19n7

Chicago University   16, 2002, 51, 52, 53, 60

Child, Francis   1, 1987, 32, 35, 36, 37

     Ballads   1, 1987, 36

child care

     attitudes to   7, 1993, 67-9

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs experience of   7, 1993, 67-79; 11,               1997, 55-65

     publications on   7, 1993, 67-9, 76n3; 11, 1997, 55; 16,

            2002, 87-8, 89, 96

     see also maternal care

children

     behaviour of   2, 1988, 87; 7, 1993, 71-2, 77nn6-7

     in Cranford   1, 1987, 12-13, 18-19, 20, 23

     deaf children, education of   24, 2010, 8

     discipline for   7, 1993, 71-2, 77nn6-7; 16, 2002,

            89-90, 91-2, 110n19

     education of see education

     Elizabeth Gaskellf attitude to   1, 1987, 37; 2, 1988,                   38; 4, 1990, 48; 6, 1992, 68; 7, 1993, 67-9, 77n9;

            13, 1999, 75, 108-9; 16, 2002, 85-6, 93

     illegitimate   25, 2011, 53

     as motherless   20, 2006, 57-8

     in My Lady Ludlow   10, 1996, 58

     in North and South   22, 2008, 105

     in Ruth   16, 2002, 85-7, 90, 91-2, 93-4, 95-111; 22,

            2008, 45; 25, 2011, 34-5, 53

     Victorian writersf fascination with   24, 2010, 19-20,

            28

     working class see working class children

     as writers see juvenilia

     see also women, young

children, death/illness of   7, 1993, 74, 77n9; 8, 1994, 25;

     9, 1995, 33, 34-5; 10, 1996, 84, 90n9; 13, 1999, 75,

     108-9; 14, 2000, 2; 15, 2001, 60; 16, 2002, 66, 95-6,

     97-8; 19, 2005, 20, 21; 20, 2006, 86; 22, 2008, 45,

     55n11, 105-7; 23, 2009, 40-41, 43-4, 47, 48-50, 51

     as a judgement   23, 2009, 41, 44, 49, 50

childrenfs games   18, 2004, 1, 9-11

childrenfs literature    16, 2002, 91-3

     fairytales see fairytales

     see also juvenilia

China

     British relations with   17, 2003, 4-6, 7, 8, 10n6

     Opium Wars   17, 2003, 4, 5-8, 10n6; 18, 2004, 19

Chittister, John

     Jobfs Daughtersc   18, 2004, 63n25; 25, 2011,

            76nn24-6

     on male/female relationships   25, 2011, 72-3

     The Story of Ruthc   18, 2004, 56, 63n27, 64n49

Chodorow, Nancy

     The Reproduction of Mothering   2, 1988, 85-6, 87,

            89-90; 21, 2007, 52

cholera epidemics   5, 1991, 63, 64; 23, 2009, 57

     in the Crimea   23, 2009, 54, 55, 57

Chorley, Henry Fothergill   6, 1992, 73, 74, 75; 9, 1995,

     41n5; 14, 2000, 31; 22, 2008, 81

Christ Church College, Canterbury

     Gaskell collection   3, 1989, 42-5

Christian Observer   18, 2004, 78n7

Christian Socialism   4, 1990, 46; 8, 1994, 13; 10, 1996,

     45, 78-82

     see also religion

Christian values   23, 2009, 33-4, 36

     as a literary theme   17, 2003, 50, 55-6, 57, 58n8

     see also religion

Christie, J. H.   8, 1994, 84

Christmas publications   2, 1988, 41, 42-4; 14, 2000, 21;

     25, 2011, 80, 83-4

eChristmas Storms and Sunshinef (short story)   2, 1988,

     43-4; 14, 2000, 24, 25, 29

     published in Howittfs Journal   25, 2011, 77

     see also The Sextonfs Hero and Christmas Storms and

            Sunshine (1850)

Church of England see Anglicanism

circulating libraries   25, 2011, 79

     Mudiefs   25, 2011, 2

Civil War see American Civil War; English Civil War

Clancy, Deidre   14, 2000, 100n7

Clare, Daphne   21, 2007, 2-3

Clark, Arthur Melville

     Sir Walter Scottc   8, 1994, 47

Clark, James Freeman   19, 2005, 70-71

T&T Clark   8, 1994, 850

Clarke, James Stanier   24, 2010, 116

     Jane Austen, correspondence with   24, 2010, 116

Clarke, Mary see Mohl, Mme Mary

Clarke, Patricia

     Rosa! Rosa! c   18, 2004, 14n30

class conflict see social conflict

class distinction   2, 1988, 36-7; 6, 1992, 33-4; 8, 1994,      16-17; 10, 1996, 17-18, 22; 13, 1999, 89; 19, 2005,     35, 36, 37, 38, 40-41, 48-9; 22, 2008, 26; 23, 2009, 42;

     25, 2011, 9, 10-11, 86

     Samuel Bamford on   19, 2005, 45-6

     in Cranford   23, 2009   20, 22, 23

     in eA Dark Nightfs Workf   21, 2007, 66-7, 68

     Catherine M. Kirkland on   19, 2005, 90-91

     in eLibbie Marshfs Three Erasf   20, 2006, 74, 82, 85

     in eLois the Witchf   24, 2010, 93-4

     in Mary Barton   3, 1989, 4

     in Morton Hall   24, 2010, 88, 90-91

     in My Lady Ludlow   3, 1989, 33, 34; 10, 1996, 54-5

     in North and South   16, 2002, 5, 6-7; 25, 2011, 20

     Mary Shelley: Frankenstein as paradigm of   10, 1996,              83

     social manners   16, 2002, 5, 6-7

     in theatre audiences   25, 2011, 1, 2-3

     in university education   22, 2008, 67

     in Wives and Daughters   10, 1996, 92-101; 22, 2008,

            37, 38

     see also middle classes; social structure; working

            classes

classical education   2, 1988, 21-2, 25-6, 27-8, 30, 32; 3,

     1989, 69-70, 71, 72; 4, 1990, 45-6; 16, 2002, 17-18,        28n13; 22, 2008, 27, 33, 41n47, 58, 61-2, 65, 67, 68

     see also education; public schools

classical literature   19, 2005, 27, 30

Claudius, Matthias   12, 1998, 12

Cleghorn, James   8, 1994, 42, 43, 45, 50, 83

Cleghorn, Robert   8, 1994, 42-3, 44, 53n16

clerical life   23, 2009, 32-9, 39n13

     George Eliot on   23, 2009, 32, 33, 35; in Scenes

            of Clerical Life   23, 2009, 35-6, 38-9

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   23, 2009, 33-4, 36-9

     Mrs Oliphant on   23, 2009, 38-9

     Anthony Trollope on   23, 2009, 38

     see also religion

Clive, Caroline

     Paul Ferroll  19, 2005, 14

     Why Paul Ferroll killed his wife   19, 2005, 15

Clive, John

     Scotch Reviews   8, 1994, 86n8

Clopton, Charlotte   15, 2005, 17

eClopton Housef (article)   5, 1991, 1, 12, 75; 10, 1996,       30; 18, 2004, 8, 14n21; 19, 2005, 17

     characters/themes   18, 2004, 8-9

Clopton Hall/House, Stratford-on-Avon   5, 1991, 1,

     12-13; 25, 2011, 78

clothes see fashion/style

Clough, A. H.   1, 1987, 31; 6, 1992, 49

Coates, Thomas   22, 2008, 76, 77

Cobbett, William   5, 1991, 19; 7, 1993, 62

Cobden, Richard   10, 1996, 51; 22, 2008, 98; 23, 2009,

     59-60

Cockburn, Henry   22, 2008, 78

     Memorials of His Time   8, 1994, 85n4, 104

Coke, Thomas William, Earl of Leicester (Coke of Holkham)   17, 2003, 23

Colburn, Henry   22, 2008, 81

Colby, Robin B.

     Some Appointed Work to Do   15, 2001, 20n3, 21n9

Cole, Eve Browning and Coultrap-McQuin, Susan

     Explorations in Feminist Ethics c   22, 2008, 10-11

Cole, Henry

     Charles Dickens, correspondence with   17, 2003,                       49n21

Coleridge, Hartley   3

Coleridge, Sara   16, 2002, 88

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor   4, 1990, 48; 6, 1992, 47; 8,        1994, 1, 5-6, 10; 10, 1996, 45, 78; 15, 2001, 9, 21,

     2007, 101, 103; 22, 2008, 42, 74; 24, 2010, 19, 29

     Biographia Literaria   4, 1990, 48; 8, 1994, 6

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   22, 2008, 43; 23, 2009, 5

     Elizabeth Gaskell, his influence on   22, 2008, 43; on

            Mary Barton   22, 2008, 43; on Ruth   22, 2003,

            43-4

     eThe Pains of Sleepf   22, 2008, 43

     eThe Rime of the Ancient Marinerf   10, 1996, 88,                      91n4; 21, 2007, 81; 22, 2008, 43, 55n22

     on Shakespeare   25, 2011, 21

collectivity narratives

     Cranford as   17, 2003, 39-46

Colley, Linda

     Britonsc   18, 2004, 40-41, 43, 44-5

Collier, John   22, 2008, 99

Collin, Dorothy W.   11, 1997, 3; 14, 2000, 73; 24, 2010,

     71n2

     North and South edited by   4, 1990, 91n3; 22, 2008,

            141n20, 141n25, 141n28

Collins, H. P.   16, 2002, 63n42

Collins, Wilkie   17, 2003, 90n7

     Armadale published in Cornhill Magazine   22, 2008,

            29, 30

     on the Camorra   25, 2011, 104, 105

     Charles Dickens and   22, 2008, 31

     violent themes, use of   19, 2005, 14

     The Woman in White   104, 105, 111n2; comparison

            with eThe Grey Womanf   24, 2010, 81, 84n23

Collins, William   8, 1994, 85

Colloms, Brenda   8, 1994, 40n3

Collyer, Ann (née Longbottom) (Mrs Robert Collyer II)  

     22, 2008, 90, 94n21

Collyer, Harriet (Mrs Samuel Collyer) (Robert Collyerfs

     mother)   22, 2008, 89, 90

Collyer, Harriet (née Watson) (Mrs Robert Collyer I)  

     22, 2008, 90

Collyer [Collier], Robert   22, 2008, 89

     in American Civil War   22, 2008, 91

     career   22, 2008, 89-91

     death   22, 2008, 93

     emigration to US   22, 2008, 90

     family   22, 2008, 89, 90, 94n21

     Elizabeth Gaskell, visit to   22, 2008, 86, 88, 91,

            94n28

     Edward Everett Hale and   22, 2008, 91, 92

     his health   22, 2008, 91

     on Life of Charlotte Brontë   22, 2008, 91-2

     as a Methodist   22, 2008, 90

     as a Unitarian minister   22, 2008, 86, 89, 90-91, 92-3;

            as preacher at Cross Street Chapel   22, 2008, 91

Collyer, Samuel (Robert Collyerfs father)   22, 2008, 89

Collyer, Samuel (Robert Collyerfs son)   22, 2008, 90,

     94n21

colonialism see imperial expansion

Coltman, Sarah   5, 1991, 8

Combe, Andrew

     Principles of Physiologyc   7, 1993, 68-9; 16, 2002,

            87

Combination Acts, repeal of, 1824   24, 2010, 49

comedy see humour

commodity narratives

     Cranford as   17, 2003, 39-46

common place books   11, 1997, 4, 13n4

eCompany Mannersf (article)   7, 1993, 18; 13, 1999,

     15-19, 36; 14, 2000, 69; 23, 2009, 22

econdition-of-Englandf debate   16, 2002, 32-47; 17,           2003, 1-2, 38; 18, 2004, 88; 20, 2006, 105; 21, 2007,

     1-2; 25, 2011, 116

     in Mary Barton   16, 2001, 36, 37; 25, 2011, 8-16

     in North and South   21, 2007, 3, 4, 18

conduct books   9, 1995, 14, 15, 19n10; 10, 1996, 20,          25nn8-9, 65; 11, 1997, 55; 18, 2004, 45

     see also womenfs education

conflict resolution   1, 1987, 10

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs life   1, 1987, 33

     in Mary Barton   1, 1987, 10

     in North and South   1, 1987, 10-11

     in Wives and Daughters   1, 1987, 11

Connolly, Margaret   22, 2008, 40n41

conscience   20, 2006, 106

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   16, 2002, 37

     William Gaskell on   20, 2006, 106

conscription   42-3, 83, 85

     press gang riots   16, 2002, 43; 18, 2004, 37, 38,

            40-41, 83, 84, 88-9

Constable, Archibald   8, 1994, 79-80, 82, 84, 85

     Sir Walter Scott and   8, 1994, 80-82

consumerism   17, 2003, 36

Contagious Diseases Act, repeal of   23, 2009, 52n19

Contemporary Review   14, 2000, 62

Conway, Moncure   5, 1991, 24

Cook, Eliza   19, 2005, 102; 25, 2011, 78, 79

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   20, 2006, 9

Eliza Cookefs Journal   20, 2006, 9; 25, 2011, 79

Cooper, Anthony Ashley, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury   17,         2003, 5-6

Cooper, James Fenimore   19, 2005, 93

Copsey, A. J.   22, 2008, 9

copyright issues   9, 1995, 71; 17, 2003, 79; 19, 2005, 10;

     20, 2006, 9, 36, 40, 42-3; 24, 2010, 64, 71n12; 25,

     2011, 80

Corn Laws   5, 1991, 19; 24, 2010, 87, 98n10

     Anti-Corn Law League   5, 1991, 16, 19, 20

Corney, John   24, 2010, 121

Cornhill Magazine   1, 1987, 49, 50, 51; 4, 1990, 47, 49;

     12, 1998, 19n1; 14, 2000, 56-7; 18, 2004, 13n3, 39;        19, 2005, 1, 8; 20, 206, 29, 32, 37, 40, 42; 25, 2011,

     86

     aims   22, 2008, 22-3, 25

     circulation   22, 2008, 25, 30

     Wilkie Collins: Armadale published in   22, 2008,

            29, 30

     contents   22, 2008, 23, 24, 25-30

     Cousin Phillis published in   1, 1987, 41, 49; 4, 1990,

            58; 11, 1991, 25, 34; 14, 2000, 29, 57; 19, 2005,

            26; 21, 2007, 65, 100

     critical assessments of   22, 2008, 27, 28, 29

     George Eliot: Romola published in   22, 2008, 50; 23,

            2009, 37

     finances   25, 2011, 85, 87n15

     Elizabeth Gaskell published in   19, 2005, 102, 25,

            2011, 84, 85

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs obituary   14, 2000, 29-31, 57

     gender issues in   22, 2008, 24, 26-30, 36

     Frederick Greenwood as editor   22, 2008, 28

     importance of   25, 2011, 84

     price of   25, 2011, 84

     readership   22, 2008, 22, 23, 24, 25, 30, 34, 37, 38

     John Ruskin published in   10, 1996, 77

     sales figures   25, 2011, 84

     serial publications in   22, 2008, 29-30

     short stories published in   7, 1993, 45; 12, 1998, 7,

            14, 20

     eSix Weeks at Heppenheimf published in   25, 2011,

            88

     George Smith as publisher   22, 2008, 22, 24, 25, 28,

            29; 22, 2008, 22, 24, 25, 28, 29; 25, 2011, 84, 85

     as socially progressive   22, 2008, 25-6, 28, 38

     John Sutherland on   25, 2011, 85, 87n15

     William Thackeray as editor   22, 2008, 24-5, 28, 29;

            25, 2011, 81, 84

     Wives and Daughters published in   1, 1987, 48,

            49-52, 53, 55-8, 61-8; 4, 1990, 40; 21, 2007,

            65; 22, 2008, 23, 24, 25, 27, 29, 30, 32

The Corn-Law Rhymer see Elliott, Ebenezer

Cornwall, Barry (pseud) see Procter, Bryan Waller

correspondence, as a biographical source   25, 2011, 100

     see also individual correspondents; letter

            writing

cotton industry   15, 2001, 56; 17, 2003, 4, 5-6, 10nn7-8

     depression in   4, 1990, 60; 5, 1991, 52; 16, 2002, 43,

            53; 17, 2003, 1, 4-5; 18, 2004, 41-2

Coultrap-McQuin, Susan see Cole, Eve Browning and

     Coultrap-McQuin, Susan

country life see nature/natural life

Courtauld, Samuel   5, 1991, 20

Courtney, John   25, 2011, 5, 8

     Jane Eyre, stage adaptation of   25, 2011, 5

Courtney, John: Mary Barton; or, A Tale of Manchester

     Life (stage adaptation of Mary Barton)   25, 2011, 1-2,

     5, 6, 7-16, 17n32

     censorship of/amendments to   25, 2011, 7, 9-10, 15

     characters/themes   25, 2011, 8-16

     reviews, lack of   25, 2011, 8, 17n29

Cousin, Victor   7, 1993, 18

     Madame de Sabléc   13, 1999, 16-17, 18; 14, 2000,

            66

Cousin Phillis   21, 2007, 65; 22, 2008, 50; 25, 2011, 93

     alternative ending   9, 1995, 45; 19, 2005, 9; 20, 2006,

            37-8; 22, 2008, 66, 70n24; 24, 2010, 106, 119-20

     the Bible/biblical allusions in   3, 1989, 72-5; 22,

            2008, 65

     characters/themes   1, 1987, 24n5, 41-2; 2, 1988, 32;                  3, 1989, 39-40, 68-80; 4, 1990, 58; 5, 1991,

            37-50, 53; 6, 1992, 9, 10; 8, 1994, 28-41; 9, 1995,                45; 10, 1996, 5-7, 79-82; 11, 1997, 34-40; 18,               2004, 37, 78; 19, 2005, 26-33; 20, 2006, 23, 32-3,

            38, 93; 21, 2007, 66, 67, 70, 78; 22, 2008, 49-50,

            51, 64-6; 23, 2009, 37, 38; 24, 2010, 101-6,

            112-13, 119-20; 25, 2011, 91, 93, 96n13; 101

     clerical life depicted in   23, 2009, 37

     copyright of   20, 2006, 42-3

     critical assessments of   1, 1987, 43-4; 3, 1989, 68-9;                 5, 1991, 49n7; 14, 2000, 29, 30; 23, 2009, 37

     Christian socialism depicted in   10, 1996, 79-82

     death and illness depicted in   19, 2005, 26-7

     Dante: Divine Comedy, influence of   10, 1996, 5-7

     George Du Maurierfs illustrations   1, 1987, 49; 4,                      1990, 63n4; 8, 1994, 41            

     Angus Eassonfs edition   5, 1991, 14n8, 60n4; 6, 1992,

            14n2; 8, 1994, 40n1; 20, 2006, 44n4

     the fall of man depicted in   5, 1991, 37-8, 39-49

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   19, 2005, 25

     gender issues in   19, 2005, 27, 32

     Italian translations   1, 1987, 41-2

     Peter Keatingfs edition   1, 1987, 25n8; 10, 1996,                       14n12; 19, 2005, 33n3; 21, 2007, 85n13

     learning/knowledge depicted in   3, 1989, 68-80

     John Lucas on   5, 1991, 49n7

     narrative voice   3, 1989, 69; 5, 1991, 39-40; 8, 1994,                 28, 32; 10, 1996, 79-80; 19, 2005, 26, 28-30; 21,

            2007, 78; 22, 2008, 65; 23, 2009, 26, 37; 24,

            2010, 101-2, 103, 106; 25, 2011, 88, 90, 96n13

     nature/natural life depicted in   5, 1991, 40-41, 45; 8,                 1994, 37-8; 11, 1997, 35-6; 19, 2005, 27, 32-3;

            22, 2008, 49-50, 51, 64-6

     as a novella   19, 2005, 25, 26-33; 21, 2007, 78; 23,

            2009, 36-7, 38

     paganism in   19, 2005, 27

     publication in Cornhill Magazine   1, 1987, 41, 49; 4,                 1990, 58; 11, 1997, 25, 34; 14, 2000, 29, 57; 19,                     2005, 26; 20, 2006, 32, 42; 21, 2007, 100

     publication history   20, 2006, 36-7

     railways/railway travel depicted in   21, 2007, 67, 70

     as realistic   13, 1999, 8-9, 11, 12-13

     religion depicted in   21, 2007, 78

     John Ruskin: Unto This Last, influence of   10, 1996,                 77-9

     Thomas Seccombefs edition   19, 2005, 5

     secrecy as a theme in   8, 1994, 28-41

     sexual behaviour in   24, 2010, 103, 104-5, 106, 112

     Clement Shorterfs introduction   19, 2005, 9

     Sleeping Beauty fairytale as theme in   20, 2004,

            101-6, 112-13

     Smith, Elder (1865) edition   19, 2005, 3

     sources for   7, 1993, 31; 15, 2001, 70

     style/structure   1, 1987, 41; 11, 1997, 34-40; 19,

            2005, 27, 31-3

     themes see characters/themes above

     title page (second edition)   3, 1989, cover

     Jenny Uglow on   19, 2005, 9

     William Wordsworthfs influence on   22, 2008, 49

     working class education depicted in   22, 2008, 64-6

     writing of   20, 2006, 37-8

Cousin Phillis and Other Tales   20, 2006, 36

Coveney, Peter

     The Image of Childhoodc   16, 2002, 105

Coyier, Terry   21, 2007, 63n16, 64n46

Crabbe, George   9, 1995, 43, 48; 11, 1997, 47, 48

     eRuthf   14, 2000, 21; 18, 2004, 52-3; 24, 2010, 121

     Tales of the Hall   18, 2004, 52

Craft-Fairchild, Catherine   24, 2010, 84

Craik, Mrs [Dinah Maria Mulock]

     A Life for a Life   14, 2000, 18-19

     The Womanfs Kingdom   10, 1996, 27

Craik, George L.

     The Pursuit of Knowledgec   13, 1999, 85, 92

Craik, Wendy A.   16, 2002, 83n7; 22, 2008, 143n41;

     23, 2009, 19

     Elizabeth Gaskell and the English Provincial Novel  

            6, 1992, 4, 14; 8, 1994, 97n12; 10, 1996, 100n1;

            13, 1999, 14n18; 15, 2001, 20n3, n5; 18, 2004,

            22, 25, 34n67; 21, 2007, 50, 89n1, 90n8; 22,

            2008, 124, 140n17; 23, 2009, 16; 24, 2010, 30;

            25, 2011, 45n2

     on Ruth   25, 2011, 30, 45n2

Cranford   1, 1987, 33; 19, 2005, 77

     alternative ending   19, 2005, 98

     America, popularity in   17, 2003, 83-5

     American publication   17, 2003, 79, 84-5

     as autobiographical   9, 1995, 21

     the Bible/biblical allusions in   21, 2007, 40

     Charlotte Brontë on   14, 2000, 29

     Catholicism depicted in   20, 2006, 16

     characters/themes   1, 1987, 10-29, 25n20, 42-3,                                     46n12, 77-80; 4, 1990, 85-90; 5, 1991, 32, 52, 67,                   68; 7, 1993, 7-8, 17; 9, 1995, 23-5, 45; 10, 1996,               22; 11, 1997, 26-34, 40; 14, 2000, 4, 5-7, 28-9,                    103-4; 15, 2001, 56; 17, 2003, 37, 39-49, 59, 79,                     88; 18, 2004, 82; 19, 2005, 15, 69, 94; 20, 2006,

            16, 55, 93; 21, 2007, 38-49; 22, 2008, 11-19, 58,

            70n9, 146, 147, 148-51, 158; 23, 2009, 19, 20-23,

            25-8, 29n6, 33-4; 24, 2010, 3, 10, 14, 33-7, 66-72,

            75-9, 82; 25, 2011, 101

     children in   1, 1987, 12-13, 18-19, 20, 23

     chronology of   1, 1987, 27-9

     class distinction in   23, 2009, 20, 22, 23

     clerical life depicted in   23, 2009, 33

     as a collectivity narrative   17, 2003, 46-9

     comedy in   23, 2009, 16-17, 18-19, 21-2, 29; 24,

            2010, 32-3, 34-5, 44, 78

     as a commodity narrative   17, 2003, 39-46

     critical assessments of   1, 1987, 10, 11, 42-3; 11,

            1993, 68; 14, 2000, 29; 16, 2002, 59; 22, 2008,

            10, 12, 145, 159n3; 23, 2009, 16, 19, 21

     cross-dressing depicted in   21, 2007, 43-4; 22, 2008,

            17; 24, 2010, 75-9, 82

     death/mourning depicted in   14, 2000, 4, 5-7; 19,                       2005, 15; 24, 2010, 68, 69-70, 72n29

     Charles Dickens and   19, 2005, 5; his changes to, in

            Household Words   24, 2010, 66-72; Elizabeth

            Gaskellfs annoyance at   24, 2010, 61; her

            reversion of   24, 2010, 66

     domestic life depicted in  

     dramatic adaptations   17, 2003, 84-5

     editions of   16, 2002, 58; 19, 2005, 6-7; 23, 2009,

            19-20; see also individual editors; publishing

            history below 

     George Eliot on   23, 2009, 35

     emotions depicted in   4, 1990, 74

     feminist analyses of   17, 2003, 59, 73n2, 73nn4-5;

            22, 2008, 10-19, 20n7, 20n11, 145, 159n3; 23,

            2009, 17-19, 21, 22, 26-8, 29n6, 30n14, 30n19,

            31n40

     flowers depicted in   7, 1993, 7-8

     John Forster and   22, 2008, 159n3

     France depicted in   7, 1993, 17; 23, 2009, 22

     French translation   7, 1993, 12-13

     gardens/gardening depicted in   7, 1993, 12-13

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   22, 2008, 145; 23, 2009, 21,

            30n23

     gender issues in   23, 2009, 16-19, 20, 22-3, 25,

            30n14; 24, 2010, 75-6, 77, 78-9, 82; see also

            women below

     German allusions in   7, 1993, 40-41; 25, 2011, 95n5

     heroism depicted in   18, 2004, 82

     humour in   4, 1990, 83-90; 22, 2008, 16, 21n12,

            145-52, 155, 158

     importance of   1, 1987, 10

     Italian translations   1, 1987, 42-3

     Peter Keatingfs edition   1, 1987, 25n8, 27, 29, 29n3;                 4, 1990, 91n5; 17, 2003, 67, 75n50; 22, 2008,

            147, 148, 150-51, 154, 159n6; 24, 2010, 68,

            72n26

     Borislav Knezevic on   19, 2005, 89

     eThe Last Generation in Englandf as precursor of   15,

            2001, 62n4; 19, 2005, 86, 89; 22, 2008, 155

     marriage depicted in   1, 1987, 21-2; 21, 2007, 39,

            46-7

     Harriet Martineau on   16, 2002, 68

     men depicted in   1, 1987, 11-24; 9, 1995, 55, 61-4;                    11, 1997, 32; 21, 2007, 39-40, 41-2, 43-4, 47; 22,

            2008, 13, 16, 17, 21n15; 23, 2009, 18, 19-20

     eMr Harrisonfs Confessionf as precursor of   12, 1998,

            28, 34

     narrative voice   1, 1987, 14; 4, 1990, 85-7; 14, 2000,                 6; 15, 2001, 56; 17, 2003, 34; 21, 2007, 39, 41;

            22, 2008, 11-12, 13-14, 18-19, 20nn10-12, 21n15,

            70n9; 23, 2009, 17, 18, 19, 20, 26-9, 30n7, 31n40;

     nature/natural life depicted in   11, 1997, 27-8

     Newcastle depicted in   5, 1991, 68         

     Bertha Newcombefs illustrations   17, 2003, cover

     Charles Eliot Norton on   17, 2003, 85

     eOur Society at Cranfordf as precursor of   19, 2005,                  86, 89

     as a provincial novel   23, 2009, 16

     publication in Household Words   1, 1987, 28-9; 3,                     1989, 29; 4, 1990, 88; 11, 1997, 25, 26, 29, 30,               31, 34, 41n6; 14, 2000, 48-50; 17, 2003, 34; 19,

            2005, 5, 69, 86; 21, 2007, 48; 22, 2008, 145; 23,

            2009, 33; 24, 2010, 61, 71n1

     publishing history   17, 2003, 39; 19, 2005, 11; see                     also editions of above 

     as a radical novel   23, 2009, 16-17, 18-31

     return from the dead depicted in   20, 2006, 55

     Ernest Rhysfs introduction   19, 2005, 6-7

     Anne Thackeray Ritchiefs Preface   1, 1987, 4; 14,                     2000, 33-4; 19, 2005, 6; 23, 2009, 30n17

     Hilary Schor on   19, 2005, 89; 23, 2009, 22, 26,

            31n40

     sexual conflict in   1, 1987, 11-24

     Clement Shorterfs introduction   19, 2005, 6

     sources for   2, 1988, 76-80

     style/structure   3, 1989, 30; 4, 1990, 89; 11, 1997,

            26-34, 40; 22, 2008, 146-7, 155; 23, 2009, 16-17,

            29n1

     television adaptation   22, 2008, 145, 146, 149, 151-2,

            153, 154-8

     William Thackeray: Vanity Fair and   2, 1988, 76-80

     themes see characters/themes above

     Hugh Thomsonfs illustrations   17, 2003, 43, 85; 23,

            2009, 19-20, 25, 25 

     A. W. Wardfs edition   17, 2003, 85

     Elizabeth Porges Watsonfs edition   1, 1987, 27, 29; 4,               1990, 78n12; 5, 1991, 36n5; 9, 1995, 65n4; 21,

            2007, 49n6; 23, 2009, 29n9

     women depicted in   17, 2003, 59-60, 66-8; 21,

            2007, 38-41; 22, 2008, 10-19, 145-54, 155, 156,

            158; single women   23, 2009, 21-3, 25, 27-9,

            31n41; see also gender issues above 

craniology   16, 2002, 33-4

Creech, William   8, 1994, 77, 78, 79

Crick, Brian, on Mary Barton   21, 2007, 92, 93

Crimean War, 1854-6   14, 2000, 18; 23, 2009, 24, 25

     criticism of/opposition to   23, 2009, 55-6; in

            Manchester   23, 2009, 59-60; see also reaction

            to below 

     ending of   23, 2009, 60-61

     Charles Dickens on   23, 2009, 55

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   23, 2009, 54-63; in her novels

            23, 2009, 56-7

     William Gaskell on   23, 2009, 61-2, 63n23

     losses in   23, 2009, 55, 57, 61; from cholera   23,

            2009, 54, 55, 57

     as a modern war   23, 2009, 54, 55

     newspaper reports on   23, 2009, 54, 55-6; by W. H.

            Russell   25, 2011, 112

     patriotism during   23, 2009, 60-61

     reaction to   23, 2009, 54, 55, 60, 62; from working

            classes   23, 2009, 60-61; see also criticism of

            above 

The Critic of Literaturec (journal)   14, 2000, 69; 19,        2005, 55

Crompton, Charles (Florence Gaskellfs husband)   11,        1997, 63-4; 20, 2006, 23; 22, 2008, 66

eThe Crooked Branchf (short story)   20, 2006, 5-6, 30

     authorfs manuscript   20, 2006, 5, 38-9

     characters/themes   20, 2006, 31, 34, 38-9, 55; 22,

            2008, 58

     publication in All the Year Round   25, 2011, 83-4

     publication history   20, 2006, 39-40

Croskery, Margaret Case   22, 2008, 18, 19n1,

     20nn10-11; 23, 2009, 16, 26

Cross, J. W.    14, 2000, 59

Cross Street Chapel see Manchester, Cross Street Chapel

cross-dressing   9, 1995, 23-4; 14, 2000, 5-6; 20, 2006,

     32, 34; 24, 2010, 73, 83nn4-5

     in Charlotte Brontëfs fiction   24, 2010, 73

     in Cranford   21, 2007, 43-4; 22, 2008, 17; 24, 2010,

            75-9, 82

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   24, 2010, 74-5

     in eThe Grey Womanf   24, 2010, 79-82  

     see also gender issues

Crowe, Catherine: Susan Hopley c, stage adaptation by

     George Dibdin Pitt   25, 2011, 5, 7, 13, 18nn40-41

eCrowley Castlef (short story)   19, 2005, 19; 20, 2006,

     30-31

     authorfs manuscript   20, 2006, 39

     characters/themes   20, 2006, 39, 54-5; 21, 2007, 101

     gothic themes   20, 2006, 54-5

Crowther, James   13, 1999, 85, 87-8, 100nn10-11; 19,

     2005, 39, 42, 43, 44, 50n31

Cruikshank, George   25, 2011, 7

Crystal Palace, London   17, 2003, 35-6, 37, 38

Cuba   24, 2010, 15

Culross, Jack L., on Mary Barton   21, 2007, 92, 93

cultural community concept   20, 2006, 8

eThe Cumberland Beggarf (anon. poem)   8, 1994, 10

eCumberland Sheep-Shearersf (article)   5, 1991, 56; 14,     2000, 69; 16, 2002, 36; 23, 2009, 7-8, 9, 10

Cummins, Maria Susanna

     Mabel Vaughan   19, 2005, 10; Elizabeth Gaskellfs                    introduction   19, 2005, 9-10; 20, 2006, 9

Cundall, H. M.

     The Life and Work of Birket Foster   2, 1988, 55n1

Cunningham, Revfd John

     The Velvet Cushion   18, 2004, 78n6

Cunningham, Phyllis and Lucas, Catherine

     Costume for births, marriages and death   14, 2000,                   13n19

Cunningham, Valentine   14, 2000, 70

eCurious, If Truef (short story)   7, 1993, 28-9; 20, 2006,

     36, 49; 24, 2010, 100

     Angus Eassonfs edition   12, 1998, 26n4

     as a fantasy   7, 1993, 30; 12, 1998, 14-20, 21-7

Curtis, George William   1, 1987, 33, 37

Curtis, Simon   22, 2008, 146

Cuvier, Georges   16, 2002, 16; 17, 2003, 25

 

dfAlbertis, Deidre   22, 2008, 24

     Dissembling fictionsc   14, 2000, 4; 17, 2003, 10n2;                  18, 2004, 32n6, 32n9, 34n51, 34n53, 35n77,                         36n90, 62n1, 85, 88; 22, 2008, 39n8, 41n50, 147

DfAmico, Diane   9, 1995, 28

Dabbs, Rosemary Trevor   20, 2006, 26n38

Daiches, David (editor)

     A Companion to Scottish Culture   8, 1994, 85n2

Daily News   5, 1991, 19; 16, 2002, 72, 73, 84n14

Dale, Revfd Henry   12, 1998, 9

Dallas, E. S.   21, 207, 103

Dalton, John   4, 1990, 47

Daly, Macdonald

     Mary Barton edited by   21, 2007, 37n1, 37n17, 92, 93

Dalzell, Andrew

     Collectanea Graeca Major, William Stevensonfs

            review of   1, 1987, 1

Dalziel Brothers (engravers)   1, 1987, 49

damnation see eternal punishment

dances/balls   13, 1999, 92, 93

Dante Alighieri   4, 1990, 57, 59; 5, 1991, 43

     Thomas Carlyle, influence on   10, 1996, 2-4; 4,

            1990, 57, 58; 18, 2004, 87

     Divine Comedy   10, 1996, 3-13; 18, 2004, 85; 25,

            2011, 24, 28, 29n5; Inferno   3, 1989, 70, 71, 78;

            10, 1996, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 50; Paradiso   4, 1990,

            57; 10, 1996, 3, 9, 10, 15; Purgatorio   10, 1996,

            3

     Elizabeth Gaskell, influence on   9, 1995, 1, 4-11; 18,                 2004, 85

     Charles Eliot Norton on   21, 2007, 102

     Vita Nuova   4, 1990, 58; 10, 1996, 11; 15, 2001, 55;

            25, 2011, 29n5

     see also Italian literature

Darbishire, Marianne

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   3, 1989, 6, 7

Darbishire, Robert   24, 2010, 74

Darbyshire, Mary (Mrs Samuel Darbyshire)   6, 1992, 49

Darbyshire, Samuel   6, 1992, 49

eA Dark Nightfs Workf (short story)   1, 1987, 36, 53; 4,     1990, 58-9; 8, 1994, 26n10; 12, 1998, 6; 17, 2003, 81,             82, 90n10; 20, 2006, 33; 21, 2007, 65-72; 25, 2011,

     85, 106

     analogy used in   21, 2007, 67

     characters/themes   4, 1990, 59; 10, 1996, 7-9; 15,                      2001, 58; 16, 2002, 57; 19, 2005, 15-16; 20,

            2006, 33, 93; 21, 2007, 65-6, 67, 68-71, 71n8,

            72n10; 23, 2009, 37-8; 25, 2011, 101, 110

     class distinction depicted in   21, 2007, 66-7, 68, 70

     clerical life depicted in   23, 2009, 37-8

     critical assessments of   23, 2009, 37

     Dante: Divine Comedy, influence of   10, 1996, 7-9

     Charles Dickens and   21, 2007, 65; 23, 2009, 39n12

     George Du Maurierfs illustrations   53, 69

     egoism depicted in   21, 2007, 65, 66

     gender issues in   21, 2007, 66

     Graham Handley on   19, 2005, 10

     narrative voice   21, 2007, 69

     as a novella   21, 2007, 65; 23, 2009, 36-7, 38

     publication history   20, 2006, 35, 40; 21, 2007, 65

     railways/railway travel depicted in   21, 2007, 67

     esaving lief concept in   21, 2007, 67-8

     as sensation literature   21, 2007, 65, 67

     Clement Shorter on   19, 2005, 10

     style/structure   21, 2007, 71

     writing of   20, 2007, 65

Darling, Grace   18, 2004, 92

Davis, Jim   25, 2011, 17n14, 18n42

Darwin, Charles   4, 1990, 47; 14, 2000, 88; 17, 2003, 12,   13, 20, 21, 31n1; 21, 2007, 98; 22, 2008, 41n49

     Autobiography and Selected Letters   16, 2002, 28n11,               n13

     eA Biographical Sketch of an Infantf   4, 1990, 51n10

     at Cambridge University   22, 2008, 67-8

     on Robert Chambers: Vestiges c   17, 2003, 14

     Charles Darwin and T. H. Huxley: Autobiographies,

            ed. Gavin de Beer   22, 2008, 67-8, 71n29

     evolutionary theory   9, 1995, 46-7; 16, 2002, 14-28;

            17, 2003, 12-33

     Elizabeth Gaskell, meetings with   16, 2002, 14-15

     Elizabeth Gaskell, relationship to   16, 2002, 14, 15,

            30; 22, 2008, 67, 71n28

     Henry Holland, correspondence with   16, 2002, 14

     On the Origin of Speciesc   4, 1990, 51n10; 16, 2002,               14, 17, 19, 20, 23, 28n12, 29n27, 45-6; 17, 2003,                       12, 22, 25, 26, 28; 18, 2004, 44

     Wives and Daughters, Darwin as model for Roger

            Hamley   22, 2008, 67, 68

Darwin, Erasmus (Charles Darwinfs brother)   6, 1992,

     46-7; 17, 2003, 13; 21, 2007, 96-7, 98

     Zoonomia c   17, 2003, 3

Darwin, Francis (editor)

     The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and Selected                   Letters   16, 2002, 28n11, n13

David, Deidre   22, 2008, 141n23

     Fictions of Resolution in Three Victorian Novels c

            2, 1988, 82; 21, 2007, 2, 10-11, 14, 15

Davidoff, Leonore and Hall, Catherine

     Family Fortunesc   12, 1998, 30

Davidson, Hilda Ellis   24, 2010, 108

Davies, Andrew

     Wives and Daughters, television adaptation   14, 2000,

            cover, 85-100

Davies Emily   14, 2000, 59

Davis, Deanna L.   23, 2009, 18

Davis, William   25, 2011, 12

Davy, Humphry   17, 2003, 15

Davy family (of Lesketh How)   23, 2009, 5

Dawkins, Richard

     The Selfish Gene   23, 2009, 30n25

Dawson, George   6, 1992, 54-5; 19, 2005, 43

     The Demands of the Agec   6, 1992, 57n21

Daybell, James (ed.)

     Early Modern Womenfs Letter Writing   24, 2010,

            13, 17n57

de Beer, Gavin

     Charles Darwin and T. H. Huxley: Autobiographies,

            ed. by   22, 2008, 67-8, 71n29

de la Tour, Charlotte

     Le Langage des Fleurs   7, 1993, 1-7

de Lafayette, Mme

     La Princesse de Clèves   7, 1993, 31-2

De Quincey, Thomas   8, 1994, 83-4; 17, 2003, 4; 21,

     2007, 103; 23, 2009, 5

     Confessions of an English Opium Eater   17, 2003, 9

de Sablé, Mme

     Victor Cousin on   13, 1999, 16-17, 18; 14, 2000, 66

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   7, 1993, 18; 13, 1999, 15-19

De Sanctis, Francesco   10, 1996, 4

de Saussure, Albertine Necker

     Sur lfEducation Progressive   7, 1993, 68-9, 77n5; 16,               2002, 88

de Sévigné, Mme   7, 1993, 31

     correspondence   13, 1999, 19-20

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   7, 1993, 17, 18, 24-6; 13, 1999,                15-24

     life   13, 1999, 19-20

     Virginia Woolf on   13, 1999, 23

de Stäel, Mme   8, 1994, 10

     on German Romanticism   25, 2011, 95n5

     on Germany   25, 2011, 95n5

de Stasio, Clotilde

     Lo scrittore e le due nazionic   1, 1987, 45

De Tocqueville, Alexis   3, 1989, 50; 7, 1993, 23

     on Manchester   3, 1989, 52, 54, 56

de Vere, Aubrey   20, 2006, 21, 22

the dead, return of   20, 2006, 55

deaf children, education of   24, 2010, 8

death/illness   19, 2005, 15; 22, 2008, 49; 25, 2011, 89,

     95nn-67

     attitudes to   3, 1989, 3-4; 6, 1992, 25-6, 39n1; 9,

            1995, 29; 25, 2011, 48, 51

     of children   6, 1992, 68; 7, 1993, 74, 77n9; 8, 1994,                   25; 9, 1995, 33, 34-5; 10, 1996, 84, 90n9; 13,                 1999, 75, 108-9; 14, 2000, 2; 15, 2001, 60; 16,              2002, 66, 95-6, 97-8; 19, 2005, 20, 21; 22, 2008,

            45, 55n11, 105-7

     depicted in Cousin Phillis   19, 2005, 26-7

     depicted in Cranford   24, 2010, 68, 69-70, 72n29

     depicted in Mary Barton   25, 2011, 114-15

     depicted in North and South   22, 2008, 105

     depicted in Ruth   25, 2011, 30, 32, 43-4, 48, 49,

            57-60

     depicted in eSix Weeks at Heppenheimf   25, 2011,

            88, 89, 90, 92, 93-4, 95

     depicted in Sylviafs Lovers   22, 2008, 48-9

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs attitude to   2, 1988, 54; 6, 1992,                  68; 7, 1993, 74, 77n9; 9, 1995, 39; 13, 1999, 75,                       108-9; 18, 2004, 16, 19, 29-31, 32n9, 59, 71, 75

     headaches see headaches

     mourning   14, 2000, 4-12

     the return of the dead   9, 1995, 43-54; 14, 2000,

            20-21; 18, 2004, 45-6, 91

     see also violence

death penalty   19, 2005, 22

Dei, Fedora   1, 1987, 44

eThe Demon Loverf (anon. poem)   10, 1996, 33 

Dening, Greg

     The Death of William Goochc   19, 2005, 51n42

Denith, Simon   21, 2007, 22

Derbyshire see Chatsworth House, Derbyshire

Desmond, Adrian and Moore, James

     Darwin   17, 2003, 32n3, 32n5

destitution see unemployment

determinism   6, 1992, 59-60

Devonport Sisterhood (Anglican Order)   17, 2003, 62-3,    66

Devonshire, Duke of   25, 2011, 112, 113

deVries, Jacqueline see Morgan, Sue and deVries,

     Jacqueline

Dewey, John   16, 2002, 55

diaconate orders (deaconesses)   17, 2003, 72, 76n66,          76n70

     see also womenfs religious communities

dialect poets   22, 2008, 97, 98, 99

     see also Bamford, Samuel; working class poets

dialect words   5, 1991, 2, 5; 8, 1994, 87-97; 10, 1996

     19; 20, 2006, 112; 22, 2008, 90

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   8, 1994, 89-96; 11,                      1997, 48-9; 22, 2008, 99, 100-101

     William Gaskellfs interest in   22, 2008, 99-100, 101

     Lancashire   1, 1987, 25n14; 2, 1988, 4; 5, 1991, 67;

            8, 1994, 89-92; 22, 2008, 50, 99-101

     eThe Oldham Weaverf as a dialect poem   10, 1996, 36

     see also language; oral traditions

Dibdin, Charles

     Observations oncScotland   8, 1994, 45-6

Dibdin, T. F.

     The Library Companionc, William Stevensonfs

            review of   1, 1987, 4-5

Dicey, Mrs Anne   20, 2006, 22

Dicey, Edward   15, 2001, 56; 20, 2006, 10

     Six Months in the Federal States   20, 2006, 10

     Wives and Daughters, review of   15, 2001, 62n8

Dickens, Albert (Charles Dickensfs son)   18, 2004, 10,      11

Dickens, Charles (Boz)   3, 1989, 29, 50; 5, 1991, 34; 17,

     2003, 56; 19, 2005, 58; 24, 2010, 28, 58n20; 25, 2011,

     106

     in America   15, 2001, 57, 59; 20, 2006, 95, 100n9

     American Notes   20, 2006, 100n9

     eThe Amusements of the Peoplef (article)   14, 2000,                 46

     on Samuel Bamford   22, 2008, 98

     Barnaby Rudge   24, 2010, 50, 59n51, 115-16, 125n4

     Bleak House   3, 1989, 61; 16, 2002, 2, 9; 22, 2008,

            70n23; 24, 2010, 65-6, 85, 86; stage adaptation  

            25, 2011, 2, 90

     Dion Boucicault: The Long Strike, as script advisor on  

            25, 2011, 1

     on the census of 1851   20, 2006, 68-70

     Chapman and Hall as his publisher   25, 2011, 79

     eA Childfs Dream of a Starf (short story)   20, 2006, 2

     his Christmas Books   25, 2011, 80; see also next entry

     A Christmas Carol   1, 1987, 27; 2, 1988, 42; 4, 1990,

            78n11; 24, 2010, 9, 70

     Henry Cole, correspondence with   17, 2003, 49n21

     Wilkie Collins and   22, 2008, 31

     Cranford and   19, 2005, 5; see also Thomas Hood and

            below

     on Crimean War   23, 2009, 55

     eA Dark Nightfs Workf and   21, 2007, 65; 23, 2009,

            39n12

     David Copperfield   14, 2000, 45; 24, 2010, 85, 86

     George Dolby, correspondence with   25, 2011, 1,

            17n4

     Dombey and Son   1, 1987, 12, 25n9; 3, 1989, 75; 20,

            2006, 98, 101n16; 21, 2007, 67

     as an editor   20, 2006, 6, 38-9, 40; 21, 2007, 100

     on education   22, 2008, 56, 59, 60, 70n10

     Edwin Drood   24, 2010, 66

     English Civil War depicted by   24, 2010, 85, 86

     on the fallen woman   23, 2009, 43, 52n15

     family    18, 2004, 10, 11

     Charles Fechter, correspondence with   25, 2011, 1,

            16n3

     John Forster, correspondence with   24, 2010, 79,

            83n19

     John Forster: Life of c   17, 2003, 49n13; 18, 2004, 3

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   14, 2000,

            45-6, 50, 51-2, 53; 17, 2003, 50; 18, 2004, 79n15;

            20, 2006, 2, 3, 6, 7; 23, 2009, 60; 24, 2010, 79;

            25, 2011, 98

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   3, 1989, 29; 5, 1991, 20; 6,                     1992, 29; 14, 2000, 4, 7; 16, 2002, 58; 19, 2005,                       102; 20, 2006, 18, 38; 23, 2009, 52n18; 25, 2011,

            80-82, 110

     on Elizabeth Gaskell   19, 2005, 15

     as Elizabeth Gaskellfs publisher   5, 1991, 20; 14,

            2000, 45-58, 69, 73-84

     William Gaskell, correspondence with   14, 2000, 51;

            20, 2006, 2

     eThe Great Exhibitioncf   17, 2003, 49n18

     Great Expectations   24, 2010, 66; 25, 2011, 19

     on the Great Exhibition   17, 2003, 35, 36-7, 48

     Hard Times   2, 1988, 14; 3, 1989, 57, 76; 8, 1994, 88,                102; 14, 2000, 75; 16, 2002, 2, 3, 9, 10-12; 18,                     2004, 79n18; 20, 2006, 98; 21, 2007, 19n6; 22,

            2008, 59, 63; 23, 2009, 34; 24, 2010, 64

     on eThe Heart of John Middletonf   18, 2004, 69

     Georgina Hogarth, correspondence with   25, 2011,

            1, 16n2

     Thomas Hood and   24, 2010, 62, 64-5; Dickensf

            use of as a substitute for himself when editing

            Cranford   24, 2010, 61, 63, 65, 66-76

     Thomas Hoodfs influence on   24, 2010, 65-6, 72n17

     on Household Words   17, 2003, 34, 37

     eIt Is Not Generally Knownf (article)   14, 2000, 55-6

     juvenilia   18, 2004, 3

     as a lecturer/speaker   22, 2008, 70n10

     Lettersc ed. Graham Storey   14, 2000, 45, 57n1,

            83n3; 20, 2006, 45n29; 25, 2011, 16nn2-4, 86n9

     Little Dorrit   22, 2008, 70n23; 24, 2010, 10-11

     eLizzie Leighf, his influence on   23, 2009, 49; 25,

            2011, 81

     London, depiction of   3, 1989, 59

     on London theatre audiences   25, 2011, 3, 17n13

     Martin Chuzzlewit   15, 2001, 57; 25, 2011, 79

     on Mary Barton   14, 2000, 45; 20, 2006, 7; 25, 2011,

            1

     eMisner, The Sultan of Indiaf   18, 2004, 3

     narrative voice, use of   25, 2011, 90

     on North and South   10, 1996, 42; 14, 2000, 50-56,                    73-84

     eNumbers of the Peoplef   20, 2006, 68-71

     The Old Curiosity Shop   24, 2010, 64-5, 72nn16-17

     eThe Old Nursefs Storyf and   25, 2011, 81

     Oliver Twist, stage adaptation   25, 2011, 5

     eOn Strikef (short story)   16, 2002, 9-10

     Our Mutual Friend   5, 1991, 51; 16, 2002, 9; 22,

            2008, 59; 24, 2010, 86

     personal life   20, 2006, 41

     The Pickwick Papers   1, 1987, 16, 27; 17, 2003, 42;

            24, 2010, 66-8, 69, 116; 25, 2011, 79

     Pictures from Italy   4, 1990, 61-2

     eA Preliminary Wordf 17, 2003, 34

     as a railway traveller   20, 2006, 97-8

     railways/railway travel depicted by   21, 2007, 67

     his rates of pay for short stories   20, 2006, 40

     social conflict, interest in   20, 2006, 68-71

     Charles Sumner, correspondence with   24, 2010,

            72n25

     A Tale of Two Cities   18, 2004, 38; 25, 2011, 83, 104,

            105

     on technological advances   22, 2008, 20n23

     violent themes, use of   19, 2005, 14

     W. H. Wills, correspondence with   18, 2004, 79n15

     see also All the Year Round; Daily News; Household                  Words

Dickens, Henry (Charles Dickensfs son)   18, 2004, 10,

     11

Dickerson, Vanessa D. (ed.)

     Keeping the Victorian House c   21, 2007, 89n1

Dickinsonfs Comprehensive Pictures of the Great   Exhibition   17, 2003, 49n18

Dictionary of National Biography   13, 1999, 88, 90, 98

     A. W. Wardfs essay on Elizabeth Gaskell   19, 2005,

            2, 4, 97

Digby, Anne

     Making a Medical Livingc   12, 1998, 35n9

dining/dining rooms   22, 2008, 22, 30-34, 36

dinner, timing of   22, 2008, 31-2

     see also domesticity; food

eDisappearancesf (article)   5, 1991, 67-8; 14, 2000,

     20-21, 47-8; 20, 2006, 41, 46n46, 48, 51-2

discourse theory   17, 2003, 52-3

disorder see social conflict; violence

Disraeli, Benjamin   3, 1989, 50; 21, 2007, 3

     Coningsby   2, 1988, 14

     Sybilc   2, 1988, 3, 14; 3, 1989, 16; 8, 1994, 87-8;

            16, 2002, 35-6; 20, 2006, 111; 21, 2007, 2, 6-7;

            trade union movement depicted in   24, 2010,

            48, 50, 51, 57n9, 58n30

dissent see religious conscience

Dissenting Academies   15, 2001, 7-8

     see also education

District Provident Society, Manchester   19, 2005, 39

district visitors   20, 2006, 85, 90nn34-5

Dives and Lazarus, parable of   3, 1989, 2, 5; 6, 1992, 34

divorce   9, 1995, 48; 14, 2000, 21

     attitudes to   5, 1991, 17, 23

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   18, 2004, 45

     see also marriage

Dixon, W. T. see Lock, John and Dixon, W. T.

Dobson, John   22, 2008, 90

doctors/medical practice

     in eMr Harrisonfs Confessionf   12, 1998, 28-36

     income levels   12, 1998, 29

     qualifications   12, 1998, 29, 34

Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge (Lewis Carroll)   18, 2004, 9

     The Rectory Magazine   18, 2004, 10

Dodsworth, Martin   1, 1987, 13, 24n7, 25n11, n13, n16;

     2, 1988, 80n5; 11, 1997, 41n5; 17, 2003, 68; 23, 2009,

     19, 20, 21, 22

     North and South edited by   25, 2011, 29n2

Doherty, Alfred   12, 1998, 43-4

Dolan, Brian

     Wedgwood   21, 2007, 99nn4-7, 99n9

Dolby, George, Charles Dickens, correspondence with  

     25, 2011, 1, 17n4

Dolin, Tim: Ruth edited by   25, 2011, 38, 46n21, 47n30,

     48, 61n4

Domestic Mission (Unitarian)   20, 2006, 104, 110

domestic life/work   7, 1993, 51-3; 8, 1994, 21, 22-3; 24,

     2010, 30-46, 73

     depicted in Cranford   24, 2010, 30, 31, 33-7, 43

     depicted in Wives and Daughters   24, 2010, 30, 31,

            37-43

     see also working women

domestic violence   23, 2009, 36

domestication of animals   17, 2003, 22

domesticity

     dining/dining rooms, significance of   22, 2008, 22,

            30-34, 36

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   22, 2008, 23-4, 38

     household management   22, 2008, 22, 30-31

     literary depiction of   22, 2008, 22-3, 24

     see also ematernal thinkingf concept; social manners

Domosh, Mona   16, 2002, 83n1

Dooley, Allan C.

     Author and Printer in Victorian England, 20, 2006,

            13n2, 13n4

eThe Doom of the Griffithsf (short story)   8, 1994, 19;

     15, 2001, 34, 35-6, 37n2; 17, 2003, 80; 20, 2006, 56-7;

     25, 2011, 83

     characters/themes   13, 1999, 70, 79, 80-81, 82-3; 19,                 2005, 19-20, 23; 20, 2006, 56-7

     gothic themes   20, 2006, 56-7

     Welsh setting   13, 1999, 69

Doré, Gustave

     illustrations by   20, 2006, 97

Dowell, Ben   22, 2008, 160n28, 160n33

dreams/dreaming   24, 2010, 74, 83n9

     depicted in Ruth   21, 2007, 89-90, 103

dress see fashion/style

Drew, John, on Household Words   25, 2011, 81, 85,

     87n12

Dronsfield, John

     Incidents and Anecdotes of the Late Samuel Bamford  

            22, 2008, 104

drugs   12, 1998, 29, 35n1, 43

Drummond, J.   6, 1992, 57n17

Du Maurier, Daphne   20, 2006   58

     The Young George Du Maurier   1, 1987, 54n1

du Maurier, George

     cartoons by   1, 1987, 48, 49

     eye problems   1, 1987, 48

     illustrations by   1, 1987, cover, 48-54, 55-70;

            4, 1990, 63n4; 8, 1994, 41; 18, 2004, 47, 90; 19,

            2005, 1, 100; 20, 2006, 36; 22, 2008, 23, 35, 36-8;

            25, 2011, 82, 85

     importance of his work   22, 2008, 23, 36

     Leonée Ormond on   22, 2008, 41n54

Duckworth, Alistair   10, 1996, 93

Duckworth, Captain George   23, 2009, 54, 55, 57

Duckworth, Julia see Stephen, Julia

Duckworth family   23, 2009, 54

duels   8, 1994, 84

Duffield, H. B.

     A Strangerfs Guide to Manchester   3, 1989, 67n15

Duffy, Charles Gavan   6, 1992, 52

Dumas, Alexander

     La Dame aux Camélias   7, 1993, 4

Duncan, Russell   9, 1995, 9-10

Duncan, Dr W. H.   20, 2006, 76-7

Dunbar, William   8, 1994, 42

Dunn, Richard J.   18, 2004, 13n11

Durham University   22, 2008, 67, 71n27

Duthie, Enid   3, 1989, 40n1; 24, 2010, 127n33

     The Themes of Elizabeth Gaskell   12, 1998, 21, 28

duty see conscience

Dwight, Culler A.

     The Victorian Mirror of History   21, 2007, 85n26

 

Eagleton, Terry   16, 2002, 47n37

     The English Novel   22, 2008, 30

Easson, Angus   8, 1994, 90; 20, 2006, 89n28

     Cousin Phillis edited by   5, 1991, 14n8; 6, 1992,

            14n2; 8, 1994, 40n1; 20, 2006, 44n4

     eCurious, If Truef edited by   12, 1998, 26n4

     on Elizabeth Gaskell   19, 2005, 105

     Elizabeth Gaskell   3, 1989, 26n3, 41n8; 6, 1992,                        39n1; 10, 1996, 67; 11, 1997, 13n2; 12, 1998,                         26n3; 15, 2001, 20n8; 16, 2002, 109n2; 17, 2003,

            58n13; 18, 2004, 35n78; 19, 2005, 66n21; 20,

            2006, 45n15; 22, 2008, 112n14; 24, 2010, 59n52;

            25, 2011, 61, 96n15

     Elizabeth Gaskell. The Critical Heritage (editor)                        6, 1992, 56n1; 7, 1993, 55; 9, 1995, 41n5; 11,                         1997, 13n2; 13, 1999, 102n42; 14, 2000, 34n2;

            15, 2001, 20n1, 62n8; 16, 2002, 84n14; 17, 2003,

            90n12; 18, 2004, 33n20, 34n64, 34n69, 35n78,                     63n12, 93n1, 94n10; 19, 2005, 51nn40-41, 51n47;

            20, 2006, 44n1; 21, 2007, 37n18, 63n63, 90n8;

            22, 2008, 113n29, 114n49

     on eThe Grey Womanf   20, 2006, 31

     Life of Charlotte Brontë edited by   11, 1997, 13n2;

            21, 2007, 103; 22, 2008, 95n30; 23, 2009, 15n38

     on Life of Charlotte Brontë   18, 2004, 2, 14nn12-13

     on eLois the Witchf   24, 2010, 98n23

     Mary Barton edited by   13, 1999, 100n9; 21, 2007,

            92; 24, 2010, 54

     North and South edited by   4, 1990, 29, 77n2; 6,                        1992, 14n2; 14, 2000, 76; 21, 2007, 20n37; 22,

            2008, 139n12, 141nn24-5, 142n40; 25, 2011,

            29n3, 118n9

     on North and South   10, 1996, 42

     Ruth edited by   18, 2004, 19-20, 22, 29, 31, 31n4,                      32n8, 32n19, 33n21, 33n27, 34n64, 35n71,

            36n92; 21, 2007, 89n1, 90n1, 103

     on Ruth   25, 2011, 50, 101, 103n55

     on eSix Weeks at Heppenheimf   25, 2011, 96n15

     Wives and Daughters edited by   4, 1990, 50n2; 5,                      1991, 60n4; 24, 2010, 118

East, W. G.   15, 2001, 52n27

East India Company   17, 2003, 7, 10n6

Eastlake, Charles   22, 2008, 30

     Hints on Household Taste c   22, 2008, 40n41

eating see meals

Eckermann, Johann Peter   19, 2005, 85n24

     Conversations with Goethec   19, 2005, 81, 85n24;                   translated by Margaret Fuller   19, 2005, 71, 78

economics see political economy

Edgeworth, Maria   6, 1992, 74; 8, 1994, 49

     Castle Rackrent   21, 2007, 38-9

     Helen   6, 1992, 73-4, 75; 21, 2007, 51

     on Mary Barton   3, 1989, 3

Edinburgh see Scotland

Edinburgh Evening Courant   8, 1994, 51-2

Edinburgh Review   1, 1987, 6; 8, 1994, 46, 55, 80; 10,        1996, 3; 14, 2000, 65; 16, 2002, 68; 20, 2006, 4, 62-3;

     24, 2010, 119

     Mary Barton reviewed in   12, 1998, 39

     William Stevensonfs articles in   1, 1987, 1-2

Edinburgh University   22, 2008, 73, 78

     Speculative Society   22, 2008, 78

education   3, 1989, 68-80; 16, 2002, 94; 17, 2003, 14;        19, 2005, 40; 22, 2008, 56-71

     adult see adult education

     boarding schools   22, 2008, 57, 58

     book learning   19, 2005, 41-2

     classical   2, 1988, 21-2, 25-6, 27-8, 30, 32; 3, 1989,

            69-70, 71, 72; 4, 1990, 45-6; 16, 2002, 17-18,                      28n13; 22, 2008, 27, 33, 41n47, 58, 61-2, 65, 67,

            68

     of deaf children   24, 2010, 8

     Charles Dickens on   22, 2008, 56, 59, 60, 70n10

     Dissenting Academies   15, 2001, 7-8

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   22, 2008, 56; in her fiction   22,

            2008, 56-7, 58, 59-69

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs see womenfs education  

     William Gaskellfs   15, 2001, 7; 22, 2008, 58, 62

     in Manchester   22, 2008, 60

     public schools   4, 1990, 46; 22, 2008, 41n47, 58, 67,

            69n5

     scientific   16, 2002, 17-18, 28n13; 17, 2003, 30; see                  also scientific interests

     self-improvement   13, 1999, 85-103; 19, 2005, 34,

            36-8

     William Stevensonfs   8, 1994, 42

     through experience   10, 1996, 14-26

     through travel   11, 1997, 62

     Unitarian views on   16, 2002, 17, 18, 31, 33, 40-41;                   18, 2004, 67; 19, 2005, 37, 48, 49; 25, 2011,

            50-51, 53, 54, 60

     as universal   22, 2008, 56

     universities   15, 2001, 2, 7; 22, 2008, 58, 62, 66-9, 75,

            77; see also individual universities

     uses of   2, 1988, 24-8; 3, 1989, 69-72, 78-9; 4, 1990,                 44-7; 16, 2002, 31; 17, 2003, 22-3

     in Wales   13, 1999, 78-9

     of women see womenfs education

     of working classes see working class education

     see also individual schools; teaching/teachers

Education Act 1870   22, 2008, 56

Edwards, Griffith

     Opium and the People c   17, 2003, 11n12

Egerton, Francis   16, 2002, 30

ego/id conflict

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   20, 2006, 51, 53-4  

egoism, depicted in eA Dark Nightfs Workf   21, 2007,

     65, 66

Egypt

     Annie and Emily Green in   24, 2010, 11

Ehrenpreis, Anne Henry   15, 2001, 63n10

Eichendorff, Joseph von

     Aus dem Lebenc   12, 1998, 3

Eichorn, Johann Gottfried   8, 1994, 4-5, 6, 7

Elbourne, R. P.

     Music and traditionc   13, 1999, 101n26

Eliot, Catherine see Norton, Catherine

Eliot, George (Mary Ann (Marian) Evans)   10, 1996, 66,

     67; 13, 1999, 13; 16, 2002, 14, 30, 54; 19, 2004, 28;

     25, 2011, 21, 23, 28

     Adam Bede   5, 1991, 34-5; 6, 1992, 15; 14, 2000, 66,                 67; 16, 2002, 64, 67, 74; 18, 2004, 83; 20, 2006,

            9, 67; 21, 2007, 70, 72n14, 113n5; 23, 2009, 35;

            Elizabeth Gaskell on   23, 2009, 35

     adoption of her pen name   14, 2000, 66, 67; 23, 2009,

            32, 33

     autobiography   14, 2000, 2

     Samuel Bamford and   22, 2008, 98

     eBrother Jacobf   17, 2003, 58n6; 23, 2009, 39n9

     Cabinet Edition of her work   19, 2005, 83n7

     David Cecil on   2, 1988, 81

     on clerical life   23, 2009, 35-6, 38-9; see also Scenes

            of Clerical Life below

     Daniel Deronda   17, 2003, 90n7; 23, 2009, 36

     as editor, Westminster Review   13, 1999, 18; 14,           

            2000, 65

     Edward Neville   18, 2004, 14n26

     Essaysc   20, 2006, 72n24

     on the fallen woman   23, 2009, 52nn15-16

     Felix Holt, the Radical   22, 2008, 98; 23, 2009, 35

     feminist criticism of   2, 1988, 82

     Annie Adams Fields, correspondence with   19, 2005,                59-60

     Annie Adams Fields and   19, 2005, 59-60

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   6, 1992, 15;                 14, 2000, 15; 20, 2006, 8, 9; 23, 2009, 34-5

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   16, 2002, 64

     Sara Hennell, correspondence with   23, 2009, 32

     importance/influence   14, 2000, 59-60, 61, 67-8

     income   14, 2000, 66, 67

     as a journalist   14, 2000, 59, 65-8

     Journals   14, 2000, 66, 71n21

     juvenilia   18, 2004, 9-10

     Lettersc edited by Gordon S. Haight   14, 2000, 71n1;

            19, 2005, 67nn38-41, 67n43, 67nn45-51; 23,

            2009, 32, 35, 39nn3-4, 39nn6-8, 39n14

G. H. Lewes and   14, 2000, 66; 23, 2009, 32, 33

     on Life of Charlotte Brontë   23, 2009, 32

     eThe Lifted Veilf   19, 2005, 25; 23, 2009, 39n9; 25,

            2011, 90-91

     linguistic abilities   19, 2005, 70, 83n7

     Middlemarch   3, 1989, 78; 10, 1996, 22; 11, 1997,                     20; 13, 1999, 8, 10-11; 14, 2000, 98; 16, 2002,                       67; 19, 2005, 31, 61; 21, 2007, 77; 23, 2009, 35-6;

            25, 2011, 24; television adaptation   22, 2008, 54,

            68, 146

     The Mill on the Floss   2, 1988, 41; 8, 1994, 28, 39;

            14, 2000, 2, 67; 18, 2004, 79n18; 22, 2008, 58;

            23, 2009, 35, 52nn15-16

     narrative voice, use of   25, 2011, 90-91

     eThe Natural History of German Lifef   20, 2006,

            72n26

     novellas by   23, 2009, 36-7, 39n9

     Mrs Oliphant: The Chronicles of Carlingford and

            23, 2009, 39

     Margaret Oliphant (Mrs Oliphant) on   14, 2000,

            59-60, 67

     Bessie Rayner Parkes and   14, 2000, 66-7

     Anne Thackeray Ritchie and   19, 2005, 59

     Gerlinde Röder-Bolton: George Eliot and Goethec

            19, 2005, 83n7

     Romola   18, 2004, 38-9, 72; 20, 2006, 38; 23, 2009,

            36, 37, 39n10; publication in Cornhill Magazine  

            22, 2008, 30

     on John Ruskin   13, 1999, 1

     Scenes of Clerical Life   5, 1991, 29, 35n4; 6, 1992,                    15, 16; 14, 2000, 66; 16, 2002, 74; 19, 2005, 25;

            23, 2009, 32, 33, 35, 36; Elizabeth Gaskell on

            23, 2009, 34, 35

     Silas Marner   25, 2011, 26

     eSilly Novels by Lady Novelistsf   18, 2004, 67; 23,

            2009, 32, 38, 39n13

     social conflict, interest in   20, 2006, 67-8

     Harriet Beecher Stowe, correspondence with   19,

            2005, 59, 60-61

     Harriet Beecher Stowe and   19, 2005, 59, 60-61

     eWoman in Francecf (article)   13, 1999, 18-19

     writing style   16, 2002, 15

Eliot, T. S.   19, 2005, 8

Eliza Cookfs Journal see under Cook, Eliza

St Elizabeth of Hungary   20, 2006, 24, 26n24

Elliott, Dorice Williams   20, 2006, 90n35

     The Angel of the House   20, 2006, 87, 90n34

     on North and South 20, 2006, 87, 90n34, 112, 114n7,

            114n9

Elliott, Ebenezer   2, 1988, 4, 5, 7; 10, 1996, 29, 30; 11,

     1997, 47, 48; 13, 1999, 89; 14, 2000, 76

     Corn-Law Rhymes   10, 1996, 31-2

     Kerhonah   10, 1996, 32-3

     Poetical Works   10, 1996, 31, 34

     The Splendid Village   10, 1996, 33-4

     The Village Patriarch   10, 1996, 34

     eWinhillf   10, 1996, 32

     eWithered Wildflowersf   10, 1996, 31, 33

Elliott, Philip

     The Sociology of the Professions   12, 1998, 30

Ellis, Sarah Stickney   16, 2002, 95

     The Daughters of England   14, 2000, 88

     The Mothers of England   7, 1993, 68; 16, 2002, 86,                    87, 87-8, 89, 93, 96

     The Woman of England   11, 1997, 55, 56, 60

Elshtain, Jean Bethke   2, 1988, 91

Ember, Carol R. and Melvin

     Cultural Anthropology   8, 1994, 97n7

Emerson, Ralph Waldo   6, 1992, 53, 56n14; 13, 1999,        102n44

     The Collected Worksc   19, 2005, 84nn19-20, 84n22

     The Dial   6, 1992, 53, 54

     in England   15, 2001, 56-7; 19, 2005, 76, 84n17

     eGoethe, or the Writerf   19, 2005, 76-7

     his lectures   19, 2005, 76-8, 84n18, 84n21

     eRepresentative Menf   19, 2005, 76, 84n21

     as a Unitarian   12, 1998, 15; 15, 2001, 9

emigration   9, 1995, 47; 10, 1996, 88; 14, 2000, 46-7;        17, 2003, 2; 23, 2009, 25

Emmett, Frank   22, 2008, 111

emotion(s)

     depicted in North and South   4, 1990, 64-78; 21,

            2007, 5-6, 7, 9

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs novels   25, 2011, 19-29

     memory and   25, 2011, 22-3

     see also individual emotions; sentimentalism

Encyclopaedia Britannica   8, 1994, 43, 49, 78-9

     9th edition   19, 2005, 97; Flora Massonfs biographical               essay on Elizabeth Gaskell in   19, 2005, 1, 99n5

Engels, Frederick/Friedrich   11, 1997, 15

     The Condition of the Working Class in England   3,

            1989, 17, 50, 59; 18, 2004, 33n29; 20, 2006, 73,

            75, 76-7, 80; 21, 2007, 35

     in Manchester   3, 1989, 50

     on Manchester   20, 2006, 65, 66, 73, 74, 75, 76-7, 80

engineering see technological advances

English Civil War   17, 2003, 16; 24, 2010, 85-6, 97n1,

     97n6, 98n18

     interest in/publications on   24, 2010, 85

     eLois the Witchf, influence on   24, 2010, 85, 86, 91-7

     in Morton Hall   24, 2010, 85, 86-91

     witchfinders in   24, 2010, 98n20

     women in   24, 2010, 86

English Men of Letters series   19, 2005, 2

The Englishwomanfs Journal   5, 1991, 23; 14, 2000,

     66-7

engravers/engravings   8, 1994, 14; 13, 1999, 76; 19,           2005, 87

     wood block engraving   1, 1987, 48-9, 50; 2, 1988, 48

     see also illustrators/illustrations; painters/painting

the Enlightenment   18, 2004, 66

entomology, amateur interest in   19, 2005, 44

environmental conditions

     human development and   16, 2002, 30-47

epigraphs/mottoes   19, 2005, 69

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   2, 1988, 1, 4; 7, 1993,                 38-9; 10, 1996, 51; 11, 1997, 12; 14, 2000, 76,                       77, 82; 19, 2005, 3, 69, 72; 22, 2008, 43, 45, 52

The Era (journal)   25, 2011, 4, 5, 17, 17nn17-19, 17n24,

     17nn26-7, 17n29

escapism

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction as   12, 1998, 15-16

Essays in Criticism   16, 2002, 61

eternal punishment   6, 1992, 26, 28-9, 32-4; 10, 1996, 45

     atonement   6, 1992, 59-60, 62, 64, 66n12

     redemption   6, 1992, 59-60, 63, 64-5

ethical maturity   2, 1988, 84-5

ethnology   16, 2002, 31-47; 17, 2003, 15-16

     craniology   16, 2002, 33-4

     Norman Yoke theory   16, 2002, 47n36

     Negro races   16, 2002, 32-3

     Teutonic races   16, 2002, 41-2

etymology   1, 1987, 14, 25n14

Euler, Leonhard

     Letters to a German Princessc   1, 1987, 6

Evangelical fiction   18, 2004, 66-7

Evangelical Magazine   18, 2004, 66

Evangelical publications   25, 2011, 79

Evangelicalism   20, 2006, 15; 25, 2011, 48, 49, 50, 60,

     61nn6-7

     sin, concept of   25, 2011, 48-9, 59

     women, attitudes to   25, 2011, 50

     see also religion

Evans, Isaac (George Eliotfs brother)   23, 2009, 33

Evans, John   20, 2006, 26n34

Evans, Mary Anne/Marian/Marianne see Eliot, George

Evans, William and Thomas   14, 2000, 12n6

Eve, Jeannette   18, 2004, 31n5

Everyman Editions   19, 2005, 67

Evison, Henry

     Mary Barton, illustration for   15, 2001, cover

evolutionary theory   9, 1995, 46-7; 17, 2003, 12-33

     biological laws   17, 2003, 15, 17-18

     Robert Chambers on   17, 2003, 13-14, 25

     domestication of animals   17, 2003, 22

     Henry Holland on   16, 2002, 14

     monogenetics   17, 2003, 19, 20, 32n20

     reflected in My Lady Ludlow   17, 2003, 20-24

     reflected in Wives and Daughters   16, 2002, 15-29;                   17, 2003, 25-31

     transmutation   17, 2003, 13-14, 25, 26

     see also Darwin, Charles  

Ewart, Mary

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   2, 1988, 9

Ewart family   23, 2009, 4

     death in Cawnpore massacre   23, 2009, 55

The Examiner [and London Review]   24, 2010,

     58nn32-4; 25, 2011, 14, 18n47

     My Lady Ludlow reviewed in   3, 1989, 30

Eyler, John

     Victorian Social Medicinec    20, 2006, 71n5

 

Factories Acts 1833; 1844   22, 2008, 59, 70n12

factory paternalism concept   24, 2010, 47, 55-6, 59n62

Factory Schools   22, 2008, 59-60, 70n12

     see also working class education

Fairbairn, William   13, 1999, 88; 16, 2002, 30

fairy godmothers   24, 2010, 108-9, 110, 111, 113,

     114n21

fairytales   20, 2006, 32, 45n16, 48, 49; 24, 2010, 28, 70

     Arthurian legend   24, 2010, 110, 111, 113, 114n21

     Bluebeard   24, 2010, 81, 82, 84n21, 100

     Cinderella   24, 2010, 100, 114n21; as a theme in

            North and South   24, 2010, 106, 108-9, 111, 112,

            113

     eCurious, If Truef as   7, 1993, 30; 12, 1998, 14-20,

            21-7

     forests, significance of   24, 2010, 101, 107

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs liking for   24, 2010, 113

     by Grimm Brothers   24, 2010, 100, 110, 113n8,

            114n14

     the knight in   24, 2010, 101, 106-7, 110-11, 113

     popularity in Victorian England   24, 2010, 100, 110

     Rapunzel   24, 2010, 100, 101, 102, 103, 105, 110,

            112, 114n14

     Sleeping Beauty (Briar Rose)   24, 2010, 100-101; as

            a theme in Cousin Phillis   24, 2010, 101-6,

            112-13; as a theme in North and South   24, 2010,

            106-8, 109, 111-12, 113

     themes   24, 2010, 100-101

     see also childrenfs literature

the fall of man   5, 1991, 37-9; 23, 2009, 44-5

     Thomas Carlyle on   5, 1991, 38-9, 41

     depicted in Cousin Phyllis   5, 1991, 37-8, 39-49

     in John Milton: Paradise Lost   5, 1991, 37, 48-9; 23,

            2009, 44, 52n22

the fallen woman   9, 1995, 27; 17, 2003, 64, 74n30; 23,

     2009, 41-2

     atonement/redemption   6, 1992, 59-60, 62, 64; 18,

            2004, 29-31, 59-60, 61-2; 23, 2009, 41, 42, 43,

            49-51

     Charles Dickens on   23, 2009, 52n15

     fate of   9, 1995, 27-8; 23, 2009, 41-2, 44, 46, 52n14

     feminist analyses of   23, 2009, 40, 41

     gender issues and   23, 2009, 42, 44-5, 52n17

     in Thomas Hardy: Tess of the DfUrbervilles   6, 1992,                58-9, 60-61, 64-5

     help/support available to   23, 2009, 52n18

     in eLizzie Leighf   8, 1994, 15, 16, 18, 19-20, 22-3; 9,

            1995, 27, 32-4, 40; 23, 2009, 40-53

     Magdalen houses for   17, 2003, 70

     in Mary Barton   9, 1995, 30-31, 40; 23, 2009, 40,

            52n15

     redemption for see atonement above 

     in Ruth   6, 1992, 58, 59-66; 9, 1995, 34-40; 10, 1996,

            66-75; 13, 1999, 60-66; 14, 2000, 7; 16, 2002,

            85-7, 90, 91-2, 93-4, 95-108; 17, 2003, 59, 64-7,                  70; 18, 2004, 16-17, 25, 27-31, 31n3, 50, 51-2,                        55, 59-60, 61-2; 21, 2007, 90; 23, 2009, 40, 44,

            52n16; 25, 2011, 31-2, 36-7, 44, 45, 48, 49, 52-6,

            59, 61n3, 66-8

     William Thackeray on   23, 2009, 52n15

     treatment of see fate above    

     in Victorian fiction   23, 2009, 41-2, 52nn15-17

     in eThe Well of Pen-Morfaf   9, 1995, 28-9, 40

     see also prostitution

false identity

     depicted in Ruth   21, 2007, 102

family values/relationships   1, 1987, 31-2; 24, 2010, 79,

     86, 93, 95

     fathers/fatherhood   24, 2010, 94, 98n19; paternal

            authority   24, 2010, 78-9

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs short stories   19, 2005, 14, 16,

            21-3

     in eLizzie Leighf   8, 1994, 15-27; 9, 1995, 32-3

     in Mary Barton   3, 1989, 1-5; 9, 1995, 30-31

     in the nineteenth century   1, 1987, 6-8; 9, 1995, 27-42

     in North and South   1, 1987, 8

     in Ruth   18, 2004, 26-7

famine   18, 2004, 41

fantasy stories see fairy tales  

Farini, L. C.

     The Roman State 1815-1850, trans. W. E. Gladstone

            4, 190, 62

farmers/farming   8, 1994, 45, 48; 10, 1996, 61, 96-7; 17,

     2003, 23-4, 27-8

     famine   18, 2004, 41

     romantic view of   14, 2000, 31, 34n11

     William Stevenson as a farmer    8, 1994, 42, 44-5, 48

farm workers, housing conditions   20, 2006, 80, 89n20

Farrar, F. W.   6, 1992, 35

fashion/style   1, 1987, 50, 51-2; 19, 2005, 87

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   22, 2008, 47n51

     for men   12, 1998, 31-2; 14, 2000, 5-6

     mourning clothes   14, 2000, 4-12

     as self-expression   14, 2000, 4, 6-7, 11, 88, 95-7,                       100n7

     for women   7, 1993, 58-61, 62; 9, 1995, 15; 12, 1998,                31; 22, 2008, 36-7, 41n51, 41n55; 24, 2010, 102

Fasick, Laura   25, 2011, 76n19

Father Oswaldc (anon. novel)   18, 2004, 79n10

fathers/fatherhood   24, 2010, 94, 98n19

     paternal authority   24, 2010, 78-9

Faucher, Leon   3, 1989, 50, 65

Fauriel, Claude   13, 1999, 44, 53n49

     Histoire de la Poésiec   13, 1999, 53n49

     Mme Mohl and   13, 1999, 40-44

Feather, John

     A History of British Publishing   8, 1994, 86n9

Fechter, Charles   25, 2011, 1

     Charles Dickens, correspondence with   25, 2011, 1,

            16n3

feelings see emotions; sentimentalism

fees see authorfs payments

female(s) see women

feminism   25, 2011, 45

     capitalism/power structures and   25, 2011, 31, 46n7

     fragmentation aesthetic   25, 2011, 44-5

     Judith Halberstam on   25, 2011, 30-31, 35, 38,

            46nn7-12, 46nn14-15, 46n27, 47nn31-4, 47n45;

            her ecollagef concept   25, 2011, 46n27; her

            equeer negativityf concept   25, 2011, 31, 46n8

     passivity/submission and   25, 2011, 30, 31, 32-45

     post-colonial   25, 2011, 31

     sexual ignorance and   25, 2011, 30, 31-2

     victimization/violence and   25, 2011, 30, 33-6, 38;

            masochism   25, 2011, 40-44, 47n33

     see also womenfs education; womenfs rights

feminist analyses/criticism   24, 2010, 30-33, 45nn6-8

     of geography   16, 2002, 76-84

     of Cranford   22, 2008, 10-19, 20n7, 20n11, 145,

            159n3; 23, 2009, 17-19, 21, 22, 26-28, 29n6,

            30n14, 30n19, 31n40

     of the fallen woman theme   23, 2009, 40, 41,

            52nn15-17; see also Ruth below

     of eLizzie Leighf   23, 2009, 40, 41, 45, 46, 57, 48, 49,

            50

     of Mary Barton   21, 2007, 22

     of religion   18, 2004, 65, 75-8

     of Ruth   18, 2004, 50-52; 25, 2011, 30, 31-47

feminist criticism   2, 1988, 82-91; 9, 1995, 13-20; 11,        1997, 68-76; 14, 2000, 76; 17, 2003, 59, 73n2,

     73nn4-5; 19, 2005, 54-5

Ferard, Elizabeth Catherine   25, 2011, 63

Fergusson, Barbara (eDaddyf)

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   20, 2006, 3,

            10-11; 24, 2010, 6

     Margaret Emily (eMetaf) Gaskell, correspondence with 

            20, 2006, 3; 25, 2011, 98

Ferrier, Susan   8, 1994, 65

     The Inheritance   8, 1994, 82

     Marriage   8, 1994, 82; 9, 1995, 55-7

     men depicted by   9, 1995, 55-7   

Fetter, F. W.   1, 1987, 3

Fewell, Donna Nolan and Gunn, David Miller

     Crossing Redemptionc   18, 2004, 56

fiction

     fantasy see fantasy stories

     ghost stories   19, 2005, 21

     historical see historical fiction  

     as realistic   12, 1998, 37-45; 24, 2010, 47, 48, 52-4

     religious   18, 2004, 65-80

     religious attitudes to   18, 2004, 66, 79nn10-11

     sensational   19, 2005, 14-15; 24, 2010, 84n29; eThe

            Grey Womanf as   24, 2010, 81

     short stories see short stories

     Victorian   5, 1991, 34-5; 14, 2000, 19, 20, 75; 19,                      2005, 14-15

     by women writers see women writers

     see also individual authors/titles

Field, Mr and Mrs John   1, 1987, 35

Field, W.

     An Historical Accountcof Warwickc   5, 1991,

            7, 14n11

Fielding, Henry

     Joseph Andrews   18, 2004, 66

Fielding, K. J.   6, 1992, 56n13; 18, 2004, 85

     The Speeches of Charles Dickens   22, 2008, 70n11,

            70n14

Fields, Annie Adams (Mrs James T. Fields)   19, 2005,

     55, 62, 64

     Authors and Friends   19, 2005, 66n26

     George Eliot, correspondence with   19, 2005, 59, 60

     George Eliot and   19, 2005, 59-60

     Rita K. Gollin: Annie Adams Fieldsc   19, 2005,

            67n58

     Sarah Orne Jewett and   19, 2005, 58

     Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (editor)   19, 2005,                                     67nn54-5, 67n59, 67n64

     Life and Letters of Harriet Beecher Stowe (editor)                      19, 2005, 67n44, 67n52

     Alice Meynell and   19, 2005, 61

     Judith A. Roman: Annie Adams Fieldsc   19, 2005,

            67n36, 67n42

     A Shelf of Old Books   19, 2005, 67n35

     May Sinclair and   19, 2005, 62

     Harriet Beecher Stowe and   19, 2005, 59-60, 61

     William Makepeace Thackeray and   19, 2005, 58

Fields, James T.   19, 2005, 55, 58

Finnegan, Frances

     Poverty and Prostitution   7, 1993, 54-5

fishing/whaling communities   1, 1987, 49; 5, 1991, 1,

     69; 6, 1992, 16; 9, 1995, 47-8, 49; 15, 2001, 41-2,

     44-6

Fitzgerald, Scott

     The Great Gatsby   19, 2005, 30

Fitzpatrick, Ellen

     Endless Crusadec   16, 2002, 62n13

Fitzwilliam, Marie   23, 2009, 40, 49

Flanders, Judith   24, 2010, 79

     The Victorian House (Inside the Victorian House c  

            22, 2008, 32; 24, 2010, 84n20

Fleenor, Juliann (editor)

     The Female Gothic   20, 2006, 59n8

Fleishman, Avrom   10, 1996, 93

     The English Historical Novel c   24, 2010, 117-18

Fletcher, E. Willis   25, 2011, 17n7

Fletcher, Mary   13, 1999, 37

Flett, Kathryn   14, 2000, 89-90, 93-4, 98

Flint, Kate

     Elizabeth Gaskell   14, 2000, 104; 15, 2001, 51n1; 17,

            2003, 13; 18, 2004, 29, 31, 32n8, 34n55, 35n78,                   36n93

Flower, Benjamin   5, 1991, 16, 17

Flower, Eliza (Benjamin Flowerfs daughter)   5, 1991,

     16-17, 18-19, 21

Flower, Sarah (Benjamin Flowerfs daughter)   5, 1991

     16-17, 19, 21

     marriage   5, 1991, 17

     Vivia Perpetua (verse drama)   5, 1991, 20

flowers

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   7, 1993, 1-15; 8, 1994,                32

     language of   7, 1993, 1-7

     see also nature/natural life

Flowers, Sarah (Mrs C. E. Flowers)   5, 1991, 9-10

Fohr, Carl Philipp

     eWolfsbrunnef (engraving)   8, 1994, 14

folk songs see songs and ballads

food/eating

     dining/dining rooms, significance of   22, 2008, 22,

            30-34, 36

     dinner, timing of   22, 2008, 31-2

     tea   22, 2008, 32

     in Wives and Daughters   22, 2008, 30-34, 36

Forbes, James

     Norwayc   5, 1991, 33-4

foreign trade

     imperial expansion and   17, 2003, 1-11

     in opium   17, 2003, 4, 5-6, 10nn7-8

Forester, Thomas

     Paris and its Environsc   13, 1999, title page, 47

forgery

     depicted in Ruth   21, 2007, 102-3

Forster, E. M.   10, 1996, 1

Forster, John   6, 1992, 42; 21, 2007, 92

     Samuel Bamford and   22, 2008, 97, 108-9, 111n8

     Thomas Carlyle, correspondence with   22, 2008,

            111n8

     Cranford and   22, 2008, 159n3

     Charles Dickens, correspondence with   24, 2010, 79,

            83n19

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   8, 1994, 9;                   14, 2000, 55, 75; 18, 2004, 34n70; 20, 20006, 3;

            22, 2008, 103-4, 107; 24, 2010, 4, 74; 25, 2011,

            80

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   20, 2006, 7; 25, 2011, 80

     The Life of Charles Dickens   17, 2003, 49n13; 18,                      2004, 3

     Mary Barton and   25, 2011, 78

     as Lunacy Commission Secretary   25, 2011, 80

     on North and South   20, 2006, 7

     as a Unitarian   25, 2011, 80

[Forster, John]

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with (incomplete

            letter directed to eA Friendf)   23, 2009, 11

Forsyth, Robert

     The Beauties of Scotland   8, 1994, 44-5

Foscolo, Ugo   10, 1996, 3

Foster, Myles Birket   2, 1988, 41

     correspondence   2, 1988, 43, 57n6

     Country Year Book   2, 1988, 41

     illustrations by   2, 1988, 44, 48

     illustrations for eThe Moorland Cottagef   2, 1988,                     cover, 41, 45, 46-54, 46-55

Foster, Shirley   22, 2008, 8; 24, 2010, 28n5

     book reviews   17, 2003, 74n30, 75n37, 112-13

     Elizabeth Gaskell: a Literary Life   19, 2005, 11; 20,

            2006, 13n6, 3022, 2008, 9, 41n49, 84n14

     Mary Barton edited by   25, 2011, 118n6

     Sylviafs Lovers edited by   14, 2000, 23n18

     Victorian Womenfs Fiction: Marriage, Freedom, and

            Individual    21, 2007, 51; 23, 2009, 16-17, 21,

            30n19

     on Wives and Daughters   21, 2007, 51

Foucault, Michel   17, 2003, 37, 39

     The History of Sexuality   17, 2003, 51-2

Fowler, Marian E.   9, 1995, 13

Fowler, Rowena   17, 2003, 73n2; 23, 2009, 18, 23

Fox, Eliza (eTottief) (William J. Foxfs daughter)   5,

     1991, 24-5; 24, 2010, 48, 73; 25, 2011, 80

     in Algiers   5, 1991, 24-5

     eAn Arab Marriagef (painting)   5, 1991, 25

     as an artist   5, 1991, 25

     Elizabeth Barrett Browning, correspondence with   5,

            1991, 22

     character   5, 1991, 18, 19, 21

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   1, 1987, 30,                 31, 33; 2, 1988, 10, 43; 4, 1990, 48, 79-80; 5,                 1991, 21, 23, 27; 6, 1992, 1; 9, 1995, 46; 10,                 1996, 75; 14, 2000, 3, 48, 68; 16, 2002, 66, 67;                18, 2004, 67; 20, 2006, 60; 21, 2007, 42, 48; 22,

            2008, 87, 96; 25, 2011, 100

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   5, 1991, 16, 20-21

     William Gaskell, correspondence with   17, 2003, 61

     marriages   5, 1991, 23-4, 25

     eStudy of a Factory Childf (painting)   5, 1991, 20

Fox, Florence (eFlorryf) (Eliza Foxfs brother)   5, 1991,

     17, 18, 25

Fox, Florence  and Fox Franklin

     Memoir of Mrs Eliza Fox   5, 1991, 25

Fox, Franklin (Eliza Foxfs brother)   5, 1991, 21, 25

Fox, George Edward (Eliza Foxfs cousin and second

     husband)   5, 1991, 25

Fox, William Johnson (Eliza Foxfs father)   5, 1991,

     16-17, 18, 19, 23, 24, 26; 10, 1996, 28; 24, 2010, 48;

     25, 2011, 80

     Elizafs portrait of   5, 1991, 25

     published works   5, 1991, 25

Fox, Mrs William Johnson   5, 1991, 17,

     21, 25

Frader, Laura Levine   7, 1993, 50, 53

France

     Britainfs wars with   18, 2004, 37, 38, 40-41, 44-5, 83

     Elizabeth Gaskell in   1, 1987, 33; 2, 1988, 34;7, 1993,               17-19, 23-6; 12, 1998, 1; 13, 1999, 15; 15, 2001,                       69-70; 19, 2005, 26; 20, 2006, 92; 23, 2009, 32;

            25, 2011, 105-6

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   7, 1993, 19, 27-32; 13,                1999, 49-52

     Margaret (eMetaf) Gaskell in   1, 1987, 33-4; 7, 1993,                23, 25, 26; 15, 2001, 69

     Marianne Gaskell in   1, 1987, 33; 7, 1993, 17-18; 15,

            2001, 69

     Gaskell studies in   13, 1999, 112-15, 116-17

     popular prejudice against   7, 1993, 28

     in Wives and Daughters   13, 1999, 49-52

     women, position of   18, 2004, 44-5

     see also French c

France, R. Sharpe   3, 1989, 27n4

St Francis de Sales   7, 1993, 19; 20, 2006, 20, 110

     Introduction to the Devout Life   10, 1996, 15

Frank, Johann Ludwig   12, 1998, 11

Franklin, Benjamin   19, 2005, 93

Franklin, Sir John  5, 1991, 33

Franz, Eckhard G.   7, 1993, 34n24, 48n6, 49n12; 12,          1998, 13n17; 21, 2007, 112n1

Fraser, Hilary, Green, Stephanie and Johnston, Judith

     Gender and the Victorian Periodical   22, 2008, 25-6

Fraserfs Magazine   2, 1988, 42; 5, 1991, 51, 60n2; 7,         1993, 67; 8, 1994, 57, 65, 69n9; 16, 2002, 92-3; 19,

     2005, 74, 102; 20, 2006, 24; 24, 2010, 53

     eFrench Lifef published in   2, 1988, 38

     Katherine Thomson published in   22, 2008, 79,

            85n23, 85n25

French language   7, 1993, 27-8; 10, 1996, 15

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs learning/use of   7, 1993, 16-17,                   18, 19-20, 28, 77n5; 12, 1998, 11-12; 13, 1999,                       15; 14, 2001, 68; 19, 2005, 69

     reading material in   7, 1993, 28-9; 15, 2001, 68-9

eFrench Lifef (article)   2. 1988. 38; 4, 1990, 67; 13,            1999, 21; 19, 2005, 19, 102; 20, 2006, 24, 20

French literature/literary circles   7, 1993, 28-9; 15, 2001,

     68-9, 70

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   7, 1993, 17, 18, 31; 13, 1999,                   15-24; see also Memoirs elucidatoryc

     the Précieuses   13, 1999, 16, 17

French Revolution, 1789-95   2, 1988, 34-40; 20, 2006,

     64; 23, 2009, 22; 24, 2010, 115, 121, 122-3

     Thomas Carlyle on   3, 1989, 31; 15, 2001, 35; 24,

            2010, 117

     depicted in My Lady Ludlow   2, 1988, 36-8; 3, 1989,

            31-3, 37; 10, 1996, 53, 56, 57-9; 12, 1998, 6-7;                    15, 2001, 31, 32, 35, 37n7; 17, 2003, 15; 24,

            2010, 124

     depicted in eMy French Masterf   12. 1998. 6-7; 17,                    2003, 18

     Unitarian support for   18, 2004, 40; 24, 2010, 121

Freud, Sigmund   2, 1988, 85, 86; 20, 2006, 51, 54, 55, 56

     eThe Uncannyf   20, 2006, 59n23

Friends Intelligencer   16, 2002, 50, 51

Frothingham, O. B.   6, 1992, 56n14

Froude, Charlotte   20, 2006, 16

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   20, 2006, 16

Froude, James Anthony   6, 1992, 48, 49, 56n13; 18,           2004, 79n12

     Elective Affinities (translation of Goethe: Die

            Wahlverwandtschaften)   19, 2005, 25, 79

     The Nemesis of Fate   6, 1992, 49; 19, 2005, 79; 20,

            2006, 17

Frowde, Henry   19, 2005, 1, 2, 7

     Clement Shorter, correspondence with   19, 2005, 3

Fryckstedt, Monica Correa   17, 2003, 107; 24, 2010,

     58n23

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs eMary Bartonf and eRuthfc  

            7, 1993, 62; 11, 1997, 46, 47; 17, 2003, 10n2,                       107; 18, 2004, 27; 19, 2005, 49n5; 24, 2010, 49,

            53; 25, 2011, 61n12

     on Unitarianism   25, 2011, 50, 61n12

Frye, Northrop

     Anatomy of Criticism   21, 2007, 18

     The Secular Scripture: A Study of the Structure of

            Romance   5, 191, 50n10; 21, 2007, 3, 18

Fuller Margaret   15, 2001, 58-9; 19, 2005, 70-71

     Goethe, translations of   19, 2005, 71, 78

Fuller, Sarah

     The Dial   6, 1992, 53, 54

Furness, William Henry   22, 2008, 91, 94n26

Furnivall, F. John

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   6, 1992,

            28, 29; 10, 1996, 45-6, 77-8

 

Gadamer, Hans-George

     Truth and Method   20, 2006, 88n8

Gaddum, Sophie   11, 1997, 60

Gallagher, Catherine

     The Industrial reformation of English Fiction:

            Social Discourse and Narrative Form 1832-1867

            21, 2007, 1, 19n6

Galt, John

     Annals of the Parishc   8, 1994, 105-7, 110n6

games see childrenfs games

Ganz, Margaret

     Elizabeth Gaskell: The Artist in Conflict   1, 1987,

            24n3, n6; 3, 1989, 41n8; 18, 2004, 35n71, 35n77,

            35n80, 36n89, 36n91; 21, 2007, 47, 87

gardens/gardening   4, 1990, 69, 71-2; 7, 1993, 9

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   7, 1993, 12-14

     see also nature/natural life

Gardner, Peter   22, 2008, 113n39

Garibaldi, Giuseppe   4, 1990, 61

     Elizabeth and Meta Gaskell taking tea with   24, 2010,

            8

Garnett, Jeremiah   13, 1999, 96

Garnett, Richard   5, 1991, 25-6

Gaskell, Anne see Robson, Anne

Gaskell, Elizabeth

     advice sought by, on her writing   11, 1997, 1

     ancestry: maternal   21, 2007, 95-9

     appearance   4, 1990, 56, 56n3; 6, 1992, 45

     her autograph collection   20, 2006, 2, 11; 23, 2009, 5;

            24, 2010, 6

     biographies of   19, 2005, 1, 2-3, 4-5, 101; see also

            individual biographies

     on biographies/memoirs   25, 2011, 77

     birth   1, 1987, 2

     character   16, 2002, 66; 19, 2005, 5, 103; 20, 2006, 7;

            23, 2009, 61; 24, 2010, 73

     her children   6, 1992, 1; see also individual names

     childhood   1, 1987, 3, 7; 4, 1990, 2; 5, 1991,1; 7,                       1993, 73-4; 9, 1995, 22; 12, 1998, 15; 17, 2003,

            13; 23, 2009, 2; 24, 2010, 100, 119

     correspondence   20, 2006, 2, 3, 8, 11; 22, 2008, 42,

            61, 87; 24, 2010, 2, 4, 5-6; 25, 2011, 64, 75n7, 86,

            97-8, 100; destruction of   1, 1987, 40; 9, 1995,

            21; 19, 2005, 2, 5, 98; 20, 2006, 10; 24, 2010, 4,

            5; 25, 2011, 98; see also individual

            correspondents

     critical assessments of   14, 2000, 29-34; 16, 2002,

            59-61; 19, 2005, 11, 14; 21, 2007, 14; see also

            individual works

     dating her texts   14, 2000, 18

     death   1, 1987, 4, 37, 38; 5, 1991, 24; 7, 1993, 26;

            15, 2001, 1, 56; 17, 2003, 83; 19, 2005, 8, 56;

            22, 2008, 92; 24, 2010, 7, 8, 9, 16n9; her

            daughtersf reaction to   24, 2010, 7, 9; Isabella

            Jamison on   24, 2010, 9

     development as a writer   14, 2000, 24-34f 25, 2011,

            77-86

     her diaries   14, 2000, 34n13; 25, 2011, 97-8, 102n8

     editions of her works   16, 2002, 58-9; 20, 2006, 35-6;

            collected editions   19, 2005, 1-13, 96, 97-9,

            100-101; see also individual works

     education   1, 1987, 3, 5-6; 4, 1990, 57; 5, 1991, 1-15;                7, 1993, 16-17; 8, 1994, 8-9; 10, 1996, 14-15; 15,                    2001, 1, 8-9; 18, 2004, 8, 14n22; 22, 2008, 51; see

            also Byerleyfs school

     family   1, 1987, 1, 2, 3, 4; 6, 1992, 67-8; 8, 1994,

            42-3; 10, 1996, 84, 90n9; 11, 1997, 55-67; 16,                      2002, 14, 15, 109n9; 21, 2007, 95-9; see also

            individual family members

     health   1, 1987, 33; 7, 1993, 26; 24, 2010, 8, 9; 25,

            2011, 41; headaches   25, 2011, 97-103

     home life   4, 1990, 48, 67; 22, 2008, 31, 87; 24,

            2010, 43, 74

     honeymoon in Wales   13, 1999, 75

     her introductions to other authorsf works   19, 2005,                   9-10; see also individual authors

     journal articles see individual works

     juvenilia   18, 2004, 8

     life   1, 1987, 33; 4, 1990, 1-2; 5, 1991, 21; 15,

            2001, 1; 22, 2008, 51, 68-9

     as eLilyf   3, 1987, 37; 19, 2005, 58, 81; 25, 2011, 80

     marriage   3, 1989, 8, 17

     novels see individual works

     obituaries of   14, 2000, 29-33, 57; 15, 2001, 56; 17,

            2003, 83

     her passport   25, 2011, 105-6, 111n5

     payment for her work   17, 2003, 79; 19, 2005, 88;

            25, 2011, 81, 83, 85

     portrait photograph of   20, 2006, 2

     posthumous publications   25, 2011, 82

     as a professional writer   20, 2006, 7, 28-46; 21, 2007,

            100-101; 23, 2009, 2; 25, 2011, 86

     as a proto-feminist   25, 2011, 30, 32, 40n6, 44-5, 113;

            see also womenfs rights

     pseudonym: Cotton Mather Mills   15, 2001, 54; 17,

            2003, 92; 20, 2006, 7, 80-81, 89n23

     publication of her works   22, 2008, 112n20

     quotations, fondness for   24, 2010, 19

     her readers   25, 2011, 16, 47, 77-87

     reputation   14, 2000, 28; 20, 2006, 29

     roles in life, conflict between   1, 1987, 33; 5, 1991, 21

     as Scheherazade   21, 2007, 65, 71n4; 24, 2010, 113n1

     short stories   19, 2005, 8-9, 14-24; 25, 2011, 77-86

             see also individual titles

     social life   13, 1999, 92, 102n34; 20, 2006, 8, 11,

     translations of her work   17, 2003, 77; see also                          individual works

     writing style/technique   14, 2000, 24-5; 17, 2003, 50,                55-6; 18, 2004, 3, 8; 19, 2005, 33n8; 21, 2007,

            101; 22, 2008, 53; 23, 2009, 1; 24, 2010, 8-9,

            21-2, 26, 129

Gaskell, Elizabeth (eLizzyf) (E. G.fs cousin)

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   23, 2009, 2,

            3, 5

Gaskell, Florence (eFlossyf) (Mrs Charles Crompton)

     (E. G.fs daughter)    4, 1990, 60; 6, 1992, 1; 20, 2006,

     91; 23, 2009, 56; 24, 2010, 1, 8, 15

     birth   7, 1993, 75; 16, 2002, 87

     character   11, 1997, 56, 63-4

     childhood   16, 2002, 96

     correspondence   24, 2010, 2; with Isabella Jamison  

            24, 2010, 7-8

     death   19, 2005, 97

     education   11, 1997, 56-7, 59-60; 16, 2002, 94; 22,

            2008, 57-8, 66

     engagement   20, 2006, 23; see also Crompton,

            Charles

     health   25, 2011, 100

Gaskell, Julia Bradford (E. G.fs daughter)   2, 1988, 59;      6, 1992, 1; 11, 1997, 64-5; 17, 2003, 86; 19, 2005, 64,           64; 20, 2006, 1; 23, 2009, 23; 24, 2010, 6, 7, 9        

     birth   7, 1993, 75; 16, 2002, 87

     character   11, 1997, 56

     childhood   16, 2002, 96

     death   19, 2005, 64-5

     education   11, 1997, 59; 16, 2002, 94; 22, 2008, 57-8     health   15, 2001, 40; 25, 2011, 99, 100

     in Italy   23, 2009, 32

     politics, interest in   24, 2010, 6-7

     social life   11, 1997, 61

     A. W. Ward and   19, 2005, 97-8

Gaskell, Margaret Emily (eMetaf) (E. G.fs daughter)   1,    1987, 31; 2, 1988, 59; 6, 1992, 1; 11, 1997, 64-5; 17,

     2003, 86; 18, 2004, 34n56; 20, 2006, 1, 10; 23, 2009,

     23; 24, 2010, 5, 8, 9; 25, 2011, 83

     as an artist   1, 1987, 38; 8, 1994, 9

     birth   7, 1993, 74; 16, 2002, 87, 109n9

     character   7, 1993, 75; 11, 1997, 56; 19, 2005, 2

     charity work   11, 1997, 62-3, 64

     at Chatsworth House, Derbyshire   25, 2011, 112-13

     childhood   16, 2002, 91, 94, 101

     correspondence   1, 1987, 34; 2, 1988, 71n2; 5, 1991,                 62; 17; see also individual correspondents

     death   19, 2005, 58

     education   8, 1994, 4; 11, 1997, 58-9; 16, 2002, 65,                    67, 94; 22, 2008, 57-8

     engagement   5, 1991, 34; 6, 1992, 1; 11, 1997, 61, 62,               64; 12, 1998, 12, 24; 14, 2000, 22; 16, 2002, 68;

            20, 2006, 21

     Barbara Fergusson, correspondence with   20, 2006, 3

     in France   1, 1987, 33-4; 7, 1993, 23, 25, 26; 15,                        2001, 69

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs papers, her instructions to burn  

            20, 2006, 10

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs work, her input to   20, 2006, 4

     Gaskell papers given/bequeathed to John Rylands

            University Library by   20, 2006, 1-2; to

            Manchester University Library   20, 2006, 2

     health   25, 2011, 100

     in Italy   23, 2009, 32

     Sarah Orne Jewett, correspondence with   19, 2005,                    64-5

     Charles Eliot Norton, correspondence with   17, 2003,                80-82

     Charles Eliot Norton and   1, 1987, 38, 39-40; 4, 1990,               59

     Sara Norton, correspondence with   19, 2005, 56-7,                     66n28

     personal appearance   25, 2011, 113

     in Rome   1, 1987, 34, 35; 20, 2006, 21

     social life   11, 1997, 61-2

     in Switzerland   20, 2006, 91

     A. W. Ward and   19, 2005, 97-8

Gaskell, Marianne (Mrs Thurston Holland) (E. G.fs

     daughter)   1, 1987, 31; 6, 1992, 1; 23, 2009, 54; 24,

     2010, 9

     birth   1, 1987, 32; 7, 1993, 67; 16, 2002, 83, 87

     Catholicism, attraction to   6, 1992, 30-31; 10, 1996,                  50; 19, 2005, 98; 20, 2006, 16, 22-4; 25, 2011, 51

     character   7, 1993, 73, 75; 11, 1997, 56, 57

     childhood   16, 2002, 88-9, 91, 96, 97, 101-2, 104,                      105-6

     children   24, 2010, 8

     correspondence   24, 2010, 2; see also individual

            correspondents

     education   1, 1987, 31, 32; 4, 1990, 46-7; 8, 1994, 4;                 11, 1997, 57-8; 16, 2002, 94; 22, 2008   57-8;

            musical   28, 2008, 57

     engagement   1, 1987, 38

     in France   1, 1987, 33; 7, 1993, 17-18; 15, 2001, 69

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   3, 1989,

            36-7; 4, 1990, 46-7; 5, 1991, 28; 6, 1992, 29, 30;                 7, 1993, 1-5, 39; 8, 1994, 9; 9, 1995, 21; 11,                               1997, 58, 60-61, 64; 14, 2000, 4; 16, 2002, 30,              66, 67; 17, 2003, 33n27; 18, 2004, 78n3; 19,                    2005, 83n2; 20, 2006, 20, 22, 40, 92; 22, 2008,

            41n51, 88; 23, 2009, 54, 55; 24, 2010, 74, 130n8;

            25, 2011, 50, 75n7, 82, 111n6

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs correspondence, her destruction of  

            24, 2010, 4; see also Gaskell, Elizabeth:

            correspondence, destruction of

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs My Diaryc   7, 1993, 67-79;

            16, 2002, 87-90

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs work, her input to   20, 2006, 4

     William Gaskell and   7, 1993, 71-2

     health   95, 2011, 100

     Henry E. Manning and   20, 2006, 22

     marriage   11, 1997, 64; 19, 2005, 97

     Charles Eliot Norton, correspondence with   20, 2006,

            22-3

     in Rome   1, 1987, 34, 35; 20, 2006, 21-2

     social life   11, 1997, 60-61

Gaskell, Peter   3, 1989, 50

     The Manufacturing Population of Englandc   12,

            1998, 42; 20, 2006, 75

Gaskell, William (E. G.fs husband)   15, 2001, 1; 19,          2005, 57; 20, 2006, 23, 40-41; 22, 2008, 8, 53, 86;

     24, 2010, 1, 9; 25, 2011, 51, 82

     Samuel Bamford and   22, 2008, 100, 101, 113n31

     Barbara Brill on   15, 2001, 13n8; 22, 2008, 112n15

     Patrick Brontë, correspondence with   20, 2006, 4-5

     on Catholicism   20, 2006, 15, 16, 23-4

     character   20, 2006, 103-4

     on charity/charitable works   20, 2006, 102, 103-4,

            106, 108, 109, 110-11, 113

     eCome and Prayf (poem)   3, 1989, 8

     on conscience   20, 2006, 106

     correspondence   20, 2006, 2; see also individual

            correspondents

     on Crimean War   23, 2009, 61-2, 63n23

     death   19, 2005, 97

     eDeath and Sleepf (poem)   3, 1989, 8

     dialects, interest in   22, 2008, 99-100, 101, 109,

            113n31, 113n33  

     Charles Dickens, correspondence with   14, 2000, 61;

            20, 2006, 2

     eThe Duties of the Individualcf (sermon)   6, 1992,                   64n6; 20, 2006, 102, 103-4, 106, 108, 109,

            110-11, 113, 114n1

     education   15, 2001, 7; 22, 2008, 58, 62

     Elizabeth, collaborations with   7, 1993, 76n1; 10,                      1996, 36

     Elizabeth, introduction to   16, 2002, 66

     Elizabeth, relationship with   5, 1991, 64; 14, 2000, 68

     Elizabethfs death, effect on   1, 1987, 39

     Elizabethfs descriptions of   4, 1990, 81; 7, 1993, 71-2

     Elizabethfs work, his input to   20, 2006, 4

     eEternal Salvationf (sermon)   20, 2006, 15

     etymology, interest in   1, 1987, 25n14; 10, 1996, 36

     family   6, 1992, 67-8; see also individual family                                   members

     as a father   7, 1993, 71-2; 16, 2002, 111n76

     Eliza Fox, correspondence with   17, 2003, 61

     in France   1, 1987, 33

     German language, knowledge of   7, 1993, 39-40; 8,                   1994, 7; 12, 1998, 11; 19, 2005, 70, 72

     in Germany   7, 1993, 39; 12, 1998, 1

     health   1, 1987, 35

     honeymoon in Wales   13, 1999, 75

     in Italy   4, 1990, 60

     in Knutsford   3, 1989, 8

     in London   1, 1987, 31

     in Manchester   1, 1987, 6; 3, 1989, 8, 17, 46

     as Manchester Portico Library Chairman   4, 1990, 61;

            5, 1991, 27, 28; 14, 2000, 15, 16; 25, 2011, 111n4

     marriage   3, 1989, 8, 17

     Harriet Martineau and   16, 2002, 72

     James Martineau and   6, 1992, 47, 49; 16, 2002, 66

     Mary Barton, contribution to   22, 2008, 101

     as a minister   1, 1987, 6, 33; 12, 1998, 15, 47, 49; 15,

            2001, 7, 56; 19, 2005, 72; 20, 2006, 18, 21, 23-4,

            26n28, 26n35, 102, 104

     as a poet   3, 1989, 8; 10, 1996, 27, 39n1; 13, 1999,

            89; 15, 2001, 10, 56; 22, 2008, 99, 112n19

     eThe Poets and Poetry of Humble Lifef (lectures)   22,

            2008, 44, 99

     Protestant Practicesc   20, 2006, 15

     reading habits   4, 1990, 61-2; 5, 1991, 28-9, 30-31,                    32-5; 6, 1992, 26, 27; 14, 2000, 14-21; 19, 2005,                       23n3; 22, 2008, 54n3; 23, 2009, 4, 5

     retirement   1, 1987, 37-8; 11, 1997, 64

     scientific interests   4, 1990, 47-8; 13, 1999, 88,                          100n11

     his sermons   20, 2006, 15, 27n39; see also eThe

            Duties of the Individualcf above

     Hugh Stowell and   17, 2003, 61

     Strong Points of Unitarian Christianity   18, 2004,                     78n1, 80n28

     as a teacher/lecturer   2, 1988, 27; 13, 1999, 86, 95;                    15, 2001, 7, 8, 9; 16, 2002, 66; 22, 2008, 44, 58-9,

            99, 100, 101; 25, 2011, 50

     Temperance Rhymes   15, 2001, 56; 22, 2008, 99

     Two Lectures on Lancashire Dialect   22, 2008, 100,

            101, 109

     as a Unitarian   8, 1994, 26n13; 22, 2008, 58, 86, 91;

            see also as a minister above

     Unitarian Christiansc   (sermon)   20, 2006, 27n39

     Unitarian Herald, co-founder of   14, 2000, 31

     A. W. Ward on   19, 2005, 97

     Ruth Watts on   20, 2006, 114n5

     R. K. Webb on   20, 2006, 114n4

     the Winkworth sisters and   4, 1990, 81; 7, 1993,

            39-40; 8, 1994, 7; 19, 2005, 70, 71, 72; 21, 2007,

            68; 25, 2011, 50

Gaskell, William (E. G.fs son)   4, 1990, 48; 6, 1992, 68;    7, 1993, 77n9; 13, 1999, 75, 108-9; 16, 2002, 66,

     95-6; 19, 2005, 24n21; 20, 2006, 10; 22, 2008, 45,

     55n11, 105

Gaskell Sale Catalogue   6, 1992, 26, 27

Gaskell scholarship/studies

     in France   13, 1999, 112-15, 116-17

     on the Internet   11, 1997, 86-95; 13, 1999, 35; 14,                      2000, 35-44, 105-8

     in Italy   1, 1987, 41-7

     source material for   1, 1987, 2, 9n6, 40; 2, 1988,

            59-75; 3, 1989, 42-5; 4, 1990, 1-27, 62, 63n10; 6,                1992, 67-72; 20, 2006, 1-13; 24, 2010, 5, 6

     survey of   13, 1999, 24-35; 14, 2000, 99  

Gaskell Society   20, 2006, 3, 10; 22, 2008, 4, 5, 7, 9, 111

Gelpi, B. C.   2, 1988, 91

gender issues   24, 2010, 30-33, 45n18, 73, 74, 98n19

     in Cornhill Magazine   22, 2008, 24, 26-30

     in Cousin Phillis   19, 2005, 27, 32

     in Cranford   23, 2009, 16-19, 20, 22-3, 25, 30n14;

            24, 2010, 75-6, 77, 78-9, 82

     cross-dressing see cross-dressing

     in eA Dark Nightfs Workf   21, 2007, 66

     fallen woman concept and   42, 44-5, 52n17

     the feminine ideal   24, 2010, 31-3

     in eThe Grey Womanf   24, 2010, 79-80, 81, 82  

     in journalism   14, 2000, 56-65; 22, 2008, 24, 26-30

     in eLizzie Leighf   8, 1994, 15-27; 23, 2009, 44-5, 48

     narrative voices and   25, 2011, 90-91, 94-5

     in North and South   10, 1996, 22-3

     in Ruth   69-70

     self-image and   25, 2011, 91, 96n11

     in Sylviafs Lovers   23, 2009, 17  

     in theatre audiences   25, 2011, 3, 7

     in Wives and Daughters   22, 2008, 32-3; 23, 2009, 17

     see also domestic life/work; men; women; working

            women

gender performance concept   24, 2010, 31-2, 45n6

genetic theories   16, 2002, 19-20; 23, 2009, 22, 30n25

     see also evolutionary theory

Genette, Gerard   11, 1997, 84n9

     Narrative Discoursec   8, 1994, 97n6; 11, 1997, 84n9

Gennati, Angela   1, 1987, 42

genre novels   21, 2007, 1-4, 17-18, 23; 23, 2009, 1, 16

     Mary Barton as   11, 1997, 43-52

genres

     of painting   11, 1997, 46, 47

     of speech   11, 1997, 43-4

Gentlemanfs Magazine   1, 1987, 5

Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore   16, 2002, 15, 16

geography

     feminist analyses of   16, 2002, 76-84

     knowledge of   2, 1988, 19-21; 3, 1989, 31; 16, 2002,                 76-84

     maps and globes   16, 2002, 76-7, 78, 81

     see also travel

Gérin, Winifred

     Anne Thackeray Ritchiec   19, 2005, 67n34

     Elizabeth Gaskell: A Biography   1, 1987, 1; 4, 1990,

            56n3; 5, 1991, 6, 14n2, 62-3, 69; 7, 1993, 32n4,

            74, 75; 9, 1995, 21; 10, 1996, 13n16; 12, 1998,

            21; 14, 2000, 30; 15, 2001, 39; 17, 2003, 58n10;

            18, 2004, 22, 30, 31n1, 36n90; 19, 2005, 103; 20,

            2006, 13n11; 21, 2007, 50-51

     on Wives and Daughters   21, 2007, 50-51

German language   7, 1993, 39; 8, 1994, 6, 8-9

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs use of   12, 1998, 11-12; 19, 2005,               69, 70, 83n4

     William Gaskellfs knowledge of   7, 1993, 39-40; 8,                   1994, 7; 12, 1998, 11; 19, 2005, 70, 72

     Tobias Theodores on   19, 2005, 74

     Catherine Winkworthfs knowledge of   19, 2005, 70,                  71-4

     Susanna[h] Winkworthfs knowledge of   19, 2005, 71,                73

German literature   12, 1998, 3, 13n14; 25, 2011, 88-9

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   7, 1993, 40-48; 12,                      1998, 9

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs stories in style of   12, 1998, 1-13;

            21, 2007, 101, 112n1

     see also Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

German Romanticism   8, 1994, 1-14; 12, 1998, 3; 25,

     2011, 88-9, 95n5

     beliefs   8, 1994, 5, 10

     definition   25, 2011, 95n5

     Goethe and   25, 2011, 95n5

     Ruth, influence on   8, 1994, 11-12

     see also Romantic movement; Sturm und Drang                                     movement

German philosophy/philosophers   25, 2011, 95n5

     see also Goethe

Germany   7, 1993, 37, 43-4

     Elizabeth Gaskell in   7, 1993, 39-40, 47; 8, 1994, 1-3;               12, 1998, 1-4, 7; 19, 2005, 16; 20, 2006, 2, 92

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs reputation in   4, 1990, 52

     the Gaskells in   25, 2011, 78, 96n12, 99, 100  

     Heidelberg   8, 1994, 1-2, 5, 6, 9; 7, 1993, 47; 12,                       1998, 1-2, 7; 19, 2005, 16; 20, 2006, 2; 25, 2011,

            78

     Sturm und Drang period   19, 2005, 73, 84n10

     the Winkworth sisters in   19, 2005, 71, 73-4

     Unitarianism in   8, 1994, 6-7

Getner, Dedre

     Mechanisms of analogical learning   21, 2007, 37n11

eThe Ghost in the Garden Roomf see eThe Crooked

     Branchf

The Ghost of Tim Bobbin see Richardson, George

ghost stories   19, 2005, 21

Gifford, William   8, 1994, 81

gifts/giving   13, 1999, 60-65

     see also charity/charitable work

Gilbert, Sandra M.   21, 2007, 43-4

Gilbert, Sandra M. and Gubar, Susan

     The Madwoman in the Atticc   5, 1991, 49n2; 19,                       2005, 54; 21, 2007, 38-9

     The Norton Anthology of Literature by Women (eds)  

            25, 2011, 95n9

Gilbert Grey, the Gold Seeker (play)   25, 2011, 13

Gilchrist, Marianne McLeod   15, 2001, 63n11; 22, 2008,

     94n15

Giles, Revfd Henry   6, 1992, 27

Gill, Sean

     Women and the Church of England c   25, 2011, 75n2

Gill, Stephen

     Mary Barton edited by   1, 1987, 25n14; 3, 1989, 5n1;                4, 1990, 90n2; 7, 1993, 42n4; 11, 1997, 47; 21,

            2007, 22, 37n3, 37n16, 92

     on Ruth   22, 2008, 53

     Wordsworth and the Victorians   24, 2010, 28n5

Gillies, Margaret   5, 1991, 19, 21, 23

Gilligan, Carol

     In a Different Voicec   2, 1988, 84-5, 87, 88-9

Gillis, John R.   7, 1993, 62

Gillooly, Eileen   22, 2008, 21n12; 23, 2009, 21, 30n37

     Smile of Discontent: Humor, Gender, and

            Nineteenth-Century British Fiction   22, 2008,

            147; 24, 2010, 33, 44, 45n16

Gilroy, Amanda   16, 2002, 83n3

Girardin, Mme Delphine

     La Joie fait peur (play)   7, 1993, 20

Girouard, Marc

     Return to Camelot c   24, 2010, 114n24

Gitter, Elizabeth R.   24, 2010, 102, 114n9, 114n13

Gladstone, William   20, 2006, 15

Glasgow

     trade union movement in   24, 2010, 51-2

Glasgow Courier   24, 2010, 52  

Glasgow University   24, 2010, 1

     William Gaskell at   22, 2008, 58, 62

     see also Scotland

Glasser, Irene

     Homelessness in Global Perspective   20, 2006, 12n39

Gleadle, Kathryn

     The Early Feminists: Radical Unitarians c   25, 2011,

            75n13, 76n20

     Radical Unitariansc   18, 2004, 63n26

Glen, Heather   22, 2008, 45, 50, 51

globes see maps and globes

Glut, Donald F.

     The Frankenstein Catalog   10, 1996, 89n6

Glynn, Jennifer

     Prince of Publishers c   22, 2008, 39n13; 25, 2011,

            87n13

Goadsby, P.   25, 2011, 102n10

God, manfs relationship with   20, 2006, 88n8

     see also religion

Godwin, William

     Caleb Williams   20, 2006, 48, 52

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   10, 1996, 84,               90n8

     Memoirs of the Author of eA Vindication of the Rights                of Womanf   9, 1995, 19n4

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von   7, 1993, 39, 40-41; 8,         1994, 3-5, 9; 12, 1998, 5; 25, 2011, 95n5

     Aus meinem Leben see Dichtungc below

     Thomas Carlyle on   19, 2005, 70

     Thomas Carlylefs translations of   19, 2005, 70

     Dichtung und Wahrheit   19, 2005, 73

     Johann Eckermann: Conversations withc   19, 2005,     Ralph Waldo Emerson on   19, 2005, 76-7

     Faust   8, 1994, 12; 19, 2005, 70, 72, 82, 83

     Margaret Fullerfs translations of   19, 2005, 71

     Hermann und Dorothea   7, 1993, 42; 12, 1998, 9; 19,

            2005, 82

     influence/importance of   8, 1994, 3-4, 7; 19, 2005,

            69-71, 72, 73-85

     Italienische Reise   10, 1996, 1

     Anna Jameson on   19, 2005, 78

G. H. Lewes on   14, 2000, 66; his Life ofc   19,             2005, 69, 74

     Das Märchen   19, 2005, 70, 83n6

     John Oxenford: Conversations withc   19, 2005, 71,

            78

     Emily Shaen on   19, 2005, 80-81

     The Sorrows of Young Werther   7, 1993, 41; 8, 1994,

            11, 12; 19, 2005, 79; 25, 2011, 95n5

     Die Wahlverwandtschaften   19, 2005, 79-81;                              translated by James Anthony Froude as Elective               Affinities   19, 2005, 25, 79; translated by Anna            Swanwick   19, 2005, 70

     Wilhelm Meister c   8, 1994, 11-12; 19, 2005, 25;

            25, 2011, 95n5; translated by Thomas Carlyle  

            19, 2005, 82

     Catherine Winkworth on   19, 2005, 73

The Golden Legend   24, 2010, 62-3

Goldie, Sue M. (editor)

     Florence Nightingale: Letters from the Crimea   23,

            2009, 63n14

Goldsmith, Oliver

     History of England c   24, 2010, 115, 125n2

     The Vicar of Wakefield   18, 2004, 66; 23, 2009, 32,

            39n3

Gollin, Rita K.

     Annie Adams Fieldsc   19, 2005, 67n58

Gordon, Alexander

     Heads of English Unitarian History   15, 2001, 12n2

Goreau, Angeline

     Anne Bronte: Agnes Grey , eIntroductionf to   17,                        2003, 75n47

Gorham, Deborah

     The Victorian Girlc   11, 1997, 57

Gorham, George   9, 1995, 70

Gothic Tales, edited by Laura Kranzler   19, 2005, 15,         23n2, 23n4

gothic themes   20, 2006, 47-8, 49, 51, 53, 54, 57-8

     in Elizabeth Gaskellfs fiction   20, 2006, 47-59; 21,

     2007, 6, 12, 13, 73, 84n4, 101

Goucher College, Baltimore   16, 2002, 55-6

governesses   22, 2008, 57

Graham, Alison   14, 2000, 97

Grand, Sarah

     Adnamfs Orchard   17, 2003, 58n6

the Grand Tour   10, 1996, 1, 11n1

Grant, Ann

     Memoir and Correspondencec   16, 2002, 98

Gray, Herbert   3, 1989, 41n12

     The Three Paths   3, 1989, 41n12

Gray, R.

     The Labour Aristocracyc   13, 1999, 103n51

Gray, Robert

     Cardinal Manningc   20, 2006, 25n7, 26n33

Gray, Thomas

     eThe Bardf (poem)   13, 1999, 75

Great Exhibition, London, 1851   17, 2003, 35-9, 40-41,      45, 47-8, 49, 49n18; 23, 2009, 54; 25, 2011, 10

     Charles Dickens on   17, 2003, 35, 36-7, 48

     Elizabeth Gaskell on   17, 2003, 35

Greaves, Edward   5, 1991, 7

Greek language   3, 1989, 70, 78; 4, 1990, 46; 11, 1997,      58-9, 61

     see also classical education

Green, Anne (eAnnie) (Henry Greenfs daughter)   24,

     2010, 1

     death of her husband   24, 2010, 12

     in Egypt   24, 2010, 11, 15

Green, Cecilia (Mrs [John] Philip Green)   24, 2010, 3

Green, Dudley (editor)

     Letters of the Reverend Patrick Brontë   20, 2006,

            25n8

Green, [Mary] Ellen (Henry Greenfs daughter)   24, 2010,

     1, 9, 14

     Isabella Jamison, correspondence with   24, 2010,

            11-12, 13-14

Green, Emily (Henry Greenfs daughter)   24, 2010, 1,

     15n2

     in Egypt   24, 2010, 11, 15

     Philip Green, correspondence with   24, 2010, 10-11

Green, Revfd Henry   22, 2008, 57; 24, 2010, 1, 13

     correspondence: with Philip Green   24, 2010, 12; with

            Isabella Jamison   24, 2010, 3

     Knutsfordc   7, 1993, 16

Green, Isabella see Jamison, Isabella

Green, John Albert   2, 1988, 59, 71n2

     A bibliographical guide to the Gaskell collectionc

            2, 1988, 60

Green, Mary (Mrs Henry Green)   24, 2010, 1, 4, 15

     correspondence   24, 2010, 14; see also individual

            correspondents

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   15, 2001, 70;

            20, 2006, 18, 23; 24, 2010, 1, 4-5, 6

     Philip Green, correspondence with   24, 2010, 12

     on Ruth   24, 2010, 5

Green, [John] Philip (Henry Greenfs son)   20, 2006, 16;

     24, 2010, 1, 13

     in Bombay   24, 2010, 3, 5

     Catholicism, conversion to   24, 2010, 3, 13

     correspondence   24, 2010, 3, 8, 13; with Emily Green  

            24, 2010, 10-11; with Henry Green   24, 2010, 12;

            with Isabella Jamison   24, 2010, 3-4, 9, 10, 12,

            13, 14

     death   24, 2010, 3

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   24, 2010, 5, 8

Green, Stephanie see Fraser, Hilary, Green, Stephanie and

     Johnston, Judith

Green family   24, 2010, 10, 11

     see also individual family members

Greenhow, Elizabeth (née Martineau) (Mrs Michael           Greenhow)   16, 2002, 65      

Greenwald, Sheila

     It All Began with Jane Eyre   19, 2005, 52

Greenwood, Frederick   4, 1990, 49; 14, 2000, 30-31; 17,    2003, 30; 19, 2005, 8

     as editor, Cornhill Magazine   22, 2008, 28

Greenwood, John   11, 1997, 5-6

Greg, Hannah   16, 2002, 89

Greg, Mary

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   15, 2001, 14,               20n1; 16, 2002, 46n26; 21, 2007, 92, 93; 25,

            2011, 18n54

Greg, Samuel   15, 2001, 20n1; 20, 2006, 66

Greg, Mrs Samuel

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs draft letter to, on Mary Barton

            19, 2005, 98

Greg, W.[illiam] R.[athbone]   3, 1989, 62; 15, 2001,          20n1; 19, 2005, 50n40; 23, 2009, 23

     on Mary Barton   3, 1989, 2; 15, 2001, 14

     on Ruth   9, 1995, 39; 18, 2004, 27

Greg, William   7, 1993, 18; 20, 2006, 66

Gregory, John

     A Fatherfs Legacy to His Daughters   9, 1995, 15, 16

Gresley, William   18, 2004, 79n8

Grétry, André

     Richard Coeur de Lion (opera)   2, 1988, 36

Greton, Mrs G.

     An Englishwoman in Italy   4, 1990, 62

Grey, Herbert

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   11, 1997, 77;

            18, 2004, 68

     The Three Paths   18, 2004, 68

eThe Grey Womanf (short story)   7, 1993, 39, 46-7; 12,

     1998, 4-7, 11; 20, 2006, 36; 25, 2011, 88, 106

     authorfs manuscript   20, 2006, 2, 6, 33

     characters/themes   18, 2004, 82; 19, 2005, 15-16, 19;

            20, 2006, 31-2, 33, 34, 52, 58; 24, 2010, 79-82,

            100; 25, 2011, 101

     cross-dressing in   24, 2010, 79-82

     Angus Easson on   20, 2006, 31

     gender issues in   24, 2010, 79-80, 81, 82

     German setting   12, 1998, 4-6

     as sensation fiction   24, 2010, 81

     source material for   24, 2010, 79

     Jenny Uglow on   20, 2006, 45n16

Gribble, Jennifer

     The Lady of Shalott and the Victorian Novel   24,

            100, 113n2

Griffin, Andrew   10, 1996, 85

Griffith, George G.   23, 2009, 29n1

Grimaldi, Joseph   24, 2010, 64

Grimes, Angelina   24, 2010, 82

Grimm Brothers   24, 2010, 100, 110, 113n3, 114n14

     German Popular Stories   24, 2010, 100

Grosso, Augusta   1, 1987, 42-3

Grüber, Howard E.

     Darwin on Man   4, 1990, 51n10

Guardian (Church of England journal)   20, 2006, 42

Gubar, Susan see Gilbert, Sandra M. and Gubar, Susan

Guest, Harriet   21, 2007, 22-3

Gunn, David Miller see Fewell, Donna Nolan and Gunn,     David Miller

Gustafson, Alrik   6, 1992, 74

Guy, Josephine M.

     The Victorian Social-Problem Novel   21, 2007, 1

Guyon, Dr   17, 2003, 19, 32n19

 

Habermas, Jurgen   2, 1988, 82

Hachette, Louis   7, 1993, 25

     Bibliothèque des Chemins de Fers   17, 2003, 77

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   15, 2001,

            68-9, 70; 19, 2005, 14, 74; 24, 2010, 129

Hague, Graham and Judy

     The Unitarian heritagec   15, 2001, 13n11

Haight, Gordon S. (editor)

     The George Eliot Letters   14, 2000, 71n1; 19, 2005,

            67nn38-41, 67n43, 67nn45-51; 23, 2009, 32, 35,

            39nn3-4, 39nn6-8, 39n14

hair see womenfs hair

Halberstam, Judith

     her ecollagef concept   25, 2011, 46n27

     on feminism   25, 2011, 30-31, 35, 38, 41, 46nn7-12,

            46nn14-15, 46n27, 47nn31-4, 47n45

     on Yoko Ono: Cut Piece   25, 2011, 32, 33-4, 46n12,

            46nn14-15

     The Queer Art of Failure   25, 2011, 31, 46n8

     her equeer negativityf concept   25, 2011, 31, 46n8

Haldane, Elizabeth S.

     Mrs Gaskell and her Friends   2, 1988, 1-2; 5, 1991,                   62, 63; 9, 1995, 25n2; 10, 1996, 52n9; 12, 1998,                         21; 19, 2005, 102; 25, 2011, 86, 87n17

Haldane, Mary   7, 1993, 72

Hale, Edward Everett   22, 2008, 93n3

     Robert Collyer and   22, 2008, 91, 92

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   22, 2008, 87,

            71n25

     Elizabeth Gaskell, visit to   22, 2008, 87

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   15, 2001, 58, 60; 22, 2008,

            86-8

     eA Man Without a Countryf   15, 2001, 60

     Ninety Days Worth of Europe   15, 2001, 60; 22, 2008,

            87-8

eThe Half Brothersf (short story)   15, 2001, 34, 36, 37n2;

     17, 2003, 53-8; 22, 2008, 8-9

     narrative voice   17, 2003, 53-4, 55

eHalf a Lifetime Agof (short story)   11, 1997, 69, 71; 14,   2000, 20; 15, 2001, 34-5, 37n2; 17, 2003, 92-3,

     95-102; 24, 2010, 23-4

     characters/themes   19, 2005, 16; 24, 2010, 120; 25,

            2011, 101

     Lake District described in   23, 2009, 7

     eMartha Prestonf as precursor of   19, 2005, 86; 23,

            2009, 6; 25, 2011, 79

     publication in Household Words   19, 2005, 86, 89, 93,               102; 23, 2009, 6-7

Hall, Alfred

     The Beliefs of a Unitarian   6, 1992, 41n16

Hall, Catherine see Davidoff, Leonore and Hall,

     Catherine

Hall, John   12, 1998, 43-4

Hall, Mrs S. C.   6, 1992, 74-5, 76n9

Hallam, Henry

     Constitutional History of England   17, 2003, 32n12

Hallé, Charles   22, 2008, 57

Hammond, Barbara   3, 1989, 58

Hammond, J. L.   3, 1989, 58

eHand and Heartf (short story)   18, 2004, 79n13; 20,

     2006, 34; 25, 2011, 82-3

Handbook for Travellers in Central Italy   4, 1990, 61

Handley, Graham   10, 1996, 91n14

     on eA Dark Nightfs Workf   19, 2005, 10

     An Elizabeth Gaskell Chronology   20, 2006, 45n26

Hannay, James

     eBohemians and Bohemianismf   22, 2008, 27

Hansard   3, 1989, 15, 16; 24, 2010, 49, 50

Hapke, Laura   23, 2009, 41

Harbottle, Stephen   9, 1995, 68

Harcourt, Augustus   4, 1990, 48

Harding, D. W.

     on Jane Austen   23, 2009, 21, 30n22

Hardy, Barbara   19, 2005, 33n8; 25, 2011, 29n4

     Tellers and Listeners    19, 2005, 33n8

     Tennyson and the Novelists   9, 1995, 45

Hardy, Thomas   9, 1995, 21; 16, 2002, 14; 19, 2005, 26;

     22, 2008, 54, 69

     The Dynasts   23, 2009, 13

     eIn a Waiting-Roomf   20, 2006, 99

     Jude the Obscure   9, 1995, 21; 10, 1996, 13n15; 14,

            2000, 61, 71n8; 16, 2002, 12

     landscapes depicted by   23, 2009, 12-13

     Return of the Native   23, 2009, 12, 15n45

     Tess of the DfUrbervilles   6, 1992, 58-9, 60-61, 64-5;

            8, 1994, 19; 16, 2002, 2; 23, 2009, 13, 14n46

Hardyment, Christina

     Dream Babiesc   7, 1993, 67, 69, 72; 16, 2002,                          109n14, 110n19, n31, n58

Hare, Augustus   9, 1993, 72

Harland, John

     Ballads and Songs of Lancashire   11, 1997, 48

     Samuel Bamford, correspondence with   22, 2008,

            100, 109

Harman, Barbara Leah

     on North and South   24, 2010, 54-5

Harper and Brothers (publisher)   17, 2003, 78, 79, 80,        82, 83, 84; 19, 2005, 10, 52, 55

Harper, J. Henry

     The House of Harper   17, 2003, 78

Harperfs New Monthly Magazine   17, 2003, 78, 80, 84

     Elizabeth Gaskellfs short stories published in   25,

            2011, 83

Harperfs Weekly (Monthly) Magazine   1, 1987, 37

     My Lady Ludlow reviewed in   3, 1989, 30

     short stories published in   13, 1999, 69; 15, 2001,                      37n2

Harris, Elizabeth Furlong Shipton

     From Oxford to Romec   18, 2004, 79n10

Hart, John Seely   19, 2005, 87

     Elizabeth Gaskell, correspondence with   16, 2002,                     46n23; 17, 2003, 78

     Mary Howitt, correspondence with   19, 2005, 88, 89

Harvard University   1, 1987, 31, 32

     Charles Norton as Professor at   1, 1987, 39-40

Harvey, W. J.

     George Eliot: Middlemarch edited by   22, 2008,

            159n11

Harwood, John

     Bridal and Bridlec   5, 1991, 33

Harwood, Kate   22, 2008, 146

Harwood, Philip   24, 2010, 117

Hasler, Antony   8, 1994, 73

Hatano, Yoko   25, 2011, 59, 61n7, 62n27, 76n27

Haweis, Mary Eliza   22, 2008, 30

     The Art of Beauty   22, 2008, 40n41

     The Art of Decoration   22, 2008, 40n41

Hawthorne, Nathaniel

     Elizabeth Gaskell and   58, 63n10

     The House of the Seven Gables   15, 2001, 58; 17,

             2003, 85

     Henry James on   17, 2003, 91n25

     in Liverpool   15, 2001, 58

     The Marble Faun (Transformation)   15, 2001, 55, 58

     The Scarlet Letter   15, 2001, 58; Elizabeth Gaskellfs

            admiration of   24, 2010, 98n23

Haydon, Benjamin   22, 2008, 42

Hays, Mary   25, 2011, 60

Hazlitt, William   10, 1996, 2-3

     on London theatres   25, 2011, 3

Head, Geoffrey   20, 2006, 27n40; 22, 2008, 94n28

Head, Sir George

     Romec   4, 1990, 62

headaches   25, 2011, 97

     causes   25, 2011, 99-100

     definition   25, 2011, 98, 99, 100

     depicted in Jane Austenfs novels   25, 2011, 97, 101,

            102n6

     Elizabeth Gaskell as suffering from   25, 2011,

            97-103; depicted in her novels   25, 2011, 97-8,

            101, 102n2; effects of   25, 2011, 99, 100-101,

            103n33

     Julia Gaskell as suffering from   25, 2011, 99

     prevalence of   25, 2011, 97, 102nn3-5

     treatment   25, 2011, 97, 99, 100, 103n37

     see also death/illness

the heart

     Victorian significance of   22, 2008, 44-50

     William Wordsworth on   22, 2008, 44-5, 49

eThe Heart of John Middletonf (short story)   14, 2000,       47; 20, 2006, 55

     the Bible/biblical allusions in   18, 2004, 73-4

     characters/themes   18, 2004, 68-75; 19, 2005, 16; 20,

            2006, 55

     critical assessments of   18, 2004, 69

     death and illness depicted in   18, 2004, 71, 75

     Judaism in   18, 2004, 73-4

     narrative voice   18, 2004, 68, 73

     publication in Household Words   18, 2004, 69; 25,

            2011, 81

     as religious fiction   18, 2004, 65-80

     revenge ethic in   18, 2004, 69, 73 ,75

     themes see characters/themes above

Heeney, Brian

     A Different Kind of Gentleman c   25, 2011,

            76nn17-18

     The Womenfs Movement in the Church of England

            25, 2011, 75n1

Hegel, Georg   </